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In our continuing effort to introduce as much research as possible, we at Herbal Extracts Plus Information offer the latest news and research articles about current studies, clinical trials and topics relating to natural herbs and nutrients and your good health. Simply click the article titles to read the full articles.


For up-to-date health-related news articles from Reuters Health Information and Health Day, visit the Medline Plus News page.  Brought to you from the United States National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health, this comprehensive website also gives you the most recent press announcements from major medical organizations, information about different health topics, drugs and supplements, and more.

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8 Foods That May Lower Your Cholesterol
- From MSN Health & Fitness Health Centers: Cholesterol - not dated; posted here 07/27/07
Following an overall healthy diet that’s low in saturated fat and abundant in fruits and vegetables is wiser than obsessing over specific "super" foods.  Nonetheless, some foods have been shown to give cholesterol levels an extra nudge in the right direction, by reducing harmful LDL (bad) cholesterol, raising HDL (bad) cholesterol or preventing LDL cholesterol from being oxidized, a process that can otherwise damage the lining of blood vessels and increase cardiovascular risk.  So load up on healthy foods and eat your way to good hearth health.
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8 tips to cancer-proof your body - Straight from the lab: Stealth strategies for keeping the Big C at bay
- From Men's Health via MSNBC via MSN Health & Fitness - 10/23/07
Studies conducted by the Ohio State University Medical Center, the Gerald P. Murphy Cancer Foundation and Creighton University indicate that healthy lifestyle and dietary strategies show great promise in the fight against different cancers, and the fundamentals include consuming important dietary nutrients found in Kelp, Pomegranate and Blueberries, plus adding few lifestyle changes, such as no-smoking, learning to relax, exercising and getting outdoors to catch the sun’s rays (important vitamin D).  Other tips include taking supplemental Selenium (found in Garlic and Broccoli, by the way) and plenty of vitamin C.  All these approaches have one very positive thing in common: They're just plain good for you and bad for cancer cells.
Aged Garlic Shows Blood Pressure Improvement Benefits:
Daily supplements of Garlic extract may reduce systolic blood pressure~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/17/10
According to a study from Australia’s University of Adelaide, supplementation with aged Garlic extract may reduce systolic blood pressure by 10.2 mmHg.  The researchers report that the benefits were observed only in people with initial systolic pressure (SBP) of 140 mmHg or over, and that no effects were observed in people with lower SBP.  High blood pressure (hypertension), defined as having a systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) greater than 140 and 90 mmHg, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD).  The study is reported to be the first to examine the effects of aged Garlic extracts for reducing hypertension and adds to the body of science supporting the potential cardiovascular benefits of Garlic.  The new study used daily supplementation with Garlic extract for twelve weeks, and the scientists recruited fifty people with treated, but uncontrolled, hypertension to participate in their double-blind, parallel randomized, placebo-controlled trial.  Results showed a “marked difference” between the Garlic and control groups in subjects with uncontrolled hypertension.  On the other hand, no effects on diastolic blood pressure were observed between the groups, said the researchers.  Garlic extract is regarded as safe, and it may be more tolerable than Garlic powder and superior to raw or cooked Garlic.  Thus far, consumer awareness of the health benefits of Garlic has mostly been in terms of cardiovascular and immune system health.  The researchers conclude that future larger trials are needed to confirm the findings of efficacy on systolic hypertension, diastolic hypertension, dose-response relationships and effects in association to conventional blood pressure medication.
Alternative medicine
- From the BBC News Health Section; February 8, 2003
Research conducted by the BBC has shown that alternative medicines are becoming increasingly popular.  Yet their effectiveness is yet to be proven to the majority of medical practitioners in the UK and there are concerns over safety as many of the treatments remain untested.  BBC News Online's health team examines the issues.
Alternative Treatment; What about other drugs, herbal remedies and diet?
- A Woman's Perspective; 2000
"Some women find relief from menopause-related changes with non-prescription drugs, and/or alternative, herbal treatments.  There's a lack of evidence, however, as to the benefits or risks they provide.  Talk to your doctor about these alternatives to HRT."
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Ancient Food Ingredients Winning Over Modern Wellness Seekers:
Americans interested in preventing disease and boosting health are increasingly using ancient foods ~

- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Consumer Trends section - 01/18/11
According to current food industry reports, modern consumers are more engaged than ever trying out new foods and diets in hopes of curing health problems or preventing ailments to which they are susceptible.  Hobbled with healthcare issues and economic woes, while simultaneously emboldened by solid Internet and media information and a growing understanding and acceptance of alternative medical systems (Traditional Chinese Medicine with its acupuncture, holistic medicine and its tinctures, Naturopathic Medicine and even yoga), consumers have never had more motivation or ammunition for finding new cures themselves, especially diet-related ones.  American consumers are being proactive in managing their health through food.  Many of these curative foods and herbs have roots in ancient times and have been consumed by cultures around the world for centuries.  They are looking back through the ages to locate whole foods and healthy nutrients that could be incorporated into their health-conscious diets and seeking wellness with foods like India’s Ayurverdic herbs (think Boswellia for inflammation, Ashwagandha to detoxify and rejuvenate and Bacopa for brain function), Omega-3-rich Flaxseed and hempseed, as well as herbs and whole grains.  Docosahexanoic Acid (DHA) in
Omega-3 Fatty Acids is the closest to broad mainstream acceptance, whether supplied from a Biblical source like fish, or increasingly as a supplemental nutrient being utilized by consumers on the lookout for foods that benefit the brain. Omega-3 gets another mention via grass-fed meat and dairy which is gaining popularity due to its hormone-free status.  It also feeds into consumers’ desires for more authentically good-for-you products - those our ancestors relied on.  Agave nectar is gaining in popularity as a natural sweetener and fits with consumer desires for a more healthful plant-based sweetener (like Stevia); its low glycemic-index is a plus, as is its heritage in Mexican cuisine.  Hemp, fermented foods and sprouted foods are specialties.  Miso, kasu and tempeh are fermented foods that have long been trusted in Asia for their healthful properties.  Hempseed is touted for its Omega-3 and Omega-6 levels, while rice, wheat and other grains (preferably whole grains) and nuts are being used as a base for wholesome grain goods that offer more nutrition and are more digestible. Healing spices, like holy Basil and Turmeric appear in upscale, ethnic and independent restaurants and shops, but are increasingly being incorporated into teas, nut butters and energy bars.  Modern consumers’ participation in uncovering and treating various conditions with food is part of this era’s DIY-care mentality.
Ancient Minty Painkiller Worked, Study Suggests - Ancient Chinese used Mint oil, which has anti-inflammatory properties
- From MSNBC's >Technology & Science > Science Section - 08/25/06
"The doctors of ancient Greece and China had it right when they applied cool and minty salves to soothe aches and pains, a new study suggests.  A synthetic treatment with the same properties as mint oil is an effective painkiller when applied directly to the skin.  The new cooling compounds could be especially beneficial to millions suffering with the chronic pain of arthritis and diseases affecting nerve endings, scientists say."
Antihypertensive Effect of Green Coffee Bean Extract on Mildly Hypertensive Subjects.
- From PubMed.com, a service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health - 09/28/05
"A water-soluble Green Coffee Bean extract (GCE) has been shown to be effective against hypertension in both spontaneously hypertensive rats and humans."
Antioxidants From BLACK TEA May Aid DiabeticsPolysaccharides from Black Tea may blunt the spike in sugar levels after a meal more than similar compounds from Green and Oolong Tea, and offer potential to manage diabetes
- From NutraIngredients.com's Product News > Antioxidants, Carotenoids - 07/29/09
Interest in Tea and its constituents has bloomed in recent years, with the greatest focus on the polyphenol content in the leaves.  According to new findings published in the Journal of Food Science, researchers from Tianjin University isolated three polysaccharide-rich fractions from Green Tea, Black Tea and Oolong Tea.  The new research measured their ability to inhibit the effects of alpha-glucosidase activity.  By inhibiting this enzyme, it is possible to reduce the spike in glucose levels in the blood following a meal (postprandial hyperglycemia). The Black Tea was found to contain lower molecular weight polysaccharides, and when tested for their ability to inhibit alpha-glucosidase, as well as antioxidant activities relating to hydroxyl radicals and DPPH radicals, the Black Tea polysaccharides were found to produce the best results.  The Black Tea polysaccharides also exhibited the greatest activity for scavenging free radicals, which are linked to development of diseases such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.  The researchers concluded that the differences in antioxidant activities and glycosidase inhibitory properties among the three polysaccharide-rich fractions appeared to be related to differences in monosaccharide composition and molecular weight distribution of the polysaccharide, and thus, there is a potential for Black Tea polysaccharide in managing diabetes.
Browse all Tea information from Herbal Extracts Plus
Antioxidants May Protect Against Tick-borne Illness
- From Medical News Today's Complementary and Alternative Medicine News Section - 08/13/06
"For hikers, campers and others who enjoy the outdoors, summer can bring concerns about tick bites and related illnesses such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Researchers are investigating the role that antioxidants -- alpha-lipoic acid and potentially others like Green Tea and vitamins C and E, for example - might play in preventing or treating the deadly rickettsia bacteria."
Apple Fibres May Boost Immune Health: Soluble fibers like pectin from apples may reduce the inflammation associated with obesity-related diseases and strengthen the immune system:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/03/10
New research from the University of Illinois noted that reasonable, not pharmacological, doses of soluble fiber like Apple Pectin or Apple Fiber, have a direct anti-inflammatory effect and promote immune health.  Chronic inflammation has been linked to a range of conditions associated with heart disease, osteoporosis, cognitive decline and Alzheimer's, Type-2 diabetes and arthritis.  In the recent study, the scientists noted that not all fibers are created equal; animal models fed with a low-fat diet and either soluble or insoluble fiber produced distinctly different responses:  The soluble-fiber-fed models showed evidence of less sickness and a faster recovery rate than the others.  In addition, the subjects demonstrated profound, positive changes in their immune systems, with the benefits reportedly linked to an increased production of the anti-inflammatory protein interleukin-4 (IL-4).  According to the findings, which were published in Brain, Behavior and Immunity, the researchers are now considering if the benefits are extended when high-fat diets are consumed, assessing whether soluble fiber may counter some of the negative effects of a high-fat diet and essentially immunizing obese persons against the harmful effects of fat.
Artichoke Can Lower Cholesterol Levels, Say Researchers: UK research has found Artichoke leaf extract can reduce cholesterol levels in healthy adults
- From NutraIngredients.com's News Headlines > Research section - 07/03/08
According to research from England’s University of Reading, ARTICHOKE leaf extracts may have cardio-protective effects.  Cholesterol levels dropped six percent in otherwise healthy adults with raised cholesterol between a group given 1280 mgs of daily Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) and a control group taking a placebo.  The commercially-sponsored research indicated that there was a modest, but statistically significant effect detectable between the two groups.  German researchers have been looking into the health properties of the Globe Artichoke since the 1930s, but previous trials were often not as robustly designed; thus, the results of this trial are encouraging and provide food for thought to conduct a similar trial among less healthy people.  Globe Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a member of the daisy family, and its leaves have been used in Europe to improve digestive and urinary tract health.  Recent studies indicate ALE can benefit dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome, and extracts of the type used in the current trial are commercially available in Germany and Switzerland as a remedy for indigestion and available in the UK as OTC food supplements. The researchers concluded that the study provides further evidence that Artichoke may help reduce plasma total cholesterol in adults with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia.
Asparagus Extracts May Ease HangoverAn extract from Asparagus may increase the function of enzymes in the liver and boost the metabolism of alcohol
- From NutraIngredients.com - 08/14/09
According to research from from Jeju National University, Korea, and published in the Journal of Food Science, extracts from young shoots and leaves of Asparagus were tested to discover whether they could reduce liver toxicity in human liver cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide. When the leaf extract was tested in the liver cells, the researchers measured the degree of reactive oxygen species formation on exposure to hydrogen peroxide and found a reduction of seventy percent.  Furthermore, the researchers found that toxicity to the cells from hydrogen peroxide and ethanol were also significantly reduced by the extracts of Asparagus.  Since leaves and shoots are often discarded by processors and growers, this also opens an economical source for bioactives that can exert positive biological action, including the alleviation of alcohol hangover and the protection of liver cells against toxic insults.  These results suggest that the extracts of Asparagus officinalis exert a wide spectrum of activities including strong antioxidant activity and the ability to act as a potent catalytic factor to stimulate the enzymatic activities required to metabolize ethanol.
Banish Bad Breath naturally
- From the Revolution Health Group via RevolutionHealth.com - 02/27/07
Most of us occasionally suffer with bad breath, but about ninety million suffer from it chronically. Typically, bad breath (halitosis) is caused by bacteria that accumulate on bits of food left in your mouth, on your tongue and between your teeth.  But it can also reflect poor eating habits and underlying health problems.  Fortunately, there are natural strategies that can help to prevent foul breath gently, effectively and often less expensively. Try some simple dietary and hygiene tips that can keep your breath fresh and clean, including herbal breath fresheners, such as nature’s own breath sweetener, chlorophyll, which is found in CHLORELLA, PARSLEY and other natural odor neutralizers.  
Beauty of the beetrootScientists have discovered that Beet Root has a remarkable effect on lowering blood pressure
- From the UK's Telegraph Newspaper website's Health Section - 07/07/08
A UK research team from the London School of Medicine, St. Barts and William Harvey Research Institute (the renowned pharmacology centre that discovered how aspirin can prevent heart attacks and strokes) found that natural BEET ROOT juice can have as great an effect on blood pressure as conventional drugs.  The scientists found that after drinking the juice, there was a significant decrease in volunteers' blood pressure, and the remarkable effects were still noticeable twenty-four hours later.  That such an inexpensive and bounteous vegetable may lower blood pressure makes Beet Root worthy of its new-found status as the first super-root.  The woody consistency, off-putting earthy aroma and overly sweet taste have long prevented regular consumption, but there are new efforts to create a tasty juice.  Happily, you can get your daily Beet Root dose in supplemental form too.  Like other super foods, Beet Root has antioxidants in abundance, and is rich in iron, boron and folic acid.  Betanene, which gives the root its deep color, is even more potent an antioxidant than polyphenols, the plant chemicals thought to be the reason why people who eat leafy vegetables have lower blood pressure.  Interestingly, other earlier research from the London School of Medicine indicated that Beet Root’s nitrates and the mineral, potassium, can also significantly reduce blood pressure.
Benefits of Drinking Green Tea
- From ABC7.com, KABC-TV Los Angeles - 07/27/06
"When it comes to fighting cancer, especially breast cancer, USC Preventive Medicine experts say go for Green Tea, instead of black. Dr. Anna Wu examined the dietary habits of Asian American women. She found those who drank green tea exclusively showed the most benefit. "They had about a forty percent reduction in risk of breast cancer, and these were women who were daily tea drinkers," Wu said. Both green and black tea are made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, but black tea is fermented much longer than Green Tea, a process that destroys certain polyphenols."
Beware Of Herbal Medicinal Products That Contain Lead And Mercury, New Yorkers Warned
- Medical News Today's Complementary/Alternative Medicine News Section - 06/18/06
"The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) today warned New Yorkers against the use of certain herbal medicine products made in China containing high levels of lead and mercury."
Bilberries May Prevent Artery Hardening, Boost Heart Health - Extracts from Bilberry may prevent the build up of plaques in the arteries, preventing hardening of the blood vessels and boosting overall heart health, says a new study from France -
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's News Headlines > Research section - 11/09/09  
New research from France’s Institut National de la Research Agronomique and published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, indicate that fermentation of BILBERRY extract may generate some new compounds with even more health-promoting properties than the anthocyanin-rich standardized extract.  After sixteen weeks of study, the yeast-fermented Bilberry extract produced significant inhibition of the development of plaques associated with atherosclerosis, and the in vivo animal studies suggested that the extract produces new bioactive compounds with heart health effects, which exert a more effective anti-atherogenic activity.  Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which causes almost fifty percent of deaths in Europe and billions of dollars in cost to the economy.  The researchers noted that the active compounds in the fermented extract have yet to be identified but suggested they may be anthocyanin-derived polymeric pigments and stressed that more studies are necessary to identify the compounds responsible for these effects and to investigate possible mechanisms underlying such effects.
Bilberry Extract Shows Anti-Diabetes Benefits: Mouse Study: Consumption of Bilberry may reduce the levels of glucose in the blood and provide a means of reducing the risk of diabetes ~
- From NutraIngredients-usa.com's Headlines > Research section - 02/17/10
In animal models, scientists from Japan’s Chubu University have found that anthocyanins in BILBERRY appear to affect the action of various proteins involved in glucose transport and fat/lipid metabolism, indicating potential for prevention and treatment of Type-2 diabetes in humans.  The findings, published in The Journal of Nutrition, demonstrated that consumption of the Bilberry extract by mice with a genetic predisposition for diabetes was associated with lower blood glucose levels and increased insulin sensitivity.  The results were linked to an activation of a protein that stimulates lipid breakdown in liver and muscle and modulates insulin secretion by the pancreas.  Increases in levels of a glucose transporter were also noted by the researchers, and this was accompanied by a simultaneous activation of an enzyme linked to fatty acid synthesis and deactivation of enzymes that play a role in fat metabolism.  If further studies, particularly in humans, support the potential benefits of Bilberry, it could provide a biochemical basis for the use of Bilberry fruits for the prevention and treatment of Type 2 diabetes.
Birch Bark Compound May Fight Metabolic Diseases: Study
Betulin, an ingredient found in abundance in Birch Bark, may have a wide range of metabolic benefits ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 01/05/11
According a new study conducted at Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, the Birch Bark compound, betulin, lowered cholesterol, helped to prevent diet-induced obesity and improved insulin sensitivity in animal models by blocking a pathway important in production of cholesterol and fatty acids.  Regarding metabolic disease, abnormally high levels of blood lipids (known as hyperlipidemia) is closely linked to a host of metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and Type-2 diabetes; and hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol) is typically associated with increased levels of serum cholesterol and one of the major risk factors for atherosclerosis.  The findings, published in Cell Metabolism, also reported that the betulin-treated lab mice were also seen to be more resistant to developing atherosclerotic plaques in their arteries.  After six weeks of being fed a high-fat Western diet, the animals were treated with either betulin, a cholesterol-lowering statin (lovastatin) or a placebo.  The researchers say that betulin acts by targeting Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding Proteins (SREBPs), a transcription factor known to be involved in the production of cholesterol, fatty acids and triglycerides, and they further suggested that betulin may have similar, or even better, effects than lovastatin – a member of the most widely prescribed drug class for treating high cholesterol. The team found that betulin reduced the activity of genes that are normally activated by SREBP, and was seen to lower lipid levels within cells. Compared to placebo, both lovostatin and betulin led to a reduction in weight on the high-fat diet, though the researchers noted that the reductions were achieved by different means.  Further investigations showed that betulin also lowered lipid levels in blood, liver and fat tissue.  Betulin also made the animals more sensitive to insulin and showed a reduction in the number of atherosclerotic plaques formed. The researchers concluded that inhibition of SREBP by betulin decreased the biosynthesis of cholesterol and fatty acid, improved diet-induced obesity, decreased the lipid contents in serum and tissues and increased insulin sensitivity; and inhibition of SREBP pathway can be employed as a therapeutic strategy to treat metabolic diseases including Type-2 diabetes and atherosclerosis.
Black Cohosh May Cut Breast Cancer Risk
- From Reuters Health via BreastCancer.org - 04/26/07
A new study, published in the International Journal of Cancer, April 1, 2007, provides preliminary evidence that an herbal medicine used to help women cope with menopausal symptoms may reduce breast cancer risk. However, according to Dr. Timothy R. Rebbeck and colleagues of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia, much more research is needed before the herb, Black Cohosh, can be recommended to prevent the disease.
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More Good News About Black (and Green) Teas: 
Black Tea May Match Green for Weight Benefits:  Like Green Tea, extracts from Black Tea may also help reduce weight gain and cut body fat levels ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/14/10
According to a new study from Japan, supplementing Black Tea extracts into the diet of lab animals, which had been fed a high-fat diet, suppressed weight gain and body fat levels.  The benefits were linked to reduced fat absorption.  The scientists fed male rats a fat emulsion containing Black Tea, and an analysis of fat levels in the blood demonstrated that Black Tea suppressed increases in plasma triglyceride levels in a dose-dependent manner with the largest amount having the greatest effects.  In a separate study with female mice, researchers supplemented their high-fat diets with Black Tea extract, and administration inhibited increases in body weight, adipose tissue mass and liver lipid content.  Interest in Tea and its constituents has expanded in recent years, with the greatest focus on the leaf’s polyphenol content. The four primary polyphenols found in fresh tealeaves are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG) and epicatechin (EC). Green Tea contains the largest amount of polyphenols, while Black Tea (Green Tea that has been oxidized by fermentation) contains the least.  Oolong Tea is semi-fermented and somewhere between Green and Black.  Most studies have focused on Green Tea, and to date it has been linked to reduced risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improved cardiovascular and oral health, as well as benefits in weight management.  Although Black Tea extract contains only small amounts of these components, significant physiologic effects of administering Black Tea extracts have been observed.  The primary polyphenols in Black Tea are theaflavins and thearubigins, but it has not yet been clarified whether thearubigins also have a preventive effect on obesity. The results of this study indicate the prospect that Black Tea-derived polyphenols are potentially responsible for the observed physiologic effects. While more research is needed, the researchers concluded that the polyphenols in Black Tea were responsible for the apparent weight management benefits.

