Botanical: Pelargonium graveolens
Family: Geraniaceae (geranium)
The Geranium is a perennial shrub that is native to South Africa and typically stands about four feet in height. It was probably introduced into Europe before 1600, by trading ships that stopped at the Cape of Good Hope, and by the early seventeenth century, it was growing in gardens of France, Germany, Spain, Italy and England, where the flowers were planted around a house to keep evil spirits at bay.
There are seven hundred different varieties of the Geranium family, but only ten (the fragrant Pelargoniums, a name introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738) supply essential oils in the necessary quantity for any type of reasonable extraction; the normal garden variety produces far too little for feasible extraction.
The essential oil accumulates in the small glands found in the leaves and stalks, which are used for extraction. Geranium is cut in the morning in sunny, dry weather, and distillation begins after a few hours of field drying. The Oil of Geranium is widely used in perfumery and for skin problems, and it is also an important component in aromatherapy.
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any essential oils, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Common Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled
Color: Clear, possible slight green color
Aromatic Description: Floral, fresh, sweet, with a fruity note
Constituents: Citronellol, a-pinene, myrcene, limonene, menthone, geraniol, citronellyl acetate, geranyl acetate, linalyl acetate, b-caryophyllene
Therapeutic properties: Astringent, haemostatic, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, diuretic, deodorant, haemostatic, styptic, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary
Contraindications: Geranium Oil is generally considered not to have any side effects and is non-toxic, but hypersensitive persons should use it with caution to avoid dermatitis. Avoid during pregnancy.