Botanical: Coffea arabica
Family: Rubiaceae (madder)
Other common names: Caffea, Caffe, Java, Coffee Bean
Green Coffee Bean delivers all the wonderful things that you suspected when you drank that cup of coffee! For that extra boost in energy, that sharper edge, that clearer mind, Green Coffee Bean is the herbal supplement for you. It is also thought to ease migraine headaches and boost headache medication efficacy. Green Coffee Bean is a powerful cardiac and respiratory stimulant that helps to enhance heartbeat and blood flow and acts as a bronchodilator to improve breathing. New research shows promising benefits in the area of diabetes, heart health, high blood pressure managementl and antioxidant activity.
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
More than a thousand years ago, nomadic mountain warriors of the Galla tribe in Ethiopia mixed deep red berries with animal fat as a food that provided them with strength, endurance and an "extra something" that helped them endure long battles. That "something" turned out to be the caffeine in the Green Coffee Bean. There are about twenty-five species cultivated throughout the world, and different types of Coffee are preferred in different countries. For example, Coffea arabica (which is preferred in the Americas) is produced mostly in South and Central America, and Coffea canefora [robusta] is grown mainly in African countries, while Caffea liberica is grown (and preferred) in Malaysia and Guyana. Growing in the wild, a Coffee plant may reach thirty feet in height, but under cultivation the heights vary from only about six to fifteen feet, which makes flowering and harvesting easier - and more economical. Coffee is the second most valuable commodity in international trade, ranking second only to petroleum in terms of dollars traded, and it is the world's most popular beverage. The leaves of the plant are generally dark green and ovate in shape, and the plant bears clusters of white, jasmine-scented flowers, which develop into red, cherry-like berries. This "fruit" is coated with a thin film (epicarp or esocarpo) containing a sugary mucilaginous flesh (mesocarp) enclosing seeds in the form of two coupled beans. After peeling off a parchment coating and yet another silvery film, we find our bluish-Green Coffee Bean. Coffee Plants prefer higher altitudes in warm, humid climates (sixty/seventy-five degrees Fahrenheit), in deep, well-irrigated soil (humus, generally porous, with a slight tendency toward acid but more or less a neutral pH) with well-drained subsoil, preferably on hilly lands (cut into mountainsides) in semi-shade. The Green Coffee Bean has a rich and sometimes sinister history. The name, Coffee, comes to us from the Ethiopian province of Caffa, where local peoples made a type of wine from dried Green Coffee Beans fermented in water about 1000 A.D. From Ethiopia, the plant was introduced into the Arabian Peninsula, where it was first developed into a hot drink, remaining, for a time, the exclusive province of priests and medical men. By the fifteenth century, Mecca boasted several public coffeehouses, and Coffee's restorative powers were so well documented through the Islamic world that the coffeehouses replaced neighborhood mosques as favored meeting places. When European travelers began to favorably describe the benefits of Coffee, Arabs carefully guarded their profitable trade monopoly, forbidding foreigners' access to Coffee farms and maintaining cultivation secrets. Only beans that were subjected to the heat, which destroyed their germinating potential, could be exported, but these protective barriers began to erode as the number of European travelers to Arab lands increased, along with the steady integration and expansion of the Ottoman Empire. It was just a question of time, and in 1690, clever Dutch spies smuggled out some seedlings and set up Coffee plantations in Java (hence, the common name). Venetian traders introduced Coffee to Europe early in the seventh century, and coffeehouses rapidly replaced taverns as social and political gathering places. The first Coffee shop was opened in London in 1652, and as early as 1715, there were over two thousand coffeehouses in London alone. Coffee trees were taken to the New World in 1718, spreading from Caribbean islands throughout Central and South America with control of the trade passing among Dutch, English and French hands and involving thefts, subterfuge and the slave trade. Throughout the years, Coffee has been considered a fashionable exotic drink (when mixed with chocolate, it is mocha), a temperance beverage, a stimulating drug and an important medicine. Its pharmacological qualities were perceived to have the power to cure everything from drunkenness and opium addiction to plague, but today, there is hard scientific research being conducted into Coffee's virtues, and it looks as if the Green Coffee Bean may be the source of many and varied important health benefits not previously known. Constituents in the Green Coffee Bean include caffeine, chlorogenic acid, wax, volatile oil, aromatic oil (caffeol), theobromine, theophylline, caffeic acid, tannic acid, gum, sugar and protein.
The pharmaceutical industry incorporates the caffeine in Green Coffee Bean into many commercial painkillers, where its stimulating effects help to rush such substances as aspirin and paracetamol into the system and enhance efficacy. Recent reports indicate that Green Coffee Bean helps to relieve migraine headaches. In homeopathic and alternative medicine, Coffee has long been used to relieve tension headaches and reduce hyperactivity.