Black Tea May Offer Heart Benefits - Extracts from Black Tea May Reduce Total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels, according to a new study from Japan:
- From the Beveragedaily.com website's Product News > Ingredients & Additives section - 07/15/08
A randomized double-blind study that was published in the journal, Nutrition Reviews, indicated that consumption of Black Tea extract may reduce total cholesterol levels by nine percent and LDL cholesterol levels by twelve percent, and it was also associated with beneficial changes in blood levels of triglycerides and body weight.  High cholesterol levels have a long association with many diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease - the number one killer on both sides of the Atlantic.  According to the researchers in Osaka, Japan, health benefits of TEAS are linked to their polyphenol content.  GREEN TEAS (which contain the most) contain between 30 and 40 percent of water-extractable polyphenols, while BLACK TEAS contain between 3 and 10 percent.  The primary polyphenols found in fresh tea leaves are epigallocatechin gallate epigallocatechin, epicatechin gallate and epicatechin.  The authors of the study postulated that Tea extract may function by inhibiting the re-absorption of bile acids, increasing the excretion of cholesterol; the liver compensates by producing more bile from cholesterol, thereby promoting lower cholesterol.  Furthermore, the reduced levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides remained significant even one month after termination of intake.  The authors also stated that future studies should investigate if the extract can play a role in reducing arteriosclerosis and obesity in humans and concluded: “Because the black tea extract induced the precipitation of mixed bile salt micelles and lowers blood cholesterol levels, it might have contributed to body weight loss in this study…in this regard, further investigation of black tea extract effects on body weight loss is warranted.”

Blueberries may cut osteoporosis link, for rats at least
- From NutraIngredients.com's Research section - 03/12/08
Researchers from Florida State University and Oklahoma State University suggest that an increased intake of Blueberries may prevent the weakening of bones that occurs after the menopause.  The findings, which were published in The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, related to laboratory research conducted with rats.  If the study can be translated to humans, it could see the Blueberry’s health benefits being extended beyond those already reported in the literature including lowering cholesterol, and protecting against cancer and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease. The effect may be due to the components of Blueberry, which function as free radical scavengers. This observation is supported by a report which ranks Blueberry extract to have the highest antioxidant capacity, in comparison with other fruits and reference compounds such as vitamin C.
Boswellia (Boswellia serrata) Potential as a new treatment for asthma
- European Journal of Herbal Medicine 1998; 3:511-14 via Herb World News Online
"Indian and German researchers conducted the first study of Boswellia's effect on the symptoms of asthma. The double-blind, randomized pilot study involved 80 patients with a history of asthma."
Brain Food - Safely Manage Depression with Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- From Life Extension Magazine's website - 09/07/06
More Americans suffer from depression today than ever before. Compelling new findings suggest that mental health disorders such as depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and schizophrenia may, in fact, reflect severe deficiencies of Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Although these essential fatty acids are critical in supporting healthy brain structure and function, they are shockingly scarce in the typical American diet.
Brazilian Guarana Intake Associated With Reduction In Metabolic Disorders:
Habitual ingestion of Guarana may reduce metabolic disorders including hypertension, obesity and metabolic syndrome ~

- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/02/11
According to new research conducted by Brazil’s Federal University of Santa Maria, regular consumption of Brazilian Guarana may have protective effects against various disorders associated Metabolic Syndrome.  Metabolic Syndrome includes a group of risk factors -  ageing, extra weight around waist (central or abdominal obesity), insulin resistance and high blood glucose, dyslipidemia (high blood cholesterol), high blood pressure - that occur together and increase the potential for coronary disease, stroke, kidney disease, liver disease, peripheral artery disease, Type-2 diabetes. The Guarana plant (Paullinia cupana), known for its high caffeine content, contains a variety of bioactive compounds, including tannins, saponins, catechins, epicatechins and proanthocyanidols.  Previous investigations have suggested that Brazilian Guarana positively affects lipid metabolism, enhances weight loss and increases basal energy expenditure.  Experimental models, in addition to in vitro assays, have described several biological effects that Guarana shares with Green Tea, including high antioxidant activity, antimicrobial effects and anti-carcinogenic properties. The current study findings, published in Phytotherapy Research, noted that catechins, caffeine and other xanthines present in Brazilian Guarana likely contribute to these results; however, the exact mechanism of action remains unclear.  The scientists analyzed the association between Brazilian Guarana consumption and its protective effects in an elderly population residing in Brazil’s Amazon Riverine region of Maues, an area traditionally and historically important for Guarana production.  Evidence has suggested that the native Satere Maues people were the first to farm Guarana.  Volunteers (aged 60 years or older) were included in the case-controlled study and classified into those who habitually ingested Brazilian Guarana and a control group who had never ingested Guarana, and the results showed a prevalence of metabolic disorders was negatively associated with Guarana intake.  The group that consumed Brazilian Guarana showed a lower prevalence of hypertension, obesity and metabolic syndrome than the control group.  Males who habitually ingested Guarana were, on average, found to have lower waist circumferences, whilst females in the Guarana group had lower cholesterol (total and LDL-cholesterol) levels than the control group.  However, the prevalence of Type-2 diabetes was found to be identical between the habitual intake and ‘never ingested’ populations.  The scientists concluded that the results indicate that there is a protective effect associated with regular Brazilian Guarana ingestion and suggest that  further studies of Guarana consumption is important, in a manner similar to the investigation of other potentially beneficial foods, such as Green Tea, Soy and Red Wine, in larger population groups.  They added, “We believe that, despite the methodological limitations, the results described in this study suggest that habitual Guarana ingestion contributes positively to the prevention of various metabolic disorders in the elderly.”
Britain warned that obesity epidemic will cause thousands more cases of cancer
- From CancerResearchUK.org's website - 12/05/06
New warnings are appearing that a rise in obesity levels will result in an increased number of cancer cases, according to recent studies conducted in Great Britain. "It is now well established that being overweight increases the risk of developing several types of cancer," explained Tim Key, Cancer Research UK epidemiologist. "The effects on breast and womb cancer are almost certainly due to the increased production of the hormone oestrogen in the fatty tissue.”
Broccoli and Co May Protect Women From Diabetes and Broccoli Can Reverse Diabetic Heart Damage, say researchers
- Both articles are from NutraIngredients.com's Research News Headlines; dated 06/26/08 and 08/08/08 respectively
In two separate studies, an increase in BROCCOLI and other green leafy vegetables (SPINACH, etc.), can be very helpful for diabetics.  In one case, it may lower women’s risk of developing Type-2 diabetes by almost ten per cent, and secondly, eating a diet rich in Brassica vegetables (BROCCOLI, CABBAGE, WATERCRESS, Brussels Sprouts, Kale, etc.) can reverse damage caused to the heart blood vessels of diabetics.  In a U. S. study from Tulane University, and published in the journal, Diabetes Care, researchers assert that one serving per day of green leafy vegetables reduces the risk of diabetes, and although the reduction is described as "modest," there is a growing body of evidence linking vegetable intake to reduction risk and improved overall health in diabetics. Worryingly, researchers also reported an increase in the risk of developing diabetes amongst women with high fruit juice consumption. In the United States, there are over twenty million people with diabetes and an estimated nineteen million in the European Union.

A British study from the University of Warwick states that a sulfur compound in BROCCOLI (sulforaphane) has significant health benefits for diabetic patients by doubling the activation of nrf2, a protein that is beneficial to blood vessel health, even those damaged by hyperglycemia.  Moreover there was a seventy-three percent reduction of Reactive Oxygen Species (commonly known as free radicals), which have been known to increase by as much as 300 percent in diabetics.  The study suggests that sulforaphane in Broccoli may counter the development of vascular disease in diabetes.

Read both these articles for important information relating to Diabetic health and then click to Broccoli, Cabbage, Watercress and Spinach for further facts about these vegetable supplements.

Broccoli and Plantain Could Fight Crohn's Disease:
- From The Telegraph website's Health section - 08/26/10
Eating Broccoli and plantain (the cooking banana) shows potential to reduce the effects of Crohn's disease ~ Research from Britain's University of Liverpool suggests that dietary supplementation with soluble plant fibers could reduce the effects of Crohn’s disease, whilst commercial emulsifiers in processed foods could be exacerbating the problem.  Soluble fiber might have a beneficial effect by blocking adhesion to the intestinal lining of potentially harmful bacteria. The new research, which was published in the British Medical Journal, reports that Escherichia coli in gut mucosal M-cells is reduced by plantain and Broccoli soluble fibers, thus implying that dietarysupplementation with such fibers might have a protective effect against Crohn’s disease relapse by preventing bacterial invasion of the mucosa.  Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, in which the intestines can become painfully inflamed, causing diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting and weight loss.  Now scientists have found that certain types of soluble fiber may help prevent bacteria from sticking to the gut's walls, and hence reduce the progress of the disease. The research showed that it was only certain types of soluble fiber that were effective: Soluble fiber from plantain and Broccoli had a marked effect. Soluble fiber from leeks and apples did not.  Bananas from the same plantain (musaceae) family (not the herbal Plantain of the plantago family), were also likely to be beneficial but contain less soluble fiber, so people would have to consume more, and fibrous material like corn on the cob can worsen Crohn's disease by damaging the gut lining. Crohn’s disease is common in developed nations where the typical diet is low in fiber and high in processed food. Its incidence has been rising, with diet believed to be linked to higher prevalence in industrialized countries. Researchers reported that parts of the world - like as Africa, India and Central America - where plantains form an important part of the staple diet have low rates for inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease.  The researchers conclude that intervention studies are needed to assess the effects of dietary changes in soluble plant fiber and emulsifier intake on Crohn’s disease activity.
Broccoli Extract May Protect Skin From Harmful UV ~ Extracts from Broccoli sprouts may protect the skin from effects of UV radiation and reduce the risk of skin cancer:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 04/09/10
According to new research from Johns Hopkins University, hairless mice developed twenty-five percent fewer skin tumors following exposure to UV radiation and fed BROCCOLI extract for thirteen weeks, compared with mice receiving a standard protective agent.  After a further thirteen weeks, the researchers noted an inhibition in the development of skin tumors, with the incidence of skin cancer reduced by twenty-five percent.  The findings, published in Photochemistry & Photobiological Sciences, also noted that any tumors, which did develop in the Broccoli-fed mice were seventy percent smaller and noted that if additional studies can repeat the results, particularly in humans, it may see skin protection against cancer added to the long list of potential health benefits of Broccoli and its extracts. The tissue of cruciferous vegetables, like Broccoli, cauliflower, CABBAGE and Brussels sprouts, contain high levels of the active plant chemicals that are metabolized by the body into isothiocyanates, which are known to be powerful anti-carcinogens, and the main isothiocyanate from Broccoli is sulphoraphane.
Broccoli Extract's Heart Health Benefits Pinpointed? A compound found in cruciferous vegetables like Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower and Brussels Sprouts may protect arteries from disease by boosting a natural defense mechanism –
- From NutraIngredients-usa.com - 09/07/09
Researchers from Imperial College National Heart and Lung Institute, London, report that sulforaphane, a compound most widely associated with BROCCOLI, may activate a protein called Nrf2 in arteries, according to findings published in Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.  While Nrf2 is normally protective, in areas of arteries that are susceptible to disease, it was found to be inactive:  The innermost layer of cells at branches and bends of arteries appear to lack the active form of Nrf2, which may explain why they are prone to inflammation and disease.  But when the disease-prone regions of the arteries were exposed to the natural compound sulforaphane, a reactivation of Nrf2 was observed and reduced inflammation was observed, indicating that the cells’ ability to protect themselves from becoming inflamed was restored. Because sulforaphane is found naturally in Broccoli, the next tests will investigate whether simply eating Broccoli has the same protective effect and whether the compound can reduce the progression of disease in affected arteries. Previously, the potential benefits of Broccoli and sulforaphane have focused on anti-cancer effects, with epidemiological studies showing that diets high in cruciferous vegetables result in fewer instances of certain cancers, especially lung, colon, breast, ovarian and bladder cancer. The tissues of cruciferous vegetables contain high levels of active plant chemical glucosinolates, which are metabolized by the body into isothiocyanates - known to be powerful anti-carcinogens. The main isothiocyanate from Broccoli is sulforaphane. The new research could lead to more targeted dietary or medical approaches to prevent or lessen disease that leads to heart attacks and and strokes.
Broccoli May Help Fight Skin Cancer: Natural compound shields against effects of UV rays
- From HealthDay News via ABCnews.com's Health section - 10/25/07
Scientists have discovered that an extract of Broccoli protects the skin against the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays. According to researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, cruciferous vegetables, such as Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, etc., contain a large quantity of a compound called sulforaphane, which has been shown to inhibit tumor development in animals.  Applying an extract of Broccoli, which contains particularly high levels of sulforaphane, to regions of human skin, you can protect them very substantially.  The researchers claim that this is the first demonstration of protection against a known human carcinogen in humans. The same thing happens with interferon, which is now used for melanoma; it boosts the natural killer cells. What's good for your diet may also guard against skin cancer.
Broccoli May Slow Down Effects of Ageing
- From the Daily Mail's Diet & Fitness section (www.dailymail.co.uk) - 03/10/08
Broccoli is known for its anticancer properties, but it could also boost the immune system in older people and slow down the effects of ageing.  According to new research from UCLA and published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, the sulforaphane found in cruciferous vegetables can activate a number of antioxidant genes and enzymes in immune cells. These prevent free radicals from damaging cells and contributing to the ageing process. As we age, the ability of the immune system to fight disease, infections and cancer wears down as a result of the impact of oxygen radicals on the immune system, and the sulforaphane has been capable of stimulating a wide range of antioxidant defense pathways that may interfere with the age-related decline in immune function.
Broccoli Sprouts May Prevent Stomach Cancer By Defeating Helicobacter Pylori: Study shows protective effect against bacteria linked to gastric problems
- From ScienceDaily.com's Science News section - 04/06/09
In an article published in the journal, Cancer Prevention Research, scientists from Cancer Chemoprotection Center at Johns Hopkins University have indicated that Broccoli sprouts may help tame the Helicobacter pylori bacteria, which is linked to stomach ulcers and even cancer.  BROCCOLI contains sulforaphane, previously found to act as an antibiotic, and the sprouts have a much higher concentration of sulforaphane than mature heads.  Sulforaphane is a natural biochemical that appears to trigger enzyme production in the gut that protects against oxygen radicals, DNA-damaging chemicals and inflammation and, according to the researchers, may help stave off some serious health problems, including a lot of gastric problems and perhaps even ultimately help prevent stomach cancer.  The World Health Organization classifies H. pylori as a carcinogen that thrives in the lining of the stomach and afflicts about half the world's population.  It has long been associated with gastritis stomach ulcers and treated with antibiotics; and it has long been known that sulforaphane is a potent antibiotic against H. pylori.  The fact that the levels of infection and inflammation were reduced with Broccoli suggests the likelihood that getting gastritis, ulcers and cancer may be reduced.  However, this is the first trial showing the effects of the compound on people.
Brown Seaweed May Be a Fat Fighter
- From HealthDay News via YourTotalHealth website's Heart Health section - 09/11/06
"The depths of the seas may harbor a compound that could fizzle fat away.  But don't don your scuba gear just yet. The compound, called fucoxanthin, isn't ready for prime time. Fucoxanthin is an antioxidant found in wakame, a type of brown kelp used in Asian cuisine.   Fucoxanthin burned fat in lab tests on rats and obese mice, prompting the rodents to lose weight, reports Kazuo Miyashita, PhD., and colleagues."
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Caffeine May Block High Cholesterol Linked to Alzheimer's: Its ability to stabilize blood-brain barrier may play role in neurological therapies
- From HealthDay News via USnews.com's Health section - 04/09/08
High levels of cholesterol are a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, perhaps by compromising the protective nature of the blood-brain barrier (BBB).  In an article published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation, researchers from the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences have shown that Caffeine protects the blood-brain barrier from cholesterol-induced leakage.  Caffeine appears to offer protection by helping to stop unwanted molecules from entering the central nervous system.  The findings also confirm previous studies showing that Caffeine protects against memory loss in ageing and in Alzheimer's disease. Caffeine is a safe and readily available drug, and its ability to stabilize the blood-brain barrier means it could have an important part to play in therapies against neurological disorders.  Caffeine may be found in Coffee Bean, Brazilian Guarana, and Kola Nut.
Caffeine May Ease Parkinson’s Symptoms ~
Canadian study suggests that people with Parkinson's disease might find symptom relief by consuming the caffeine in Coffee.
- From Canada's CBC News 08/01/12 and the journal, Neurology.
Caffeine May Lessen Exercisers' Muscle Pain
- From Reuters Health News - 04/08/09
Researchers from the University of Illinois have suggested that the Caffeine in a couple of cups of COFFEE before a tough workout may lower the chances of sore muscles later on.  The researchers found that young men who performed an intense bout of cycling had less muscle soreness when they took a pre-workout dose of Caffeine. What's more, the benefits were seen in both habitual Caffeine consumers and non-consumers. The findings add to evidence from earlier studies showing that Caffeine may help prevent that familiar muscle soreness that strikes during and after a particularly tough or new exercise routine. Caffeine may limit muscle pain by blocking the activity of a chemical called adenosine, which is released as part of the inflammatory response to injury and can activate pain. These latest findings suggest that Caffeine could be a safe way for exercisers to pre-empt muscle soreness, and exercisers might want to consider a shot of Caffeine before a particularly tough or new workout or if they are going to perform exercise that has left them with next-day soreness in the past.  You can find caffeine naturally in COFFEE BEAN, AFRICAN KOLA NUT and GUARANA.
Calcium/Vitamin D Slows Weight GainLess Postmenopausal Weight Gain When Women Get Enough Calcium:
- From WebMD.com's Health News - 05/14/07
Since obesity is an ever-increasing health problem (and perhaps just in time for summer -  and always in time for year round good health),  a new study claims that Calcium and Vitamin D supplements slow postmenopausal weight gain in women who aren't getting enough calcium. The finding comes from a detailed, seven-year study of more than 36,000 U.S. women aged 50 to 79, in which half the women took 1,000 milligrams of calcium and 400 international units (IU) of vitamin D every day; the other half took identical-looking, inactive placebo pills.

The study proved that even after menopause, when women tend to gain weight until their mid-sixties, the addition of calcium and vitamin D supplements slowed this weight gain -- particularly among women who weren't getting enough calcium to begin with. Women not taking enough calcium were getting the greatest benefit.  Even better is the fact that weight isn't the main reason to take calcium and vitamin D. Calcium supplements slow bone loss and cut a woman's risk of bone fracture after menopause and is vitally important for bone health. 

You can find supplemental calcium in CORAL CALCIUM, a wonderful way to provide the vital mineralthat is necessary for strong bones and needed every day for good health.

Can Coffee Ward Off Skin Cancer?
- From the Boston Globe website's Health news section - 03/02/09
With the incidence of skin cancers on the rise, it’s encouraging to hear that there is promising therapy in the ingredient found in America's favorite daily Coffee indulgence: caffeine.  In an article published in February’s Journal of Investigative Dermatology, and reported in the Boston Globe, researchers tested whether caffeine could protect human skin cells from high level ultra-violet radiation acquired from overexposure to sun’s damaging rays by placing cultured human skin cells in a caffeine bath and then exposing them to UV radiation.  They found that cells damaged by UV rays were subsequently destroyed by caffeine - a protective effect - because the damaged cells, if allowed to survive, could have become cancerous.  Skin cancer affects more than a million people in the United States annually and with increasing exposure to recreational sun activities, tanning-bed use and the loss of the ozone layer, the researchers tell us that the good news is that people who are drinking Coffee can go on enjoying it, knowing that there might be some protective effect.  Although the studies showed that caffeine effectively destroyed UV-damaged cultured human skin cells, the effect on human skin is not yet known.
Can Healthful Eating Save Your Eyes?
Antioxidant supplements could slow age-related macular degeneration
- From MSNBC > Health > Fitness > Nutrition Notes - 06/16/06
"Studies now suggest that the healthful eating habits recommended to lower your risk of cancer may also help prevent the most common cause of irreversible blindness that occurs among people in developed countries. Although age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is still not fully understood, experts say it may stem from damage caused by oxidation reactions."
Capsaicin, a Component of Red Peppers, Inhibits the Growth of Androgen-Independent, p53 Mutant Prostate Cancer Cells
- From the American Association for Cancer Research - 03/15/06
"Capsaicin is the major pungent ingredient in Red Pepper (Cayenne).  Here, we report that it has a profound antiproliferative effect on prostate cancer cells, inducing the apoptosis of both androgen receptor (AR)-positive (LNCaP) and -negative (PC-3, DU-145) prostate cancer cell lines associated with an increase of p53, p21, and Bax."
Chant 'Om' for Better Heart Health; Transcendental Meditation lowers insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome risk, study finds
- HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 06/13/06
"Meditation may do more than bring you inner peace; a new study claims it may improve your cardiovascular health by decreasing the risk of metabolic syndrome. In a study reported in the June 12, 2006, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine , researchers report that the practice of transcendental meditation can significantly decrease insulin resistance, lower blood pressure and decrease heart rate variability."
Chili Extract May Prevent Obesity Complications: Dietary intakes of capsaicin, the compound that gives red CAYENNE Pepper its heat, may prevent the development of diabetes-like symptoms in obese people -
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's News Headlines > Research section - 10/05/09
According to researchers from the University of Ulsan, South Korea, dietary capsaicin may reduce obesity-induced glucose intolerance by suppressing inflammatory responses and also enhancing fatty acid oxidation in adipose tissue and/or liver, both of which are important peripheral tissues affecting insulin resistance. Inflammation related to obesity is known to contribute to the development of a range of disorders, including Type-2 diabetes, heart disease, insulin resistance and fatty liver disease.  In the studies, animals were fed a high-fat diet and supplemented with capsaicin, which lowered fasting glucose, insulin and leptin levels and markedly reduced the impairment of glucose tolerance in the obese mice.  Markers of inflammation also fell significantly following capsaicin supplementation, in both fat tissue and the liver. Capsaicin is used in folk medicine as a remedy for rheumatism, and the humble red Cayenne pepper has also been in the news recently with research linking the spice to inhibiting the growth of pancreatic cancer cells, as well as a growing body of studies suggesting it may cut fat and energy intake when added to the diet. Additional studies are needed to examine if such effects could be repeated in humans.  Over 300m adults are obese worldwide, and if these results can be replicated in further studies, capsaicin may provide great value in the weight management supplements market.
Chilli Compound's Weight Benefits Pinpointed? Capsaicin, the compound gives red Chilli (Cayenne) Pepper its heat, may exert its benefits at the protein level to boost fat burning and energy production ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/03/10
According to new research from Korea’s Daegu University, obese lab rats supplemented with capsaicin, the active compound in Cayenne pepper (also called Chili or Chilli) had eight percent less body weight than control animals and displayed changes in levels of twenty proteins associated with obesity.  The findings, published in the Journal of Proteome Research, noted that these changes provide valuable new molecular insights into the mechanism of the anti-obesity effects of capsaicin and open new insights into the study and potential treatments for this pathology.  With 50 percent of Europeans and 62 percent of Americans classed as overweight, the food and nutrient industry is responding to the potential of natural supplements for weight loss and management.  Slimming ingredients can be divided into five mechanisms of action: boosting fat burning (thermogenesis); inhibiting protein breakdown; suppressing appetite/boosting satiety (feeling of fullness); blocking fat absorption; regulating mood (linked to food consumption).  Capsaicin is reported to boost heat generation by the body (thermogenesis), which means people burn more energy, and a 2007 laboratory study from the Taiwan’s National Chung Hsing University found that capsaicin can thus inhibit the growth of fat cells, while a 2009 human study with capsaicin, in combination with green tea extracts, found the action of sustained satiety/feeling of fullness.  The new study now suggests that the compound may also exert its benefits by triggering certain beneficial protein changes in the body.  Some of the proteins used in the animal model study have already been linked to human obesity, suggesting that the newly identified proteins should be further investigated for their potential importance in human obesity.
Chinese Herbs Can Relieve Menstrual Cramps - Study finds concoctions more effective than drugs, heat or acupuncture
- From Women's Health magazine via MSNBC.com's Health section - 10/17/07
A study involving nearly 3,500 women in China, the Netherlands, Taiwan and Japan, suggests that Chinese herbs might be more effective in relieving menstrual cramps than drugs, acupuncture or heat compression. Australia-based researchers said herbs not only relieved pain, but reduced the recurrence of the condition over three months, confirming superiority of Chinese herbal medicine over other treatments.  Some of the herbs include Chinese Angelica Root (Dong Quai), Szechuan Lovage Root, Red and White Peony Root, Chinese Motherwort, Fennel, Nut-Grass Rhizome, Licorice and Cinnamon Bark.  Read this important article, and if you suffer from menstrual cramps, it might be time to check out these herbs. Click the herb names in the paragraph above for more information on each one.
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Chinese remedy gets thumbs up
- BBC News Health Section - 11/12/98
"A Chinese remedy for breech births which involves burning a herb at the toe of a pregnant woman actually works, clinical tests have shown.  A study by Italian obstetrician and acupuncturist Dr. Francesco Cardini found that the remedy, known as moxibustion, was successful in preventing breech births."
Chlorella Shows Immune Boosting Potential ~
Short-term supplementation with Chlorella may boost immune parameters in healthy people
- From Nutrition Journal via NutraIngredients-USA.com - (click here for a direct link to abstract mentioned in main article) - 08/02/12
Chocolate Again Linked to Better Heart Health: Increased intakes of chocolate may decrease the risk of a heart attack victim from dying from heart-related problems -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 8/17/09
According to a study from Sweden’s Karolinska Institute, Uppsala University and the U. S. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre (Teaching Hospital of Harvard Medical School) and reported in the Journal of Internal Medicine, eating chocolate two or more times per week was associated with a sixty-six percent reduction in cardiac mortality, while less frequent consumption was also associated with smaller decreased risks.  It is said to be the first study to assess the possible effects of chocolate consumption on the prognosis of men and women following a heart attack and tracked 1,169 non-diabetic people hospitalised after their first heart attack up to eight years with the following stats: Consuming chocolate less than once per month, up to once per week and twice or more per week was associated with 27, 44, and 66 percent reductions in cardiac mortality, respectively. The health benefits of antioxidant-rich chocolate have received much recognition in recent years, with positive findings from a number of studies.  Recent news from Spain’s Universidad Complutense in Madrid indicated that consumption of a commercially available flavonoid-rich COCOA powder in chocolate may slash blood pressure and boost heart health.  The U.S.-Swedish study did not differentiate between the different types of chocolate, but some chocolate manufacturers are using high Cocoa content as a means of differentiation, since Cocoa has received attention for its potential in functional food applications.  The researchers concluded that although the findings support increasing evidence that chocolate is a rich source of beneficial bioactive compounds, confirmation…from other observational studies or…controlled randomized trials is needed.
Chocolate May Ease Migraines: Dietary supplements of Cocoa may repress inflammatory responses in the brain linked to migraines, suggest results from an animal study –
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's News Research > Headlines section - 09/17/09
Scientists from Missouri State University have reported that consuming a diet enriched with ten percent COCOA increased levels of anti-inflammatory compounds in the brain, as well as repressing levels of pro-inflammatory processes.  Millions of people worldwide suffer from migraines, with twice as many women as men affected by the complaint. The headaches are sometimes preceded by flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms or legs, or anxiety.  Sufferers generally experience a pounding sensation in one side of the head, and many undergo nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and noise. The symptoms are often severe and debilitating, lasting anywhere between four and seventy-two hours. The new results from animal studies, say the researchers, appear to be the first evidence for the use of Cocoa as a dietary supplement to cause an up-regulation of [anti-inflammatory proteins and cytokines], as well as repress acute and chronic inflammatory responses within trigeminal ganglia (which play a role in migraines).  Importantly, the data also provided evidence that Cocoa contains biologically active compounds that could be beneficial in the treatment of trigeminal-mediated diseases of the head and face.  Although this is an early animal study, it shows promise in helping researchers understand more about how migraine can be prevented and treated. The researchers concluded that Cocoa-enriched diets are able to repress the stimulated expression of proteins associated with the promotion and maintenance of inflammatory responses.
CHOCOLATE "OFFENDERS" TEACH SCIENCE A SWEET LESSON
Study helps explain heart benefits from daily - but small - dose of Chocolate
- From the Johns Hopkins Medicine website - 11/14/06
According to Diane Becker, M.P.H., Sc.D., a professor at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, a chemical in cocoa beans has a biochemical effect similar to aspirin in reducing platelet clumping, which can be fatal if a clot forms and blocks a blood vessel, causing a heart attack. As little as 2 tablespoons a day of dark chocolate - the purest form of the candy, made from the dried extract of roasted Cocoa Beans - may be just what the doctor ordered.
Chocolate Passes Clinical Trial Test for Artery and Heart Health: Daily supplements of a flavonoid-rich chocolate may reduce biochemical markers of arterial hardening and boost heart health, say results of a randomized controlled trial
- From NutraIngredients.com - 09/29/09
The health benefits of antioxidant-rich COCOA have received much recognition in recent years, with positive findings from a number of studies impacting consumer awareness.  According to research from the University of Barcelona in Spain, and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, consumption of antioxidant-rich chocolate containing 495 mg of polyphenols led to reductions in levels of inflammatory compounds, which contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.  All study participants, at an average age of 70, were deemed high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), since they were diabetic, smokers, hypertensive, obese and/or had raised LDL or low HDL cholesterol levels and a family history of early CHD.  The participants consumed either skim milk or skim milk plus Cocoa powder for four weeks, and the results showed that blood levels of biomarkers promoting inflammation were significantly lower following consumption of the Cocoa plus milk intervention than following consumption of the milk alone (read article below for trial details).  To date, few human trials have focused on the study of anti-inflammatory effects of Cocoa with mixed results, but the new findings suggest that regular consumption of nutritional doses of Cocoa may have an effect on all initial phases of the atherosclerotic process in subjects at high risk of CHD, and the anti-inflammatory effects may contribute to the overall benefits of Cocoa consumption against atherosclerosis.  Chocolate manufacturers are using high Cocoa content (over 70 percent) as a means of differentiation.
Chronically Ill Patients and Homeopathy – A recent European study found patients using homeopathic remedies over an eight year period showed substantial improvements in their physical and mental health:
- From BioMed Central Public Health - 12/17/08
A multicenter study that included 3,709 patients from 103 homeopathic primary care practices in Germany and Switzerland showed great improvements in conditions such as headache and allergic rhinitis in adults and atopic dermatitis and infections in children - but more significantly, in younger patients, females and those with the greatest disease severity at baseline. The authors did note that patients were allowed to use conventional and other complementary therapies during the course of the study and that the observed improvements cannot be attributed to homeopathic treatment alone.  Homeopathy is a highly debated, but often used, medical treatment, but the researchers’ conclusions indicated that patients who seek homeopathic treatment are likely to improve considerably, and these effects can be maintained for as long as eight years.
Abstract only: How healthy are chronically ill patients after eight years of homeopathic treatment? – Results from a long term observational study
Main Article: How healthy are chronically ill patients after eight years of homeopathic treatment? – Results from a long term observational study
Cinnamon's Anti-Diabetes Benefits Get Clinical Trial Boost:
A daily dose of two grams of Cinnamon may improve blood pressure measures and blood sugar levels ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/25/10
According to new research from Britain’s Imperial College, London, two grams of Cinnamon taken daily for twelve weeks may improve blood pressure measures and blood sugar levels in people with Type-2 diabetes.  The findings, which were published in Diabetic Medicine, assert that the two gram dose of Cinnamon administered in the randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial was safe and well tolerated over the twelve weeks of treatment, and the spice may thus be considered an interesting supplement to conventional diabetes medications.  The long-term tolerability and safety effects of Cinnamon have not been tested, both of which will need to be determined.  However, the researchers say the short-term effects of the use of Cinnamon for patients with Type 2 diabetes look promising.  The study adds to a growing body of research reporting that active compounds in Cinnamon may improve parameters associated with diabetes, and the study is the first clinical trial in the United Kingdom in a multiethnic population that has confirmed beneficial effects of Cinnamon on glycated hemoglobin and blood pressure in Type-2 diabetes patients.  At the end of the study the results indicated that the Cinnamon supplement was associated with a mean decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 3.4 and 5.0 mmHg, respectively.  In the United States almost 24 million people live with diabetes, equal to eight percent of the population, and the statistics are even more startling in the EU, where the projected number of people affected is set to increase to 26 million by 2030.
Cinnamon’s Secret Health Benefit - The popular spice can help regulate blood-glucose levels
- From EatingWell magazine (EatingWell.com) - 2007; posted here 1/11/08  
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition provides welcome news: Cinnamon can help you better regulate your blood-glucose levels.  In a Swedish study, scientists claimed that subjects who were given Cinnamon measured significantly lower blood-glucose levels than those in the study who did not receive it—an indication that their blood sugar was moving more efficiently into cells, where it’s used.  It also appeared to slow the movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine, slowing digestion, which may, in part, explain the lower blood sugar.  Finally, U.S.D.A. reports demonstrate that extracts of Cinnamon increase insulin activity, enhancing the breakdown of glucose, and improving blood sugar concentrations. Daily Cinnamon consumption may lead to dramatic reductions in blood sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides by as much as twenty percent. Read this important article and check out the benefits of Cinnamon on this site.
Cocoa Can Be 'Boost to Diabetics': The Key Ingredient is flavonol -
- From the BBC News website's Health Section - 05/26/08
A German study from University Hospital, Aachen, and reported in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, suggests that the key ingredients responsible for regaining healthy arterial function in patients with diabetes are chemicals called "flavanols."  COCOA naturally contains “flavanols,” antioxidant chemicals which are also found in some fruits and vegetables, GREEN TEA and RED WINE, and has been linked with health benefits by other studies.  In this study, diabetic patients with severely impaired arteries who drank specially formulated COCOA daily for a month regained normal function.  The ability of the vessels to expand… appeared to increase almost immediately.  Research leader, Dr. Malte Kelm, said that the flavanols could be working by increasing the production of nitric oxide, a body chemical which tells arteries to relax and widen, and results demonstrate that dietary flavanols might have an important impact as part of a healthy diet in the prevention of cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients.