Green Coffee Bean is considered a central nervous system and brain stimulant. As a brain stimulant, it helps to increase cerebral activity, and one is said to be more alert with a sharper mind. The results of a study conducted by the French National Institute for Health and Medical Research and published in the August, 2007, issue of the journal, Neurology, found that the caffeine in Coffee seemed to help preserve the cognitive skills of older women, and the benefits increased with age and the amount of Coffee consumed. According to the research, caffeine is a cognitive stimulant herb that helps to reduce levels of the protein called beta-amyloid in the brain, whose accumulation is responsible for Alzheimer's disease but which also occurs in normal ageing. The French study confirms previous research, said William Scott, professor of medicine at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, who has researched caffeine's beneficial effects against Parkinson's disease, also a neurodegenerative disorder. Apropos of neurological research, 2012 research from Canada's McGill University suggested that caffeine may be helpful in easing the symptoms and movements associated with Parkinson's disease. Further 2009 research from Scandanavia also found that daily Coffee consumption in middle age could decrease the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease by sixty-five percent; and 2012 research from the University of Illinois found caffeine consumption could help ease cognitive decline and lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease by blocking inflammation in the brain, potentially leading a way to reverse early cognitive impairment.
Green Coffee Bean is of particular value in fighting overdoses of such central nervous system depressants as alcohol, barbiturates and morphine, and because it is an active brain stimulant, producing sleeplessness, it is of great value in cases of collapse after narcotic poisoning. Coffee has also been considered valuable in cases of snakebite, helping to ward off coma.
Coffee may thwart the development of liver damage. According to researchers from Kaiser Permanente Coffee may help protect against developing the liver disease, cirrhosis. The study, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, found that those who consumed Coffee were less likely to develop the disease. Since there was no relationship between tea-drinking and cirrhosis, researchers believe it's not the caffeine that confers the benefit.
Green Coffee Bean has been used to control vomiting and ease nausea.
The caffeine in Green Coffee Bean may be of great help in treating diabetes (and because it is available in supplement form, it is not necessary to drink six cups of Coffee to achieve results). Recent studies conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that participants who regularly drank coffee significantly reduced the risk of Type-2 diabetes onset, compared to non-coffee drinking participants. The men who drank more than six cups of caffeinated coffee per day reduced their risk for Type-2 diabetes by more than fifty percent, compared to men in the study who didn't drink coffee. According to findings published in the January 6, 2004, issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, women who drank six or more cups of Coffee per day reduced the risk of Type-2 diabetes by nearly thirty percent. Coffee contains chlorogenic acid, which can actually improve sensitivity to insulin and may contribute to lowering risk of Type-2 diabetes.
Further supporting this finding, researchers at the University of California San Diego in La Jolla also reported in October, 2006, that Coffee drinkers have a substantially lower risk of developing Type-2 diabetes than people who abstain, and this "striking" protective effect was seen in former Coffee drinkers as well. Furthermore, the protective effect may not be the caffeine, because the effect has also been observed with decaffeinated Coffee. Coffee's protective effect was seen even among people who had impaired glucose tolerance, an early warning sign of diabetes.
The chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid in Green Coffee Bean work as powerful antioxidants that absorb free oxygen radicals and prevent destructive, free radical or oxidative damage to tissues or cells. There are claims that Coffee's ability to absorb free radicals is more effective than Grape Seed and Green Tea. As a dietary polyphenol, the chlorogenic acid helps to detoxify and block formation of damaging free-radical compounds and suppress the activation of disease-causing agents. By working to prevent damage to cells, antioxidant activity is also thought to combat the ageing process.
Green Coffee Bean has long been considered a powerful respiratory and cardiac stimulant that increases the heartbeat, enhances the flow of blood, especially through the coronary arteries that feed the heart, and muscles respond to the enhanced pulse. Breathing is also stimulated, and Green Coffee Bean works as a bronchodilator, helping to increase respiratory capacity.
Supporting its influence on heart health, Coffee Bean shows potential in the treatment of high blood pressure. Recent research in Japan has demonstrated that Green Coffee Bean extract has hypotensive effects in hypertensive rats. Caffeine (caffeoylquinic acid), the major component in Coffee Bean was fed to spontaneously hypertensive rats, and the findings indicated that oral ingestion of Coffee Bean decreased the animals' blood pressure. A detailed report on this study may be found here: Green Coffee Bean extract and its metabolites have a hypotensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Pursuant to cardiac health, 2012 research at Boston's Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center found that moderate consumption of daily Coffee daily could be beneficial to the heart and cut the odds of cardiac trouble; however, moderation appears to be the key, since too much could be counter-productive. (See Two cups of coffee per day may decrease odds of developing heart failure.)
Even the kidneys are said to work a little harder. Green Coffee Bean is a bitter, aromatic stimulant herb with diuretic effects, helping to increase the production and flow of urine.
2012 randomized trials from Germany's University Hospital, Heidelberg, found that consumption of Coffee could be an economical and safe way to speed up and improve bowel functions of people after surgery. The results, which were published in the British Journal of Surgery, suggest that although post-operative bowel obstruction iis common after abdominable surgery, Coffee could be an effective means to help alleviate the problem. (See Coffee could aid bowel functions after surgery.)