But charity Diabetes UK said that consuming normal chocolate would not work.  The type of Cocoa used in the study cannot be found in the shops and is a version enriched with far higher concentrations of the chemicals.   It can, however, be found in botanical powder that has not been augmented with sugar.   (Click to read more information about healthy supplemental COCOA).

Cocoa Compounds May Ease Exercise-Related Heart Function ~ Consumption of a beverage rich in  Cocoa flavanols may boost blood flow to the muscles and ease the demands on the heart during exercising:
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/10/10
According to a new study from the University of South Australia, and published in the British Journal of Nutrition, overweight and obese people who consumed a high-flavanol COCOA beverage (supplied by Mars Botanicals) were able to reduce their blood pressure by fourteen percent after exercising, with a 68-percent lower diastolic pressure, compared to those who consumed low-flavonol beverages.  Furthermore, flow-mediated dilation, a measure of a blood vessel's healthy ability to relax, was increased by 6.1 percent in the high-flavonol group, compared with 3.4 percent in the low-flavanol group.  The scientists hope the findings will suggest that consumption of Cocoa flavonols would allow for safer and more efficient exercise performance in a high-risk population, thus placing less stress on the cardiovascular system during exercise.  The study adds to an ever-growing body of science supporting the cardiovascular benefits of consuming Cocoa flavanols, as indeed, only last month another study by the Australian scientists found that regular consumption of Cocoa flavanols at high doses can decrease blood pressure in people with mild hypertension.  The science focuses on the Cocoa in chocolate, not the chocolate itself, since the benefits revolve around the flavanols (also known as catechins) of the Cocoa Bean and particularly the monomeric flavanol (-)epicatechin.  The researchers note that the results of the present study provide new evidence that consumption of Cocoa flavanols can improve vasodilation, calm blood pressure responses to exercise and especially benefit individuals with cardiovascular risk factors.
Cocoa-The Newest Skin Saver?
- From the Bastyr Center for Natural Health - 06/22/06
"Chocoholics, Take Heart: A new study suggests that a chemical from Cocoa protects skin from the damaging effects of sun exposure and prevents the skin from ageing."
Coffee Could Help Cut Prostate RiskDrinking Coffee could help to cut the risk of advanced prostate cancer, a US study suggests.
- From the BBC News website's Health > Medical Notes section - 12/08/09
Recent research from Harvard Medical School, and presented to the American Association for Cancer Research, indicated that the heaviest consumers of Coffee had a sixty-percent lower risk of aggressive tumors than men who did not drink any Coffee.  COFFEE BEAN has an effect on the way the body breaks down sugar and also on sex hormone levels - both of which have been linked to prostate cancer.  The scientists wrote that very few lifestyle factors have been consistently associated with prostate cancer risk, especially with risk of aggressive disease, so it would be very exciting if this were confirmed in other studies. The researchers are unsure which components of Coffee might have a positive effect, but it is known to contain many biologically active compounds, such as minerals and antioxidants, which limit damage to the tissues caused by the release of energy in cells.  The study documented the Coffee intake for nearly 50,000 men every four years from 1986 to 2006.  Although a number of other studies looking at Coffee and prostate cancer have found that drinking Coffee does not affect the risk of prostate cancer, the scientists stress that more work is needed before any firm conclusion can be drawn about the beneficial effects of Coffee.  But, at the very least, the results do suggest there is no reason to stop drinking Coffee out of any concern about prostate cancer.
Coffee Could Help Keep Diabetes Away
- From HealthDay News via HealingWell.com - 06/26/06
"Monday, June 26 (HealthDay News) - Drinking lots of Coffee cut women's risk of developing diabetes in an 11-year study, researchers report.  But it was the antioxidants, not caffeine, in the brew that probably did the trick."
Coffee May Offer Bowel Cancer Protection: Study ~
Consumption of four or more cups of coffee per day may be associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer, suggests new data.
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 09/04/12
Coffee May Protect Against Oral Cancers
- From Reuters Health (www.reuters.com; Health section) - 01/06/09
New research from Tohoku University, in Japan, and published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, indicates that drinking Coffee lowers the risk of developing cancer of the oral cavity or throat. To study the protective effect of Coffee Bean, researchers analyzed population data that included information about diet, including coffee consumption, and found that people who drank one or more cups per day had half the risk of developing cancer of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus, compared with people who did not consume Coffee.  Perhaps more importantly, the investigators noted that the reduction in risk included people who are at high risk for these cancers, namely, those who were current drinkers and/or smokers at the start of the study.  The researchers claimed that they did not expect to observe such a substantial inverse association with Coffee consumption and the risk of these cancers and concluded that although cessation of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking is currently the best known way to help reduce the risk of developing these cancers, Coffee could be a preventive factor in both low-risk and high-risk populations.
Coffee May Reverse Alzheimer's: Drinking five cups of Coffee a day could reverse memory problems seen in Alzheimer's disease, US scientists say.
- From BBC News website's Health News > Medical Notes section - 07/05/09
Research from the University of South Florida indicates that caffeine hampers the production of the protein plaques (beta amyloid), which forms destructive clumps in the brain and are the hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease.  The Florida research, carried out on mice, indicated that the animal brains given caffeine showed nearly a fifty percent reduction in levels of beta amyloid protein. The study confirmed previous research indicating that caffeine could delay Alzheimer's disease and even protect against the onset of memory problems. The team leader said the results are particularly exciting in that a reversal of pre-existing memory impairment is more difficult to achieve, and the team now hopes to begin human trials to see if findings are replicated in people.  This is important because caffeine is a safe drug for most people, easily entering the brain, and apparently directly affecting the disease process. The research provides evidence that caffeine could be a viable 'treatment' for established Alzheimer's disease and not simply a protective strategy.
COFFEE: The New Health Food?
Plenty of health benefits are brewing in America's beloved beverage.