According to Spanish and American researchers (Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health 2009), caffeinated Coffee appears to lower the risk for stroke among women, with more consumption translating into more protection. The finding stems from the tracking of both Coffee habits and stroke occurrence among tens of thousands of American women across nearly a quarter century, and it adds to earlier indications that Coffee might also offer some protection against diabetes, while not raising the risk for heart trouble.
Green Coffee Bean supports a safe energy boost. The caffeic acid content acts as a stimulant, and the chlorogenic acid appears to alter the patterns of glucose uptake in the small intestine, helping to regulate metabolism. Green Coffee Bean is often included in sports regimens to increase energy and to help stimulate the production of cortisone and adrenalin in the body, resulting in increased stamina, confirming what Galla warriors of Ethiopia understood over a thousand years ago.
Caffeine is once again in the health news and in a positive light. According to researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey, the combination of exercise and caffeine increased destruction of precancerous cells that had been damaged by the sun's ultraviolet-B radiation, which holds promise for preventing the million new cases of skin cancer reported every year. In laboratory animals, the administration of caffeine from the Green Coffee Bean and exercise produced positive results, but caffeine drinking runners experienced a nearly four-hundred-percent increase in cell apoptosis (self-destruction) in damaged cells, indicating that there was some kind of synergy involved in the dramatic difference. Further research conducted in 2009 by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, tested cultured human skin cells, which were placed in a caffeine bath and were then exposed to high-level UV radiation. The cells damaged by UV rays were subsequently destroyed, giving further evidence that the caffeine found in Coffee Bean shows promise in warding off skin cancers caused by high level ultra-violet radiation. In 2012, a study published in the journal, Cancer Research, Harvard Medical School also demonstrated that Coffee Consumption Could Cut Skin Cancer Risk, noting that the data indicate that the more caffeinated coffee you consume, the lower your risk of developing basal cell carcinoma.
Research from Tohoku University, Japan (2009), indicates that Coffee consumption may protect against oral or throat cancer (mouth, pharynx and esophagus). Perhaps more importantly, the investigators also noted that the reduction in risk included people who are at high risk for these cancers, namely, those who were current drinkers and/or smokers at the start of the study, noting that Coffee could be a preventive factor in both low-risk and high-risk populations. Read about the study: Coffee May Protect Against Oral Cancers.
With respect to malignant diseases, 2012 research conducted by the U.S. National Cancer Research Institute in Rockville, Maryland, indicated that drinking four or more cups of Coffee daily could have a possible protective effect against bowel or colon cancer by about 15% to 25%. The twelve-year study, including 490,000 people, was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, and found that there was a link between the protective effects of Coffee, but that more research is needed to establish what exact constituents were responsible for the positive findings.
Externally, the powdered seeds of Green Coffee Bean have been used to ease burns and scalds.
Related News (click on article title for link to full article)
Green Coffee Promotes Weight Loss?
- From the Discovery Channel website's Health News Section - 05/01/06
"Coffee made out of green, unroasted coffee beans promotes weight loss, according to a new study on compounds that are naturally present in the beans."
Antihypertensive effect of green coffee bean extract on mildly hypertensive subjects
- From PubMed.com, a service of the National Library of Medicine and
the National Institutes of Health - 09/28/05
"A water-soluble Green Coffee Bean Extract (GCE) has been shown to be effective against hypertension in both spontaneously hypertensive rats and humans."
Coffee May Protect Against Oral Cancers
- From Reuters - 01/06/09
New research indicates that coffee lowers the risk of developing cancer of the oral cavity or throat.
Coffee May Decrease the Risk of Alzheimer’s
- From Alzheimer's Disease Volume 16, Number 1 - 01/16/09
Drinking between three and five cups of Coffee a day in middle age could decrease the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease by sixty-five percent.
Coffee May Offer Bowel Cancer Protection:
Consumption of four or more cups of Coffee per day may be associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer, suggests new data...
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 09/04/12 and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - 06/13/12
Caffeine May Ease Parkinson's Movements ~
- From Canada's CBC News - 8/1/2012
Canadian study suggests that people with Parkinson's disease might find symptom relief by consuming Coffee.
Pregnant and nursing mothers should not use Green Coffee Bean Herbal Supplement. This botanical interferes with iron absorption and may also interfere with absorption of some medications (including Adenosine, benzodiazepines, lithium, etc.). Those with kidney inflammation should avoid Green Coffee Bean, as well as those with glaucoma (temporarily increases intra-ocular pressure), stomach ulcers, known psychological disorders and heart conditions. People who take MAO inhibitors, beta-blockers, phenylpropanolamine or Clozapine should not take Green Coffee Bean. Prolonged use of Green Coffee Bean Extract may increase the risk of heart attack, cholesterol elevation, calcium and magnesium loss and may lead to insomnia and restlessness.