- From WebMD.com's Men's Health Section's Featured Stories on Men's Health - 03/04/05
Want a drug that could lower your risk of diabetes, Parkinson's disease and colon cancer? That could lift your mood and treat headaches? That could lower your risk of cavities? If it sounds too good to be true, think again. Coffee, the much maligned but undoubtedly beloved beverage, just made headlines for possibly cutting the risk of the latest disease epidemic, Type-2 diabetes. And the real news seems to be that the more you drink, the better.
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Coffee's Anti-Diabetes Benefit Strengthens ~ Regular Coffee drinking may reduce levels of inflammatory markers linked to diabetes, according to new findings:
- From NutraIngredient's.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/16/10
COFFEE is one of the richest sources of polyphenols in the Western diet and its extracts have come under increasing study with research linking it to reduced risk of diabetes, cholesterol and improved liver health.  According to new research from Germany, Finland and Denmark, daily Coffee consumption can lower cholesterol levels and blood levels of inflammatory compounds leading to diabetes.  Writing in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the scientists also note that Coffee consumption appears to favorably affect some markers of subclinical inflammation and oxidative stress; and because subclinical inflammation is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes, the results suggest one mechanism that could reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes among habitual Coffee drinkers.  Following Coffee consumption, levels of the pro-inflammatory interleukin-18 and 8-isoprostane (a marker of oxidative stress) decreased by eight and sixteen percent, respectively. The study represents the first intervention trial to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Coffee and to develop and test Coffee-derived compounds in plasma as biomarkers during long-term consumption.  However, it follows on the heels of recent research conducted among Native Americans which suggested that consuming a great deal of daily Coffee may reduce the risk of diabetes by an impressive 67 percent.  That research thought that the magnesium content in Coffee may also play a role in the potential reduction in the risk of Type 2 diabetes.  The current research also detected improvements in cholesterol levels following the third month, with total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol increased by twelve, seven and four percent, respectively, and ratios of LDL (bad) to HDL (good) cholesterol decreased by eight percent.
Colon Cancer Curbed by High-Selenium Broccoli
- From the USDA website's News & Events - June 2000; Last updated 8/13/04
High-selenium Broccoli may be the best source of an anticancer agent. Broccoli stores selenium in a form known as selenium methyl selenocysteine, or SeMSC. The body simply snips the end off this amino acid to produce the anticancer agent—methyl selenol.
The Colors of Health: Eat these five hues every day to get all the age-fighting antioxidants you need
- From Prevention magazine via MSN Health & Fitness - 2007; posted here 12/28/07; link updated 12/11/12
The secret to youthful skin, healthy bones, sharp memory and disease prevention can be found in the antioxidant compounds found in a colorful diet. These compounds reduce overall cellular damage and prevent the hardening of the arteries that can lead to heart disease, stroke and even memory loss.  “Every hue—green, yellow, orange, red, purple, and even white—signifies a different class of nutrients, each of which offers a unique benefit," according to USDA research chemist, Ronald Prior, PhD, who was among the first researchers to measure the antioxidants in food that protect us as we age.  Read this article to find which fruits and vegetables contain highest antioxidants and check out some comparable botanical supplements too.
Combined Inhibitory Effects of Curcumin and Phenethyl Isothiocyanate on the Growth of Human PC-3 Prostate Xenografts in Immunodeficient Mice
- From the American Association for Cancer Research - 01/15/06
"Earlier studies using prostate cancer cells in culture showed that phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) and Curcumin (Turmeric) have significant chemopreventive and possibly chemotherapeutic effects. However, their in vivo effects are still lacking. Hence, this study was undertaken to determine the possible in vivo efficacy of prostate cancer-prevention as well as cancer-therapeutic treatment by PEITC and curcumin alone or in combination."
Common Fibre a 'True Superfood' A fibre found in most fruit and vegetables may help ward off cancer, experts believe:
- From BBC News website's Health section - 10/11/08
Using hi-tech microscopes, researchers from the Institute of Food Research in Great Britain claim that PECTIN, a fibre found in many fruits and vegetables may inhibit a cancer-causing protein called Gal3, and the ongoing studies suggest that the pectin helps to fight the disease. The team is still carrying out more research into this area but said there was enough evidence to point to cancer-protecting properties in many types of fruit and vegetables. The amount of pectin in fruit and vegetables varies with APPLES and ORANGES having particularly high amounts and strawberries and grapes low. We hear so much about 'superfoods' such as BLUEBERRY and SPINACH, which are linked to a host of benefits.
Common roots for thousands of plant compounds found by scientists
- MedicalNewsToday.com's Complimentary/Alternative Medicine, January 21, 2005
"Just one cellular pathway produces the raw ingredients plants use to make thousands of compounds, from molecules with anticancer properties to the active ingredient in catnip, according to a team of researchers at Purdue University and the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology."
Complementary, Alternative Medicine Use High And Varied In Treating Middle Ear Infection In Israeli Children
- From Medical News Today's Complementary/Alternative Medicine News - 05/30/06
"Israeli researchers have found that slightly more than half of children admitted to a major treatment facility for acute otitis media have received alternative and complementary therapy. The most common therapy received was various immune boosting national preparations containing Echinacea purpurea, despite the fact that no evidence exists proving that this product is effective against this common pediatric medical disorder."
Compounds from Green Tea may lead to stronger bones by promoting bone formation, while also inhibiting bone resorption, which leads to weakening, suggests a new cell study
- From NutraIngredients.com - 08/06/09
Research from the University of Hong Kong, and published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, indicates that GREEN TEA compounds, epigallocatechin (EGC), gallocatechin (GC), and gallocatechin gallate (GCG) promote bone formation with EGC producing the greatest bone-boosting potential. GREEN TEA contains between thirty and forty percent of water-extractable polyphenols, while BLACK TEA (Green Tea that has been oxidized by fermentation) contains between three and ten percent.  The present study illustrated that the Green Tea catechins, EGC in particular, had positive effects on bone metabolism through a double process of promoting osteoblastic activity and inhibiting osteoclast differentiations.  Osteoblasts are cells responsible for bone formation, while osteoclasts are cells which break down bone, leading to resorption and weakening.  The new study is consistent with data from previous epidemiological studies, i.e., a 2007 study (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition) reported that bone mineral density levels were 2.8 percent greater in tea drinkers than non-tea drinkers, suggesting the beverage has the potential to aid in the prevention of osteoporosis.  Osteoporosis is currently second only to cardiovascular disease in terms of global healthcare, with the number of sufferers increasing steadily with growing numbers of elderly living longer, and obesity adding extra strain on bones.
Compounds in Curry, Onions May Help Prevent Colon Cancer
- From Foodconsumer.org's D.iet & H.ealth: C.ancer Section - 08/01/06
"Hopkins study shows combination of Curcumin and Quercetin greatly reduces size and number of colorectal polyps. A small but informative clinical trial by Johns Hopkins investigators shows that a pill combining chemicals found in Turmeric, a spice used in Curries, and Onions reduces both the size and number of precancerous lesions in the human intestinal tract."
Could Foods Help Prevent Ovarian Cancer? Flavonoids Found in Tea, Veggies, Fruits and Beans Could Lower Risk
- From MSNBC.com's Health/Diet and nutrition/Nutrition Notes section - 03/14/08
Ovarian cancer often has no symptoms in early stages and is frequently diagnosed at a more advanced stage, resulting in poorer survival rates than other cancers, but a new study suggests that diets high in certain flavonoid compounds found in vegetables, fruits, beans and tea may significantly lower a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.  Flavonoids are a large family of antioxidant compounds and are part of a plant’s natural defense system that helps the plant fight off disease and infection, and research suggests these compounds could help prevent a variety of diseases in humans — including cancer — by protecting cells from DNA damage.  For example, Kaempferol (a flavonoid found in Tea, Broccoli, Kale, and Spinach) and Luteolin (in Peppers, Carrots, Cabbage, and Celery) were both identified as cancer protective, and women who consumed the most of these two flavonoids were less likely to develop ovarian cancer; and participants who consumed high levels of a third phytochemical, Myricetin (in Tea, Beans, Raisins, and Blueberries), also seemed somewhat protected. Scientists believe some flavonoids may also deter cancer development by helping to regulate cell growth and fight inflammation or by changing hormone levels.
Could Mushrooms Be Cancer Fighters? The fleshy fungi is solidifying its place among the ranks of cancer-fighting plant foods.
- From the American Institute for Cancer Research website - article not dated; posted here 01/30/09
The cancer-protective benefits of vegetables like GARLIC, BROCCOLI and TOMATO are well known in the scientific community. Now, emerging evidence suggests that mushrooms may soon be included among the cancer-fighting plant foods. Human studies are just beginning, but laboratory studies suggest several ways that mushrooms may inhibit cancer development. Previously published research has shown that mushroom extract can decrease tumor cell growth in mice, and scientists speculate that natural compounds in mushrooms inhibit proteins that stimulate the production of estrogen, which can promote growth of some cancers, including breast cancer.  Mushrooms might also help prevent cancer by providing natural antioxidant compounds that help neutralize free radicals (naturally occurring chemicals that can damage cells' DNA and initiate the cancer process) and help to repair damage that has already occurred.  In some laboratory studies, mushrooms displayed even more antioxidant power than Tomatoes and Carrots.  One antioxidant compound that gets a lot of attention, ergothionene, is found most readily in Shiitake, Maitake, Reishi, Portabella and other exotic mushrooms, but white mushrooms are still an important source, and also contain other antioxidant compounds called polyphenols, which fight cell damage and inflammation. All are also significant sources of the antioxidant mineral selenium.  In addition to enzyme inhibition and antioxidant activity, other laboratory studies suggest that mushrooms might protect against cancer by acting through the immune system.  Animal studies have shown that ingestion of dried white mushrooms increased immune function that has been linked to cancer protection. Scientists suggest that beta-glucans, a type of soluble dietary fiber in mushrooms, may somehow stimulate the protective immune function.
Cranberries May Help Prevent Urinary Tract Infections; Their high acid content inhibits bacterial growth, experts say
- From HealthDay News via MSN Health & Fitness's Diseases & Conditions section - 11/27/08
While Thanksgiving dinner may be a distant memory, don’t think of Cranberry only for holiday feasts.  Cranberry should be an important part of everyone’s diet, because continued and consistent research indicates that it can help protect you against urinary tract infections (UTIs).  According to the American Urological Association, the high acid content in Cranberry - long used as a home remedy for simple urinary tract infections (UTIs) - helps inhibit bacterial growth along the urinary tract.  UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply in the urethra, causing the lining of the urethra to become red and irritated.  Left unchecked, bacteria from an infection in the urethra can move deeper into the urinary tract to the bladder and kidneys.  Kidney infections are dangerous and can lead to life-threatening conditions, such as bacteremia (bacteria in the bloodstream) if not treated.   Click here to read this important article and don’t forget to look into natural therapy with Cranberry extract.
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Cranberry Could Juice Up Ovarian Cancer Treatment - In lab experiments, Cranberry boosted drugs' killing power six-fold
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 08/21/07
Gulping down a glass of Cranberry juice might greatly boost an ovarian cancer patient's sensitivity to chemotherapy, a new study suggests. In laboratory experiments, pre-treating ovarian tumor cells bumped up the cancer-killing power of drugs six-fold, researchers say.  In findings presented at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the preliminary experiments could offer a new option for patients whose ovarian cancer has become resistant to treatment.  According to Ajay P. Singh, a chemist in the Department of Plant Biology and Plant Pathology at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, "We don't consider them to be a drug, but Cranberries are already very well known to have antioxidants that boost the immune system and body strength, prevent urinary tract infection and help fight cardiovascular disease…and now, we found that they actually increase sensitivity to chemo several-fold.”
Curried Cauliflower Effective Against Prostate Cancer
- From the Environment News Service website - 01/16/06
"Turmeric, the mild spice that gives curry its deep yellow color, appears to have good potential for the treatment and prevention of prostate cancer, particularly when combined with certain vegetables, Rutgers University scientists have discovered."
Curry Spice “Kills Cancer Cells” - An extract found in the bright yellow Curry spice, Turmeric - can kill off cancer cells, scientists have shown:
- From the BBC News website's Health > Medical Notes section - 10/28/09
Researchers at Ireland’s University College, Cork, Cancer Research Centre have found that an extract found in the Curry spice TURMERIC (also called CURCUMIN) can kill off cancer cells.  The chemical - Curcumin - has long been thought to have healing powers and has already been tested as a treatment for arthritis and even dementia.  Now, the findings of lab tests that were published in the British Journal of Cancer have demonstrated that Curcumin can destroy gullet cancer cells, and the research team found that this natural remedy started to kill cancer cells within twenty-four hours.  Furthermore, the cells also began to digest themselves, after the Curcumin triggered lethal cell death signals.  The research opens up the possibility that natural chemicals found in Turmeric could be developed into new treatments for oesophageal cancer.
Curry Spice May Thwart Heart Failure: Curcumin, found in the Curry spice, Turmeric, shows promise in preliminary tests on rats
- From WebMD.com's WebMD Medical News - 02/26/08
In two separate studies conducted at the National Hospital Organization in Kyoto, Japan, and the University of Toronto's cardiology division, researchers found that Curcumin, the active compound found in the Curry spice, Turmeric Root, may help prevent heart failure; and in one of the studies, the researchers saw signs that Curcumin also reversed heart enlargement. Although positive, it is too soon to conclude that Curcumin prevents heart failure in humans. Turmeric-Curcumin is already the subject of much intense research at by Rutgers University and Johns Hopkins for the treatment and prevention of prostate and colon cancer.  Read this important article, and don’t forget to link to herbs to check out their health benefits.
The Dangers Of Unregulated Chinese Herbal Therapy Highlighted By Doctors
- From Medical News Today's Complementary and Alternative Medicine News Section - 07/24/06
"Chris Laing, Sally Hamour (Whittington Hospital, London, UK), and colleagues describe the diagnosis and treatment of a thirty-year-old Chinese man who was referred to their kidney clinic in July 2003 after passing blood in his urine.  The patient had been taking the Chinese herb, Longdan Xieganwan, to 'enhance' his liver for at least five years...Longdan Xieganwan contains Caulis aristolochia manshuriensis, in which aristolochic acid is an active ingredient.  One study linked cumulative doses of aristolochic acid exceeding 200g with bladder cancer."
Dark Chocolate Could Be Beneficial To Liver PatientsEating dark chocolate reduces damage to the blood vessels of cirrhotic patients and also lowers blood pressure in the liver
- From ConfectioneryNews.com's Headlines > Markets section - 04/16/10
Research conducted earlier this year in Spain indicated that there is a clear association between eating dark chocolate and portal hypertension.  Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver as a result of long-term, continuous damage by oxidative stress and reduced antioxidant systems, but eating dark chocolate inhibited the traditional post-meal increase in abdominal blood pressure, which can reach dangerous levels in cirrhotic patients and, in severe cases, lead to blood vessel rupture.  The study of patients with end-stage liver disease found those given a meal containing 85-percent COCOA dark chocolate had a markedly smaller rise in blood pressure in the liver, or portal hypertension, than those given white chocolate, indicating  that Cocoa’s antioxidants – Cocoa flavonoids - help the smooth muscle cells of the blood vessels to relax and widen.  The data also indicated that dark chocolate’s Cocoa flavonoids may exert additional beneficial effects throughout the whole body.  In comparison, white chocolate, which is devoid of Cocoa flavanols and has no beneficial 'phytochemicals', did not result in the same beneficial effects.  The study, which was endorsed by  the European Association for the Study of Liver and its vice president from London’s Imperial College, adds to an ever-growing body of science supporting the health benefits of consuming Cocoa flavonoids, including another, earlier study by German researchers, published in the European Heart Journal, that found those who ate an average of 7.5 grams of dark chocolate a day had lower blood pressure and a 39 percent lower risk of having a heart attack or stroke, compared to those who ate the least amount.
Dark Chocolate Could Prevent Heart Problems in High-Risk People ~
Consumption of dark chocolate could help to shrink the risk of heart disease in people with metabolic syndrome.
- From Science Daily - 05/31/12; read the following supplemental information from: British Medical Journal
Dark Chocolate May Protect DNA From Damage:  Consumption of polyphenol-rich dark chocolate may protect DNA from oxidative damage, preventing artery hardening and heart disease ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 12/04/09
According to a new study from Italy’s University of Milan, scientists report that consumption of dark chocolate led to a twenty percent reduction in DNA damage two hours after consumption. The study adds to an ever growing body of science supporting the cardiovascular benefits of epicatechin and polyphenol-rich COCOA.  Writing in the British Journal of Nutrition, the researchers detailed results involving healthy subjects with an average age of 24.2, who consumed a balanced diet for four weeks.  After two weeks the group was split in two, with one group receiving additional dark chocolate, while the other received white chocolate.  Measurements taken at regular intervals after consumption showed that the benefits were observed relatively quickly, with increases in blood levels of catechin observed two hours after consumption of the dark chocolate, with coincidental decreases in DNA damage in mononuclear blood cells. The researchers wrote that the results are clinically encouraging especially in the field of the diet therapy of obesity, pathology related to greater incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Dark Chocolate May Reduce Cholesterol Levels For People With Diabetes
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 10/20/10
Recent research from England’s University of Hull and the Hull York Medical School found that dark chocolate with a high Cocoa content may offer a potential reduction in cardiovascular risk without detrimental risks on weight, insulin resistance or glycæmic control.  The findings, which were published in Diabetic Medicine, indicated that cholesterol levels fell in the group individuals with Type-2 diabetes over a period of sixteen weeks who were given dark chocolate bars rich in polyphenols (containing 85 percent Cocoa solids).  According to the university, people with Type-2 diabetes are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease, in view of the fact that one of the main contributory factors to heart disease is a low level of HDL or ‘good’ cholesterol.  The researchers claim that chocolate has a low glycæmic index, meaning that the glucose released into the blood from the sugars happens very slowly - much slower than bread or potatoes.  The university stated that this is the first study to report on the effects of giving chocolate to subjects with diabetes, and a spokesperson for the research team added that this had been a small trial and the results should not be over-interpreted, since further work to establish the effect in a larger number of patients will be required before this could be recommended to all patients - adding that this study does show that chocolate in moderation is not harmful and may have additional benefits. The team said that it is currently completing a number of further studies using more subjects, such as the impact of chocolate on vascular health in participants with diabetes, stating that the results of these studies will be available shortly.
Diet Changes Could Curb Bedwetting
- From HealthDay News via HealingWell.com - 04/23/06
"Sunday, April 23 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly thirty percent of U.S. school-aged children regularly wet the bed, but some simple changes in what they eat and drink can help solve the problem, experts say."
Doctor touts benefits of drinking Green Tea
- From the Milford Mirror via TeaForHealth.com - 08/17/06
A Trumbull physician says drinking the right kind of tea in the right amount can do much more, even protect consumers from certain types of cancers.  Dr. Sin Hang Lee, a cancer pathologist at Milford Hospital, recently delivered a scientific presentation at the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) World Cancer Congress, titled "Green Tea as Medicine to Fight Cancer."
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A Drink to Your Health - Sorting Out the Red Wine Rumors: What have you heard through the grapevine?
- From the MSN Health & Fitness > Diseases & Conditions section - Article not dated; posted here 11/30/07
Red Wine lovers can often be heard opining about health claims as they tip another glassful. Some of it is myth, some of it is hope, but some of the claims have gained credibility thanks to solid scientific evidence. The antioxidants (polyphenols) in red wine (from the grape skins) are believed to help fight heart disease and possibly other conditions, and  Red Wine’s resveratrol has become the crown jewel of antioxidant study, both in research labs and the media. Resveratrol may have strong positive effect in warding off disease, bolstering the immune system and slowing the effects of ageing.
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Drinking Coffee Can Lower Women’s Stroke Risk:
- From HealthDay News via USNews.com's Health section - 02/16/09
In the previous weeks, we’ve been discussing how Coffee may help decrease the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and prevent oral cancers, and this week, we have the latest research from Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, telling us that Two or More Cups a Day Boosts Protection Against Women’s Stroke - for Nonsmokers:  According to the latest Harvard research, published in the March 3d issue of Circulation, drinking COFFEE appears to lower the risk for stroke among women, with more consumption as more protection. Healthy women who consumed two or three cups of caffeinated coffee a day had, on average, a 19% lower risk for stroke than did women who drank less than one cup a month.  The data also suggested that Coffee might also offer some protection against diabetes, while not raising the risk for heart trouble.  Although many people have been concerned that Coffee might be a risk factor for stroke, the study indicated that it may be beneficial, rather than detrimental. However, smoking appears to negate any long-term benefits from Coffee.  In studying the Smoking/Coffee link, the evidence was striking:  Among women who never smoked or had smoked but quit, drinking four or more cups of Coffee a day conferred a 43 percent reduced risk for all types of stroke.  However, among smoking women with similar Coffee habits, stroke risk fell by just three percent. It remains unclear what specific aspect of Coffee plays the principal role in stroke risk reduction, because researchers noted that caffeinated tea and soft drinks carried no similar benefit - implying that some other component in the Coffee Bean, apart from caffeine, might provide the protective effect. Although an early and unconfirmed finding, the data is very convincing, so women can continue to enjoy their Coffee and focus on other things to reduce stroke risk, such as engaging in more physical activity, reducing salt intake, eating a Mediterranean diet and stopping smoking.
Drinking Coffee May Extend Life - Study Suggests (but doesn't prove) Link Between Coffee and Longer Life
- From WebMD.com's Heart Health Center - 06/16/08
Coffee drinkers, rejoice!  While you might be using it for a "pick-me-up," COFFEE may also be extending your life, as new research suggests that drinking Coffee, even in large amounts, might help you live longer. The evidence pointing to health benefits for coffee continue to grow, with studies linking regular consumption to a decreased risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and even health conditions like Parkinson's disease and colon cancer in healthy people.  Among women, drinking two to three cups of Coffee a day was associated with an 18% reduction in death from all causes, while drinking four to five cups was associated with a 26% reduction in risk. The risk reduction in men was smaller and could have been due to chance. The studies, conducted by the University of Madrid and Harvard University, also analyzed previous data from the American Heart Association, which suggested that Coffee may be associated with increased risk for heart attack and stroke in people who already have heart disease.  Thus, the findings do not prove that Coffee is protective, but they strongly suggest that drinking Coffee in large amounts is not harmful and can be protective if you are healthy.
Drinking Cups of Tea and Coffee 'Can Prevent Diabetes' ~Tea and Coffee drinkers have a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, a large body of evidence shows:
- From BBC News website's Health section - 12/15/09
Scientists from Australia’s University of Sydney, claim that drinking TEAS and COFFEE, whether decaffeinated or not, lowers the risk of Type 2 diabetes.   Three to four cups a day appeared to offer some protection, but the authors found that each additional cup of Coffee consumed daily cut diabetes risk by seven percent. In eighteen separate studies involving nearly 500,000 people, the data revealed that three or four cups of Coffee or Tea a day cut their risk by a fifth or more.  The findings, which were published in the Archives of Internal Medicine also suggest that the protection may not be founded on caffeine, since the same amount of decaffeinated coffee had the greatest effect - lowering risk by a third.  However, other compounds in Coffee and Tea, including antioxidants, magnesium, etc., may be involved. Type 2 diabetes usually starts after the age of forty and develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when it’s not working properly.  It is treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity, plus possible medication and/or insulin. If the findings prove true, doctors may well start advising people to put on the kettle, as well as take more exercise and watch their weight, say the researchers. The authors concluded that the identification of the active components of Coffee and Tea would open up new therapeutic pathways for the primary prevention of diabetes mellitus.
Drinking Green Tea May Fight Prostate Cancer - Men who consume 5 cups a day or more could halve risk, study finds
- From Reuters via MSNBC.com's Health/Cancer section - 12/19/07
Green Tea may reduce the risk of advanced prostate cancer, according to a new study by researchers at Japan’s National Cancer Center, who maintain that Green Tea contains catechins—antioxidant substances that may help stop cancer cell growth and prevent cancerous tumors from spreading. The study results, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, found that men who drank five or more cups of Green Tea per day had less risk of developing advanced prostate cancer, compared with men who drank less or none.  Incidence of prostate cancer is low in Asia, where Green Tea is a popular beverage.
Eating Greens 'Slows Breast Cancer Growth'
- From inthenews.co.uk - 10/12/06
"Eating green vegetables could help to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells, new research has found. As well as restricting growth, the study found that a molecule in vegetables such as Broccoli and Cabbage could be used in conjunction with drugs to help fight the cancer."
Eating 'Smart': 9 Super Foods for Better Brain
- From the FoxNews.com Health section's Nutrition and Fitness Section - 06/21/06
"There's no denying that as we age chronologically, our body ages right along with us. But research is showing that you can increase your chances of maintaining a healthy brain well into your old age if you add these 'smart' foods to your daily eating regimen."  From salmon, rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids, to nuts and seeds, such as Flax Seeds, you can't go wrong with these super foods!
Eating sprouts can help prevent breast cancer, claims study
- From the Daily Mail website's News section - 10/17/06; link updated 12/11/12
Brussels Sprouts and Cabbage could be the latest weapons in the battle against breast cancer, according to new research. In a study published in the journal, Carcinogenesis, British scientists have found a naturally-occurring compound (I3C) in cruciferous vegetables, including Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale and Watercress, with high concentrations in Brussels Sprouts and Cabbage, that appears to kill off breast cancer cells when combined with chemotherapy drugs. Previous studies have already suggested a link between eating such green vegetables and the prevention of cancer, but this is one of the first studies examining how the vegetables can play a role in treating the disease. Furthermore, it is thought that I3C may have a similar impact on colon cancer cells.
Echinacea for the Prevention and Treatment of Colds in Adults: Research Results and Implications for Future Studies
- National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine - 06/28/05; Updated October 2005
"Echinacea angustifolia was chosen for the study as it is one of the species endorsed by the World Health Organization for treating the common cold. The study was designed to test if Echinacea would help prevent or treat cold symptoms, since this is how Echinacea is often used by consumers."
Echinacea Helps You Avoid And Recover From Colds Say Scientists
- From Medical News Today's Complimentary/Alternative Medicine category - 06/25/07
Researchers from the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy, Hartford, Connecticut, who reviewed over a dozen studies on the effect of Echinacea, have concluded that the popular herbal remedy reduces a person's chance of catching a cold by 58 percent, and they also found that it cuts the duration of a cold by an average of 1.4 days.The study, published in the July, 2007, edition of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, concluded that: "Published evidence supports Echinacea's benefit in decreasing the incidence and duration of the common cold."
Read more about Echinacea Purpurea
Echinacea May Boost Immune System More Than Previously Thought - New Study Says the Herb May Decrease Duration of a Cold
- From the ABC News website in Good Morning America's OnCall section - 06/25/07
A new study published Sunday in the journal, Lancet Infectious Diseases, said the supplement, Echinacea, may help bolster the immune system more than previously thought and may shorten and even prevent colds.  Echinacea comes from the purple coneflower plant. It is made into teas and pills that are said to help build cold resistance. The World Health Organization recognized Echinacea as a cold treatment in 1999.
Edible food coatings made from common herbs could protect meat, produce from E. coli microorganisms
- From NaturalNews.com - 11/28/06
In view of recent food contamination news and the proliferation of E. coli scares, researchers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently reported the development of a natural, edible food coating to help prevent bacteria such as E. coli from infecting fresh produce. The researchers' report, published in the Journal of Food and Agricultural Chemistry, found that food coatings made from apple puree, containing a natural antimicrobial compound made from Oregano, Lemongrass or Cinnamon oil, effectively killed E. coli bacteria.
Effective Dietary Supplements for Arthritis Sufferers
- From ConsumerHealthDigest.com - (no article date; posted on our website 04/02/07)
Learn how popular dietary supplements, such as Glucosamine, Chondroitin, MSM, Fish Oil, Ginger and others may be effective natural remedies for arthritis sufferers when seeking pain relief. Nothing can cure osteoarthritis, but nutritional supplements, the application of heat or cold to affected joints, exercise, and weight loss can improve the function and flexibility of your joints, and perhaps even slow the progress of the disease.
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EMEA Public Statement On Herbal Medicinal Products Containing Cimicifugae Racemosae Rhizoma (Black Cohosh Root)
- From Medical News Today's Complementary and Alternative Medicine News Section - 07/20/06
"The European Medicines Agency (EMEA) and the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) have been made aware of a number of case reports of hepatotoxicity (liver injuries) in patients using Cimicifugae racemosae rhizoma  (Black Cohosh root)."
Excess Pounds Raise Women's Cancer Risk - Obesity linked to a range of tumor types, studies find
- From HealthDay News via USnews.com's Health section - 11/07/07
In a sizeable British study conducted by Oxford University, researchers found that overweight and obese women are at greater risk of developing and dying from cancer, including breast cancer in postmenopausal women, colon cancer in premenopausal women and pancreatic and kidney cancer generally.  In addition to preventing heart disease, diabetes and other medical problems, staying lean can reduce the risk of cancer and improved quality of life.  The message is clear: “Overweight or obesity is to blame for about five percent of all cancer cases,” so it’s time to get that weight gain under control – now.
Extracts From Reishi Mushroom and Green Tea Show Synergistic Effect to Slow Sarcoma
- From ScienceDaily.com's Science News - 04/14/08
Both Reishi Mushroom and Green Tea have long held a place in Traditional Chinese Medicine and in other Asian countries for the general promotion of good health and long life and for the treatment of specific diseases; however, more recent scientific studies have confirmed that both botanicals can enhance the body’s immune functions and hold the potential for treatment and prevention of many types of cancer.  The authors claim that in lab experiments, the combination of active ingredients in Reishi Mushroom and Green Tea created synergistic effects that inhibited the growth of tumors, and these findings suggest the therapeutic values of the combined use of the substances for both cancer prevention and adjuvant treatment.
Extracts of Bitter Melon 'Can Block Breast Cancer' ~ Extracts of a fruit grown on tropical vines appears to have breast cancer blocking powers, say researchers:
- From BBC News website's Health > Medical Notes section - 02/25/10
Scientists at the University of Colorado found that key ingredients of the knobby green BITTER MELON fruit interfered with chemical pathways involved in cancer growth.  It turned off signals telling the breast cancer cells to divide, and switched on signals encouraging them to commit suicide.  The findings, published in the journal, Cancer Research, suggest that Bitter Melon may have a role in cancer prevention, and the researchers hope, ultimately, the extract could be used as a dietary supplement for breast cancer patients to stop disease recurrence. The Bitter Melon, which is also known as Balsam Pear or Bitter Gourd grows in tropical and sub-tropical climates of Africa, Asia and South America, and has long been known in herbal and folk medicines as a remedy for diabetes and infections.  Breast cancer is a major killer among women around the world; and thus, results from this study are quite significant, but although promising as an anti-cancer agent, the scientists indicate that there is no proof yet that Bitter Melon would offer cancer protection, and it will take a lot more work and trials before we know if this extract could benefit cancer patients or about unwanted side effects. The latest findings, however, suggest that this study may provide one more agent as an extract that could be used against breast cancer if additional studies hold true.
Fat Overrides Effects Of Vitamin C
- From the Society for Experimental Biology via ScienceDaily.com - 04/03/07
Fats in our stomach may reduce the protective effects of antioxidants such as vitamin C.  In research funded by the World Cancer Research Fund, scientists at the University of Glasgow found that in the presence of lipids, the ability of antioxidants, such as ascorbic acid (the active component of vitamin C), to protect against the generation of potential cancer-forming compounds in the stomach is less than when no lipids are present. Antioxidants such as ascorbic acid protect against the formation of harmful nitroso-compounds, but the presence of lipids has been shown to override the protective effect of vitamin C against the formation of those harmful compounds. The research, will investigate further the impact of dietary lipids in relation to malignancies of the upper stomach.
Fat Rapid Loss Capsules (Xin Yan Zi Pai Mei Zi Jiao Nang) Canada
- From Medical News Today's Complementary/Alternative Medicine News Section - 07/09/06
"Health Canada is advising consumers not to use the...products listed in [this] table...due to concerns about possible side effects. These products are not authorized for sale in Canada and have not been found in the Canadian marketplace. However, it is possible these products could be purchased by Canadians travelling abroad or have been brought into Canada through personal importation by travellers or purchased over the Internet."
Fatty Fish May Cut Prostate Cancer Risk: Eating Fish High in Omega-3s Reduces Risk of Aggressive Prostate Cancer -
- From WebMD.com's Prostate Cancer Health Center - 03/24/09
According to research from the University of California and published in the April, 2009, issue of Clinical Cancer Research, men who eat salmon and other fish high in OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS on a regular basis have a decreased risk for developing advanced prostate cancer.  The researchers claim there is already much evidence that Omega-3 Fatty Acids protect against heart disease and other diseases by targeting inflammation, which may be the case in the most deadly forms of prostate cancer.  A previous Harvard Medical School study reported a 41% reduction in prostate cancer risk among men who consumed high levels of Omega-3s, compared to men with the lowest intake; and men who ate fatty fish before and after being diagnosed with prostate cancer were less likely to die of the disease.  Clinical trials are needed, but the researchers say there is enough evidence to justify a large trial studying whether eating a diet rich in Omega-3s - or even taking Omega-3 Fatty Acid supplements - can actually lower risk of aggressive prostate cancer.
FDA Reaffirms: Nicotine Not Allowed in Dietary Supplements
- From the American Herbal Products Association's News Room - 06/30/06
"The Food and Drug Administration yesterday informed a marketer of a product containing nicotine and labeled as a dietary supplement that the product 'does not meet the definition of a dietary supplement [and] is an unapproved new drug whose marketing violates the FD&C Act.'"
FDA warns consumers to avoid 'natural' impotence pills sold on Web
- From the Associated Press via USATODAY.com - 07/12/06
"WASHINGTON (AP) -- Some products touted on the Internet as natural alternatives to impotence drugs like Viagra illegally contain the same active ingredients as the prescription medicines, the Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday."
Federal Trade Commission Reaches “New Year’s” Resolutions with Four Major Weight-Control Pill Marketers
- From the Federal Trade Commission - www.ftc.gov - 01/04/07
FTC Recovers $25 Million to Settle Allegations of Deceptive Marketing for Xenadrine EFX, CortiSlim, TrimSpa, and One-A-Day WeightSmart. The FTC has filed complaints in four separate cases alleging that weight-loss and weight-control claims were not supported by competent and reliable scientific evidence. Marketers of the four products – Xenadrine EFX, CortiSlim, TrimSpa, and One-A-Day WeightSmart – have settled with the FTC, surrendered cash and other assets worth at least $25 million, and agreed to limit their future advertising claims. “You won’t find weight loss in a bottle of pills that claims it has the latest scientific breakthrough or miracle ingredient,” said FTC Chairman Deborah Platt Majoras. “Paying for fad science is a good way to lose cash, not pounds.”
Fenugreek Extract Shows Male Libido Boost: Human HRT
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 02/16/11
A recent study, which was conducted by scientists from Australia’s University of Queensland, suggests that daily supplements of an extract from Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) may enhance male libido and help with the maintenance of normal testosterone levels.  The scientists conducting the double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study found that a formulation containing a Standardized Extract of Fenugreek was associated with an improvement in libido for 81 percent of the men in the study and a 63 percent improvement in the ‘quality of sexual performance, compared with no such improvements in the placebo group.  In addition to the reported improvements in libido and quality of sexual performance, the researchers conducting the small, commercially-funded study also noted that 66 percent of the men in the active intervention group reported improvements in ‘recovery time,’ 82 percent reported improvements in ‘general energy,’ and 56 percent reported improvements in ‘wellbeing.’  Commenting on the active ingredients in Fenugreek and the mechanism, the researchers note that Saponins are probably responsible for these physiological effects, and the mechanisms may be quite complex.  In view of the current concern over adulterated or spiked materials in libido supplements, it is important to rely on quality materials from reputable suppliers who seek out and rely on research and science for their products.
FERTILITY HERBAL SUPPLEMENT SPROUTS PROMISING RESULTS IN STANFORD PILOT STUDY
- Stanford School of Medicine 04/19/04 News Release
"STANFORD, Calif. - A researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine says a small study shows promise for a nutritional supplement that may help boost fertility in women who have difficulty conceiving."
Fiber May Protect Against Small Bowel Cancer
- From The Gazette - 10/25/08
According to information from the National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, a healthy amount of fiber and whole grain foods in the diet not only protects against colon cancer, it also protects against cancer developing in the small intestine, research indicates.  The results of the studies, which were published in the journal, Gastroenterology, indicated that those with the highest intake of fiber from grains, relative to those with the lowest, had a significant forty-nine percent reduction in the risk of developing small bowel cancer.  The small intestine makes up seventy percent of the digestive tract; yet, rarely do cancers develop there, more often showing up in the large intestine, or colon. Current U. S. recommendations call for adults to consume 20 to 35 grams of dietary fiber per day, but studies have shown that the average American's daily intake of dietary fiber is only 12 to 18 grams.  Supplemental fiber may be an easy way to make up this difference.
Fiery Pepper Fatal for Fat Cells? - Capsaicin, a Compound in Hot Red Peppers, May Halt Fat Formation
- From WebMD.com's Health & Diet section - 03/06/07
Capsaicin, the fiery compound found in hot red peppers, may make fledging fat cells self-destruct, Taiwanese scientists report. But don’t drown your dinner in hot pepper sauce just yet. So far, the Taiwanese team has only pitted capsaicin (found in Cayenne and Capsicum) against fat cells in test tubes, not people, but a primlinary study has indicated that “pre-fat” cells were destroyed when combined with the extract.
Fish Oil Helps Patients With Chronic Heart Failure: OMEGA-3 pill worked slightly better than cholesterol medication, study says
- From MSNBC.com's Health section - 08/31/08
According to new research published in the British journal, Lancet, and announced at the European Society of Cardiology,  Fish Oil supplements may work slightly better than a popular cholesterol-reducing drug to help patients with chronic heart failure and reinforces the idea that treating patients with heart failure takes more than just drugs.  OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS from fish such as salmon and tuna have long been proven to offer health benefits like protecting the heart and brain, though scientists aren't exactly sure how, but since cell membranes are made of fatty acids, fish oils may help to replace and strengthen those membranes with Omega-3.  Doctors also said people should get the same benefits from taking cheaper options like fish oil supplements.  Fish oils also are thought to increase the body's good cholesterol levels, as well as possibly stabilizing the electrical system in heart cells, to prevent abnormal heart rhythms.  According to president of the American College of Cardiology, this study changes the certainty of the current evidence about fish oils, and guidelines in the United States would likely change to recommend that more heart patients eat more fish or take supplements, saying  "This is a low-tech solution and could help all patients with cardiovascular problems."
Fish Oil May Protect Against Muscle Deterioration In The Elderly ~
Consumption of fish oil could help boost muscle strength in elderly people by around Twenty Percent.
- From University of Aberdeen - September, 2012
Fish Oils May Be Lifesavers - Fatty Acids in Fish Might Save More Lives Than Defibrillators, Experts Say
- From WebMD (www.webmd.com) - 08/30/06
"Fish oils in fatty fish like salmon might be even better than heart devices called defibrillators at preventing sudden death from heart problems."
Fish Really May Be Brain FoodThree studies suggest regular consumption boosts thinking
- From HealthDay News via USnews.com's Health section - 11/08/07
Three separate studies completed in Norway, the Netherlands and New Zealand, and published in last November’s American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, suggest that eating fish - particularly the consumption of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in fish - can make you smarter and may improve cognitive performance.  Moreover, the more fish a person eats, the greater the effect:  People in the studies who ate more fish daily had the best test scores.  Read about the importance of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in our daily diets.
More good news about Cocoa:
Flavanols in Cocoa Again Linked to Cardio-Vascular Disease Benefits
Small amounts of chocolate can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/30/10
According to a study from Germany’s Institute of Human Nutrition, 19,357 participants, aged between 35 and 65, were evaluated for a period of at least ten years, and the researchers found that those who ate the most chocolate (average 7.5 grams/0.265 ounces daily) had lower blood pressure and a 39 percent lower risk of having a heart attack or stroke, compared to those who ate the least amount (average 1.7 grams/0.06 ounces).  The scientists claimed that if people in the group eating the least amount of chocolate increased their intake by six grams/0.212 ounces daily, 85 fewer heart attacks, and strokes per 10,000 people could be expected to occur over a period of about ten years. The researchers found that COCOA flavanols appear to be the substances in Cocoa that are responsible for lowering blood pressure and boosting heart health; these substances improve the bioavailability of nitric oxide from the cells that line the inner wall of blood vessels, and nitric oxide causes the smooth muscle cells of the blood vessels to relax and widen, potentially contributing to lower blood pressure.  Nitric oxide also improves platelet function, making the blood less sticky-less likely to clot.  The British Heart Foundation, in response to the study, noted that the amount consumed by even the highest consumer in the study was about one square of chocolate a day or half a small chocolate Easter egg in a week, so the benefits were still associated with a fairly small amount of Cocoa.  In the report, published by the European Heart Journal, the German scientists countered that because of the media attention given to the health benefits of Cocoa, it is important that moderation should observed, since some consumers might be tempted to eat too much chocolate, which is high in calories and fat and linked to weight gain and raised cholesterol levels; thus, it was important that those eating chocolate did not increase their overall intake of calories or reduce their consumption of healthy foods.
Flaxseed for Hot Flashes? Recent research suggests it might just help. 
- From EatingWell.com via MSN Health & Fitness - 2008; posted here 2/29/08
Lignans, the estrogen-like compounds found in Flaxseed, may help relieve hot flashes.  In a six-week  pilot study at Mayo Clinic, women who consumed ground Flaxseed twice daily found that not only the frequency of their hot flashes dropped, but the intensity of the hot flashes decreased too. The lignans in Flax offer a ‘natural,’ less potent estrogen effect on hot flashes than synthetic hormone therapy.
Flaxseed May Relieve Hot Flashes of Menopause
- From HealthDay News via ABCnews.com's Health section - 08/31/07
In a small study of postmenopausal women not taking estrogen – the women who used dietary Flaxseed reported a fifty percent reduction in hot flashes over the course of six weeks. “Flaxseed worked very well,” said Dr. Sandhya Pruthi, director of the Mayo Breast Clinic at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. ‘The women who used it said it really helped them.”  While hormone replacement therapy, particularly estrogen, is effective against hot flashes, its long-term use has fallen out of favor since the large study known as the Women's Health Initiative found an increased risk of heart disease, breast cancer and other problems with long-term HRT use. Thus, despite the cautions that the report is too preliminary to prove that Flaxseed’s efficacy, Dr. Pruthi and her team explained that Flaxseed has some natural phytoestrogens," explaining how it, like the hormone estrogen, could have a positive effect on hot flashes.
Folic Acid May Prevent Cancer of Larynx
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 06/12/06
"While folic acid is more commonly known as the nutrient that can help prevent birth defects, new research suggests that folic acid supplements may also help prevent cancer of the larynx."
Food Antioxidants, Vitamin D Fight Breast Cancer
- From HealthDay News via LifeClinic.com's Newsroom - 04/07/06
"Friday, April 7 (HealthDay News) -- A range of foods such as Soybeans, fruits and Green Tea contain powerful antioxidants that help reduce a woman's risk for breast and ovarian cancer, new studies find."
Food-aceuticals: Drink - and Eat - to Your Health
- From WebMD.com (12/21/04) via MedicineNet.com - 12/28/04
From Omega-3 Fatty Acids to flavonoids, the ingredients in foods you eat every day may be potent weapons in the battle against disease. Once-forbidden foods like Chocolate, Nuts and Wine made headlines in 2004 for their potentially healthy benefits, and new research suggests that the key to avoiding heart disease or cancer may be found in the cupboard rather than the medicine cabinet.
Fortified Broccoli, Tomato Powders Show Anti-Prostate Cancer Power: Biofortification of Broccoli and Tomato May Lead to Increased Levels of Potentially Anti-Cancer Compounds –
- From NutraIngredients-usa.com - 08/06/09
Over half a million men worldwide are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year, with over 200,000 deaths from the disease.  According to a new study conducted by the University of Illinois and published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Broccoli and Tomato powder with enhanced bioactive contents was found to promote the activity of enzymes linked to detoxification. “Many studies have evaluated the cancer-preventive potential of individual bioactives from Tomato and Broccoli, but few have examined them within the context of a whole food,” explained the researchers. The health benefits were particularly linked to the compounds, indole-3-carbinol and selenium in Broccoli, and the compound carotenoid, Lycopene, in Tomato.  In the past, we have reported preliminary research in articles released by the National Cancer Institute, the Prostate Cancer Foundation and the National Institutes of Health,** indicating that Lycopene supplements appeared to reduce uncontrolled growth of prostate cancer cells and restore normal cell turnover in men with prostate cancer.  Thus, these new encouraging findings suggest that bioactive-enriched vegetables should be further tested for cancer content prevention.
Four Green Foods You Need:  Broccoli, Green Tea, Lime and Pesto
- From Newsweek.com - 1/25/08
Some health advisers argue that common health problems can arise from '"toxic overload," a buildup of everyday pollutants and food preservatives, with symptoms ranging from fatigue, headaches, muscle weakness, nervousness and diarrhea—to just feeling less than good.  While detox diets may not have scientific backing, there are some super foods that fight carcinogens and are great for your whole system— Broccoli, Green Tea, Lime (because of vitamin C) and Pesto (because of Garlic). They're great for you and may even protect you from cancer.  In some cases, supplements are recommended.  To get the full benefits of the catechins in Green Tea, you might need to take Green Tea pills, or else expect to spend all your waking moments brewing and sipping.  According to the American Association for Cancer Research, it took concentrated-Green Tea pills equal to 8-16 cups a day to boost production of enzymes that make carcinogens less toxic.  Load up on these good-for-you greens and you might not need that pricey spa—or even a special juicer.  Read this important article and link to supplemental Broccoli, Green Tea and Garlic, and if you’re looking for a Great Green source of vitamin C, don’t forget Green Pepper; it contains more vitamin C than citrus fruits!
Frankincense 'Can Ease Arthritis' - An herb known as "Indian Frankincense" (Boswellia serrata) can reduce the symptoms of arthritis, U.S. researchers have suggested
- From the BBC News website's Health Section - 08/01/08
Research conducted at the University of California, Davis, and reported in the journal, Arthritis Research and Therapy, demonstrated that extracts of BOSWELLIA can reduce painful symptoms of arthritis.  Boswellia serrata is a similar species to the variety that is famous for its role in the Christian Nativity, and when it was tested on dozens of patients, those who received the herb reported better movement and less pain and stiffness.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of the condition and normally affects the weight-bearing joints, such as hands, wrists, feet and spine.  Certainly osteoarthritis is in need of new, safe analgesics, since current treatments carry a great many adverse effects, and scientists have been hunting for an alternative.  In as little as seven days, patients taking the frankincense drug (Boswellia) reported improvements in their pain and stiffness levels, and these continued until the ninety-day mark, when the study ended.  Tests of the fluid within affected joints also revealed a drop in levels of enzymes linked to the condition.

Fruit and Vegetable Concentrate May Reduce Cold Symptoms:
Concentrates of fruit and vegetables taken as capsules may reduce the symptoms of common cold by twenty percent ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 09/13/10
According to a new study from Berlin, Germany’s Charité University Medical Centre, a micronutrient-dense concentrate of a range of fruit and vegetables – taken as capsules - was found to reduce the symptoms for moderate and severe common cold by twenty percent.  While various studies have looked at the potential of dietary supplements to reduce the incidence or severity of the common cold, such research has yielded “inconsistent” results.  However, the new study used fruit and vegetable powder concentrate - including cherry, Apple, Orange, pineapple, peach, Papaya, with Beet, Broccoli, kale, Parsley, Cabbage, Carrot, Spinach and Tomato, plus added berry powder of Bilberry, blackberry, black currant, Blueberry, Cranberry, Concord Grape, Elderberry, Raspberry and red currant – and produced promising results.  The common cold is a viral infection primarily caused by rhinoviruses and the most common infectious disease in humans - responsible for about 500 million illnesses in the U.S. every year.  Information published the Archives of Internal Medicine, reports the common cold and related diseases costs the U.S. about $40 billion every year.  Thus, the current findings, which were published in the British Journal of Nutrition, reflect potentially important public health relevance and may be the first randomized investigation focusing on the benefits of juice powder concentrate in subjects particularly exposed to patient contact.  Two groups participated in the study: 263 people who received daily supplements of the fruit and vegetable concentrate, while 266 people received a placebo for eight months.  Results showed no significant differences between the groups regarding the total number of days with any common cold symptoms.  However, people receiving the fruit and vegetable concentrate had an average of 7.6 days with moderate or severe common cold symptoms, compared with 9.5 days in the placebo group.  Intake of the powder concentrate was associated with a fewer number of days with at least moderate common cold symptoms.  Commenting on the potential mechanism, the scientists point to the high antioxidant content of the supplement, including vitamins C and E, as well as nutrients such as beta-carotene and folate, which have been linked to improved immune function via increased numbers of T-cells (white blood cells with a key role in immune health).  Whether long-term intake of concentrate could further reduce severity or even the frequency of common cold symptoms and the possible underlying mechanisms should be assessed in future studies.
Fruity cocktails count as health food, study finds
- From Reuters.com - 04/19/07
Any colored fruit might be made even more healthful with the addition of a splash of alcohol, researchers have reported in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. The researchers found that adding ethanol - the type of alcohol found in rum, vodka, tequila and other spirits - boosted the antioxidant nutrients in strawberries and blackberries. Treating the berries with alcohol increased antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity and can cancel out the cell-damaging effects of compounds called free radicals.
FWS Restores 5-Year Minimum Age for Exported American Ginseng
- American Herbal Products Association - 06/09/06
"(June 9, 2006) - The US Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) has announced that the export of wild American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) roots that are at least 5 years old "will not be detrimental to the survival of the species," and so will be allowed to be exported from states that maintain ginseng programs during the next three harvest seasons (2006-2008). This rule, contained in FWS' issuance of its 2006 wild American Ginseng findings, reestablishes the five-year rule which had been in place since 1999 but which was set aside last year by a requirement that limited export to plants of at least 10 years of age."
Garlic and Onion May Boost Mineral Absorption: Compounds in both Garlic and Onion may increase the bio-accessibility of iron and zinc seven-fold ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 07/06/10
According to new data published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers found that consuming GARLIC or ONION with cereal grains increased the uptake of iron by about 70 percent and zinc by to 160 percent.  Scientists from India’s Central Food Technological Research Institute in Mysore, claim that both Garlic and Onion appear to have a promoting influence on the bio-accessibility of iron and zinc from food grains, which could offer opportunities to tackle two of the globe’s major deficiency concerns and they have the potential to improve the bioavailability of trace minerals and thus contribute to the human health benefit.  Iron deficiency is reported to affect about a third of the global population, with two billion people anemic around the world, and zinc deficiency affects 30 per cent of the world’s population. The bioavailability of both micronutrients is said to be particularly low from most plant foods, and commenting on the potential mechanism behind the improvements, researchers point to the high sulfur content in both Garlic and Onion.  Sulfur-containing amino acids like cysteine have previously been shown to boost iron and zinc status in laboratory tests with animal models.  The information generated in this study on the supporting influence of natural sources of sulfur compounds on mineral bio-accessibility from food grains is novel and has a promising application for alleviating deficiencies of these minerals in sections of the population.
Garlic Beats Hospital Superbug:  The ingredient that gives garlic its distinctive smell is the latest weapon in the battle to beat the hospital superbug, MRSA
- From BBC News website's Health section - 12/24/03; posted here 9/5/08
In a study from the University of East London, scientists say the killer superbug, MRSA, can be beaten with GARLIC.  Trials showed that allicin, the natural compound that gives garlic its distinctive smell, treated even the most antibiotic-resistant strains of the infection and can cure patients suffering from the antibiotic-resistant infection within weeks.  It was even effective against the newer strains that cannot be treated by the “last-line-of-defense” antibiotics, Vancomycin and Glycopeptides.  MRSA (Methecillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is causing a genuine crisis in hospital systems all over the world, and antibiotics are increasingly ineffective, but according to the research team, we do have a powerful natural ally.  Garlic has been used in medicine for centuries, so it should be no surprise that it is effective against this very modern infection.
Garlic May Help Protect Against Osteoarthritis: Study
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 12/20/10
Researchers from Britain’s University of East Anglia and King's College, London, have found that a diet high in allium vegetables - such as Garlic, Onions and Leeks - may help lower the risk osteoarthritis.  Osteoarthritis is a major health issue and the most common disabling joint condition affecting elderly adults, with a significant impact on adults of working age.  The cause, however, remains unclear, and this study shows the potential for diet to influence the course of the disease, as analysis of dietary trends have revealed that a specific pattern of dietary intake - high in fruit and vegetables – has shown a statistically significant inverse association with hip osteoarthritis.  Perhaps most interestingly, however, the new study found that consumption of non-citrus fruit and alliums – such as Garlic – had the strongest protective effect.  Diallyl disulphide, a compound found in Garlic and other alliums, has been shown to repress the expression of degrading enzymes that are linked with osteoarthritis, providing a potential mechanism of action for the observed effect.  Although the scientists are uncertain as to whether eating Garlic will lead to high levels of diallyl disulphide in the joint, these findings may point the way towards future treatments and prevention of hip osteoarthritis.  Furthermore, this study highlights the possible effects of diet in protecting against osteoarthritis, specifically suggesting a potential use for specific beneficial compounds found in Garlic to develop treatments for the condition.  The researchers concluded that if such results are confirmed by independent replication, then dietary intervention trials would be “a reasonable next step.”
Garlic Oil May Reverse Diabetes Linked Heart Disease:
Problems in heart function related to diabetes may be improved with Garlic oil ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 09/30/10
According to research from Taiwan’s China Medical University, cardiac abnormalities induced by diabetes can be reversed in as little sixteen days of Garlic oil supplementation.  Garlic (Allium sativum) has been suggested to exhibit several health benefits, including inhibiting enzymes involved in lipid synthesis, decreasing platelet aggregation, preventing lipid peroxidation and increasing antioxidant status.  Using animal models, the results, published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, suggest that Garlic oil supplementation for diabetic rats leads to several changes in heart activity, including cardiac contractile functions, myosin chain gene expressions, oxidative stress and apoptosis and related signaling activities.  Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease, accounting for eighty percent of all diabetic mortality.  Damage to cardiac function is well documented in diabetes, and death from heart disease is known to be between two and four times higher in patients with diabetes than those without diabetes.  Previous studies have suggested that Garlic oil, commonly used in cooking and folk remedies, could protect the cardiovascular system.  However, the mechanism by which Garlic oil protects diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy is unclear, but in the present study, diabetes-related cardiac dysfunctions were dose-dependently relieved through administration with Garlic oil.  Garlic oil was also reported to reverse the effects of diabetes on cardiac output and the heart’s pumping capacity in a dose dependant manner, as well as significantly decreased levels of myosin heavy chains– key contractile proteins in the heart – also dose dependently attenuated by Garlic oil.  Adding that Garlic oil reduces oxidative stress and counteracts activations of up-regulated cell suicide signals, and as such could be considered potentially helpful in protecting hearts from diabetic cardiomyopathy, the scientists note that all these phenomena might be associated with the antioxidant prospect of Garlic oil, which is attributed to the presence of organo-sulfur compounds that modulate the cardiac antioxidant activity. The researchers concluded that “Garlic oil possesses significant potential for protecting hearts from diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy, adding that further studies were needed to investigate the individual Garlic oil constituent compounds responsible for improving diabetic cardiac dysfunction.
Ginger an Ovarian Cancer Killer
- From HealthDay News via HealthScout.com - 04/05/06
Ordinary ginger causes ovarian cancer cells to die, highlighting the spice's potential in fighting the killer disease, a new study found. Not only did ginger trigger ovarian cancer cell death, it did so in a way that may prevent tumor cells from becoming resistant to treatment, a common problem with chemotherapy. The preliminary findings from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center were presented Tuesday at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research in Washington, D.C.
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Ginger Found to Ease Nausea of Cancer Treatment
- From the New York Times website's Health section - 05/14/09
Grandma was right when she recommended GINGER for an upset stomach— at least for cancer patients.  A randomized clinical trial has confirmed what many people suspect: Ginger can decrease nausea caused by chemotherapy, and the effect goes beyond that provided by standard anti-vomiting drugs.  The best results corresponded to a quarter to a half teaspoon of ground Ginger, said researchers, adding that either the Ginger that comes in spice bottles or the Ginger capsules sold in health food stores would probably work. The trial, financed by the National Cancer Institute, involved 644 patients in the United States, mostly women with breast cancer, who were undergoing chemotherapy.  The positive results are being presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology, beginning May 29th, 2009.
Ginger Supplements May Reduce Pain After Exercise: Study - Ginger may reduce the pain associated with muscle injury after exercising, offering amateur and professional athletes a natural pain reliever ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/03/10
According to new findings from University of Georgia and Georgia State University, both raw and heat-treated GINGER reduced the pain associated with muscle injury by about twenty-four percent.  Consumption of both decreased muscle pain intensity 24 hours after exercise with raw Ginger providing 25 percent reduction and heat-treated providing 23 percent reduction post-exercise.  The rhizome of the ginger plant (Zingiber officinale) is a rich source of antioxidants, including gingerols, shogaols, zingerones and other ketone derivatives, and its pain reducing effects are biologically plausible because of the effect of gingerols, shogaols and zingerones on inflammatory compounds – suggesting that Ginger may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties akin to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).  The scientists noted that muscle pain generally is one of the most common types of pain, and exercise-induced pain specifically is a common type of injury related to sports and/or recreation, like gardening. Anything that can truly relieve this type of pain will be greatly welcomed by the many people who are experiencing it.
Ginkgo Biloba Slows Cognitive Decline In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
- UCSD School of Medicine NEWS - 04/18/02
"Ginkgo biloba, an over-the-counter herbal remedy used by many to boost mental awareness, has been shown in a medically supervised study to slow cognitive decline in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic, often disabling disease that attacks the central nervous system."
Ginseng Extract May Offer Brain Protection: Study
Active protein found in Ginseng Root shows signs of neuroprotective support ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 01/13/11
Recent research from China’s Tongji University School of Medicine suggests that Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1), the active protein in AMERICAN GINSENG (Panax quinquefolius) may protect against stroke and also benefit other neurodegenerative diseases.  The study results provide new support for the neuroprotective effects of GRb1 against ischemic stroke and may provide potential therapeutic treatment for other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.  Previous research has suggested that Ginseng’s active Ginsenoside Rb1(GRb1) has neuroprotective effects for cerebral ischemic stroke.  That research with animal models found that GRb1 significantly increased the number of neural stem cells – known as neural precursor cells - after cerebral ischemia.  The present study findings, which were published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, demonstrate that GRb1 promotes neural behavior recovery and also induces neurogenesis (the process by which new nerve cells [neurons] are generated) after ischemic stroke.  Results revealed the GRb1 infusion after cerebral ischemia significantly promoted recoveries of neurological functions at three and five days post-stroke, compared to the animals not infused with GRb1.  It has been suggested that these beneficial properties are due to the effects of a brain-derived protein (BDNF) that helps to support the survival of existing neurons, while encouraging the growth of new neurons in the brain.  However, the scientists note that the underlying mechanism of this protective function remains unclear.  Recently, a battery of studies showed that BDNF is strongly involved in neurological recovery after cerebral ischemia; and the researchers add that perhaps the most important questions in the next study are to assess whether neural precursor cells differentiate into neurons with appropriate regional specificity after cerebral ischemia, adding that if the new neurons are capable of long-term survival and integration, then GRb1-induced neurogenesis is a plausible strategy for many other neurodegenerative disorders besides cerebral ischemia.  Ginseng Root has been an important component of Chinese medicine for thousands of years and thought to protect the brain from the effects of certain types of stroke.  It is said that Chinese herbalists, prize American (Panax quinquefolius)  Ginseng – especially that grown in Wisconsin – because it is sweeter than the Asian/Korean (Panax ginseng) and considered more "yin" (cooler) in nature.
Ginseng May Help Treat Schizophrenia:
Study Shows Herbal Preparation May Help Reduce Hard-to-Treat Symptoms

- From WebMD.com's Schizophrenia Health Center - 05/08/08
According to research presented at a meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, a form of Asian GINSENG (Panax ginseng) shows promise for relieving  symptoms of schizophrenia that are difficult to treat.  The results included studies covering “negative symptoms,” characterized by lack of motivation and a severe reduction in emotional expression known as flat affect.  Most impairment is caused by negative symptoms and cognitive impairment, resulting in lack of pleasure or motivation in everyday life or inability to converse meaningfully, even when forced to interact.  The studies also researched what are called “positive symptoms” - hallucinations, delusions and disordered thinking, and although there is no cure, antipsychotic medications are very effective for reducing positive symptoms.  The research suggest that Panax Ginseng hits some of the same targets in the brain as drugs being developed to treat both negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia; and unexpectedly, Ginseng's effect on reducing symptoms continued even when the patients were crossed over to placebo.  Since Panax Ginseng works on the same brain receptors as antipsychotic drugs, the scientists claim that makes it something to look at, and while it is too soon to tell people to take Ginseng for schizophrenia, the findings indicate promise as an adjunct to their other antipsychotic medications.
Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT) Study Results
- From the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine - 02/22/06
In a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the popular dietary supplement combination of Glucosamine plus Chondroitin Sulfate did not provide significant relief from osteoarthritis pain among all participants.  However, a smaller subgroup of study participants with moderate-to-severe pain showed significant relief with the combined supplements.
Grape Extract Kills Cancer Cells – An Extract from Grapeseeds Can Destroy Cancer Cells, US research suggests
A team of scientists from the United States and China have discovered that Grapeseed Extract kills leukemia cells by making them commit suicide, thus showing the potential value of natural compounds in the treatment of cancer.  In a study from the University of Kentucky Graduate Center for Toxicology and  published in the January 2009 issue of Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, scientists found that the extract stimulated leukemia cells to commit suicide, a process called cell apoptosis. A number of studies have already revealed that eating fruit and vegetables helps to prevent cancer, and previous research has shown Grapeseed extract has an effect on skin, breast, bowel, lung, stomach and prostate cancer cells.  This is likely due to the presence of proanthocyanidins, a family of antioxidant compounds. In lab experiments, within 24 hours, 76% of leukemia cells exposed to the extract were killed off, while healthy cells were unharmed.  Grapeseed contains a number of antioxidants, including resveratrol, which is known to have anti-cancer properties, as well as positive effect on the heart.  It can also reduce the size of breast tumors in rats and skin tumors in mice. However, the University of Kentucky study is the first to test its impact on a blood cancer, and these results could have implications for the incorporation of agents such as Grapeseed Extract into prevention or treatment of hematological (blood) malignancies and possibly other cancers. What everyone seeks is an agent that has an effect on cancer cells but leaves normal cells alone, and this shows that Grapeseed extract fits into this category.  A spokesman for Cancer Research UK warned against jumping to firm conclusions, but noted that this is yet another story highlighting the potential cancer-fighting properties of naturally-occurring chemicals.
Articles:
Grape Extract Kills Cancer Cells
- From BBC News website's Health section - 12/31/08
Grape Seed Extract Kills Cancer Cells In Lab - From MedicalNewsToday.com's Cancer/Oncology section - 12/31/08
Grape Skins May Help Diabetics: Grape Skins Could be a Natural Solution to Stop Complications in People with Diabetes
- From BBC News - 03/20/08
According to recent research published in the science journal, Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Grape Skin protects against damage to blood vessels caused by the high levels of glucose in diabetics, which can lead to kidney and heart disease.  The skins contain a compound called Resveratrol, which is also found in Red Wine, seeds, Pine Bark and peanuts, and although their antioxidant effects in the test tube are well documented, but new studies from Peninsula Medical School, Southwest England, shows the link between high levels of glucose and the ability of Resveratrol to protect against and mend damaged cell structure damage.
Grapefruit Compound Inhibits Hepatitis C Virus - Flavonoid called naringenin silences infection pathway, hints of new disease treatments:
- From HealthDay News via WrongDiagnosis.com - 05/06/08
In a study from Harvard Medical School that was published in the May, 2008, issue of Hepatology, the Grapefruit bioflavonoid, naringenin, was shown to inhibit the secretion of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in infected cells and could offer a new approach for treating the disease.  About three percent of the global population is infected with HCV, which can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer, and the current standard therapy of interferon and ribavirin is effective in only about fifty percent of cases and can cause major side effects, according to background information in the study. "Future studies would focus on long-term ability of naringenin and perhaps other Citrus Bioflavonoids to reduce viral load in animal models and long-term cultures of primary human hepatocytes," the researchers concluded.
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Grapefruit Extract Shows Anti-Diabetes Potential: An antioxidant extracted from Grapefruit may help the liver break down fat and improve insulin sensitivity ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 08/27/10
According to new data from Jerusalem’s Hebrew University and Massachusetts General Hospital, naringenin, a compound derived from the bitter flavor of Grapefruit and other Citrus fruits, was found to mimic the actions of the established lipid-lowering and anti-diabetic pharmaceuticals in animal models.  If the results can be repeated in human studies, the dietary supplement may become a staple for people with elevated blood lipid levels (hyperlipidemia), Type-2 diabetes and perhaps metabolic syndrome.  It is not the first time that naringenin has been reported to have potential for people suffering from the metabolic syndrome and related conditions; last year scientists from the University of Western Ontario reported positive results for diabetes in mice, while the cholesterol lowering potential of Grapefruit has also been reported.  The researchers have shown that naringenin increases two important targets, and the results are similar to those induced by long periods of fasting.  A similar process has long been sought after by the pharmaceutical industry, but their development was plagued by safety concerns. Remarkably, naringenin is a dietary supplement with a clear safety record.  Evidence suggests it might actually protect the liver from damage.  The potential of using a naturally-occurring dietary supplement to regulate lipid metabolism is appealing, as this by-product of the grapefruit is non-toxic, cheap and has demonstrated anti-inflammatory activity, said the researchers. 
Green Coffee Bean Extract and its metabolites have a hypotensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
- From PubMed.com, a service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health - 01/25/06
"The effects of a water-soluble green coffee bean extract (GCE) on blood pressure were investigated using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). There was a dose-dependent reduction in blood pressure after a single ingestion (180 to 720 mg/kg, p.o.) or long-term ingestion (0.25 to 1% diet for 6 weeks) of GCE."
Green Coffee Promotes Weight Loss?
- From the Discovery Channel website's Health News Section - 05/01/06
"Coffee made out green, unroasted coffee beans promotes weight loss, according to a new study on compounds that are naturally present in the beans."

Green Tea Extract Could Reduce Glaucoma Risk
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 04/26/10

Green Tea catechins may help protect against glaucoma and other eye diseases, as ingredients travel from the digestive system into the tissues of the eyes:
According to new research based at China’s Hong Kong Eye Hospital and the University of Hong Kong, Green Tea catechins may be helpful for eye health. Green Tea contains extractable polyphenols, and the four primary polyphenols found in Green Tea are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate ECG) and epicatechin (EC).  The results of the study, which were published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, found that the polyphenols travel from the digestive system into the tissues of the eyes and noted that Green Tea consumption benefited the eye against oxidative stress.  Oxidative stress causes biological disturbances, such as DNA damage and activation of proteolytic enzymes that can lead to tissue cell damage or dysfunction and eventually to many ophthalmic diseases, including cataract formation, damaged retinal tissue cells and glaucoma.  The scientists analyzed eye tissue in animal models that were given Green Tea, and found that the lens, retina and other tissues absorbed significant amounts of the beneficial antioxidant catechins.  Although many antioxidants have been studied in the eye, this research demonstrated distribution of individual catechins after ingestion of Green Tea extract and their antioxidative effects in various parts of the eye.  Other reported benefits for Green Tea have been risk reduction in terms of reducing the risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improving cardiovascular and oral health, as well as aiding in weight management.

Green Tea Extract Effective For Weight Loss At Low DosesDaily supplements of a Green Tea Extract may increase energy expenditure and help men beat the bulge ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 04/09/10
According to results of a new human study from Germany’s University of Medicine, Berlin, low doses of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) from GREEN TEA were found to increase fat oxidation by 33 percent, providing evidence that a single Green Tea catechin can increase fat oxidation in obese men, at least within two hours after meal intake.  Within this postprandial phase, EGCG is equipotent with caffeine with regard to fat oxidation.  Regarding the difference between high and low doses, the scientists say lower doses may be optimal for affecting energy expenditure, as higher doses did not provide any additional effects.  Green Tea has been studied extensively for its potential in the weight management category, with EGCG highlighted as a key component. The new findings, which were published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, support the link between caffeine and EGCG, but also found that the compounds produce similar effects.  A daily dose of EGCG was associated with a 33 percent increase in fat oxidation, while a daily dose of caffeine was linked to a 34.5 percent increase, but when male subjects were given a combination of EGCG and caffeine, fat oxidation increased by almost fifty percent!  Three mechanisms have been proposed: EGCG could increase energy metabolism and fatty acid oxidation; inhibit the formation of fat or fatty tissue development (adipo-genesis); and/or reduce lipid absorption and increase fat excretion.  Recent research from Pennsylvania State University concurred with the science supporting the weight management potential of Green Tea and its extracts, noting that laboratory studies and small-scale human intervention studies “indicate that consumption of tea might promote weight loss, help maintain body weight following weight loss and prevent the development of some diseases associated with obesity such as diabetes and fatty liver disease.”
Green Tea Extract May Boost Heart Health For Obese ~ Daily supplements of an extract of green tea may reduce levels of a protein linked to heart disease:
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/09/10
Scientists from Oklahoma State University and University of Oklahoma found that obese people with Metabolic Syndrome experienced decreased levels of amyloid alpha (considered a considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease) after drinking GREEN TEA or taking supplemental  GREEN TEA EXTRACTS (supporting use of both beverage and extract supplements).  Metabolic Syndrome is a condition characterized by central obesity, hypertension and disturbed glucose and insulin metabolism and has been linked to increased risks of both Type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.  The scientists concluded that Green Tea may thus be included as part of a comprehensive strategy involving diet, exercise and specific dietary supplementations aimed at reversing inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk factors in people with metabolic syndrome. The study adds to an ever-growing body of science supporting the potential benefits of Green Tea and its constituents, most notably EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate). To date Green Tea has been linked to a reduced risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improved cardiovascular and oral health, as well as benefits in weight management.  Green Tea contains between 30 and 40 percent of water-extractable polyphenols, while Black Tea (Green Tea that has been oxidized by fermentation) contains between 3 and 10 percent. Oolong Tea is semi-fermented tea and is somewhere between Green and Black Teas. The four primary polyphenols found in all fresh (Camellia sinensis) tealeaves are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG) and epicatechin (EC).
Green Tea Gulpers May Have a Reduced Risk of Early Death - Antioxidants May Be the Reason, Researchers Speculate
- From the ABC News website's Health Section - 09/12/06
"For thousands of years, people have enjoyed drinking daily doses of Green Tea, claiming the drink not only soothes but is full of healthy antioxidants, too.  Now there is one more reason to put the kettle on:  New research suggests that drinking Green Tea may help you live longer."
Green Tea Helps Beat Superbugs, Study Suggests
- From ScienceDaily.com's Science News - 04/01/08
GREEN TEA can help beat superbugs, according to Egyptian scientists speaking at the 2008 Society for General Microbiology's 162nd meeting. The pharmacy researchers demonstrated that Green Tea enhances the action of important antibiotics in their fight against resistant superbugs, making them up to three times more effective. The results surprised the researchers, showing that for all types of antibiotics tested, consuming Green Tea at the same time as taking the medicines seemed to reduce the bacteria's drug resistance - even in superbug strains - and increase the action of the antibiotics. The research team from Alexandria University in Egypt wanted to determine if Green Tea would (1) interfere with the action of the antibiotics (2) have no effect or (3) increase the medicines' effects; and when tested, Green Tea enhanced the bacteria-killing activity of antibiotics in every single case against 28 disease causing micro-organisms.
Green Tea May Boost Oral Health, Reduce Tooth Loss: Drinking one cup of GREEN TEA may improve dental health and reduce the risk of losing teeth by about twenty percent ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/17/10
According to a recent study of 25,078 people aged between 40 to 64 years, scientists from Japan’s Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, found that drinking more cups appears to confer additional risk reductions, with five or more cups a day associated with a twenty-three percent reduction in riskThe findings, published in Preventive Medicine, noted that a certain level of tea catechins was required to produce the effect.  Previous studies have reported that a typical preparation of GREEN TEA containing a catechin concentration of 50–150 mg/100 ml may inhibit the action of oral bacteria linked to periodontal disease.  The newer experiments indicate that the concentration of catechins conferring better effects should be higher (more than 100 mg/100 ml).  Thus, higher catechin concentrations in one cup of Green Tea might be sufficient to aid tooth retention.  The majority of Tea research has looked at Green Tea, with benefits reported for reducing the risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improving cardiovascular and oral health, as well as aiding in weight management. The four primary polyphenols found in fresh tea leaves are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin, epicatechin gallate and epicatechin, with health benefits thought to be closely linked to catechin content.
Green Tea May Protect Against Blood Cell Cancer: Drinking five or more cups of Green Tea per day may reduce the risk of blood- and lymph-based cancers by about 50 per cent, says a new study from Japan -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 07/31/09
According to findings published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, researchers from Tohoku University School of Medicine in Japan, found that compared to people who drank only one daily cup of GREEN TEA, five cups per day were associated with a forty-two percent cent reduction in hematologic malignancies and a forty-eight percent risk reduction in lymphoid neoplasms.  The study, which followed 41,761 adults over nine years, allowed the researchers to quantify Green Tea consumption.  The risk reductions observed for people who drank five or more cups a day, compared to those who drank only cup, was not affected by the gender of the participants or their body mass index.  Consumer awareness of the benefits of Green Tea and Green Tea Extracts continues to rise with growing numbers of studies, reporting benefits of the four primary polyphenol compounds, catechins: epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG), and epicatechin (EC). Green Tea contains 30-40 percent of water-extractable polyphenols; BLACK TEA (Green Tea that has been oxidized by fermentation) contains 3-10 percent; OOLONG TEA is semi-fermented Tea and is somewhere between Green and Black Tea.
Browse all Tea information from Herbal Extracts Plus
Green Tea Slashes Heart Disease Death Risk:  Seven cups of GREEN TEA a day over the long-term may massively reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer and heart disease -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 09/08/09
According to a study of 14,001 subjects, scientists from Japan’s Okayama University found that drinking seven or more cups of GREEN TEA daily may reduce the risk of dying from heart disease by a whopping seventy-five percent, compared to those who drink less than one cup a day.  The findings, which were published in the Annals of Epidemiology, also indicated a thirty-one-percent reduction in the risk of colorectal cancer mortality for people who drank more than seven cups of Green Tea a day, compared to those drinking only three cups.  The health profile of Green Tea is increasingly known to consumers, with studies reporting a wide range of effects, including a lower risk of certain cancers, improved heart health, weight loss and protection against Alzheimer's; and the strong effects observed in the study may be due to long-term, high consumption of Green Tea. The four primary polyphenols found in fresh tealeaves are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC) epicatechin gallate (ECG), and epicatechin (EC).  The scientists concluded that the protective effects could have significant implications for public health.
Green Tea Slows Down Plaque Formation In Huntington's Disease
- From Medical News Today's Complementary/Alternative Medicine News Section - 09/09/06
"Study was able to show in an in vitro experiment that the substance epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), extracted from Green Tea, interferes with very early events in the aggregation process of the mutant huntingtin protein.  Cytoxicity is also reduced. Moreover, the mobile function of transgenic flies carrying the Huntington's gene improved when they were fed the Green Tea substance."
Groundbreaking Research Highlights Myriad Health Benefits Of Flavanol-rich Cocoa, Study By Mars, Incorporated Scientists And Researchers Worldwide
- From Medical News Today's Nutrition/Diet News Section - 07/28/06
Research has demonstrated that consumption of naturally occurring compounds in cocoa can lead to a range of circulatory health benefits including the first observed brain and cardiovascular blood flow improvements, according to research published in the latest issue of the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, in a supplement that focuses on the potential health benefits of flavanol-rich cocoa.
Half a glass of red wine 'protects from cancer'
- From The Daily Mail's Diet & Fitness Section - 11/15/07
Half a glass of red wine a day could protect you from colon cancer, scientists have discovered.  In a study conducted by the University of California, Irvine, researchers found that a diet rich in grapes can help prevent the third most common form of cancer, one that kills more than half a million people worldwide. The cancer researchers discovered that the “resveratrol” in grapes blocks a chemical pathway that helps cancer spread. They hope that as well as preventing cancer, the discovery could lead to new therapies for sufferers. It suggests that substances in grapes can block a key intracellular signaling pathway involved in the development of colon cancer before a tumor develops.
Harvard warns of high calcium-prostate cancer link
- Justfood.com, September 25, 2001 via Herb World News Online
"According to an 11-year study recently completed by researchers from Harvard University Medical School, too much dietary calcium can increase men's risk of developing prostate cancer."
Health Canada Advises Consumers Not To Use ‘Salt Spring Herbals Sleep Well Dietary Supplement' Due To Potential Health Risks
- From Medical News Today's Complementary/Alternative Medicine News Section - 09/03/06
"Health Canada is advising consumers not to use Salt Spring Herbals Sleep Well Dietary Supplement because a sample analyzed by Health Canada has been found to contain the undeclared drug estazolam, a sedative that can be habit-forming when used for as little as a few months.  Consumers already taking this product should consult with a health care professional before they stop taking the capsules, since symptoms of withdrawal are possible.  A recall has been initiated by the Canadian distributor."
Heart Beat: Beans, Beans - the Magical Fruit
- From Harvard Health Publications via HealthLine.com- 10/01/07
A published report from Harvard Medical School claims that eating Beans regularly can lower cholesterol, improve your circulatory system, influence blood sugar and lower the risk of having a heart attack. Chock-full of protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals and slowly-digested carbohydrates, Beans are an excellent alternative to red meat as a main course for a delicious and healthy meal. Check out the health benefits in White Kidney Beans via our Herbal Extracts Plus Information page.
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Herbal medicine fights for its future
- BBC News Health Section - 03/22/99
"Herbal practitioners and consumer groups have warned the government that heavy handed regulation of the industry poses a serious threat to jobs. The warning comes as Lords Health Minister Baroness Hayman pledged to tighten controls to ensure only quality products were available to the public."
Herbal Remedies 'Boost Brain Power'
- BBC News Health Section - 04/14/00
"A combination of two ancient herbal remedies can dramatically boost brain power and may have applications in medicine, say scientists. Researchers showed that Ginkgo Biloba can improve the power of concentration, while Ginseng sharpens up the memory."
Herbal Supplements May Help Reduce Anxiety:
Herbal supplements such as Passionflower and Kava have good evidence to suggest their effects in reducing anxiety ~
- From NutraIngredients-usa.com's Headlines > Research section - 10/07/10
According to a recent review published in the Nutrition Journal, researchers claim that nutritional and herbal supplementation can be an effective method for treating anxiety and anxiety-related conditions without the risk of serious side effects.  The authors claim that based on their review of scientific papers, “strong evidence exists for the use of herbal supplements containing extracts of Passionflower or Kavaas treatments for anxiety symptoms and disorders.”  Contrary to this sweeping assessment, however, was an independent comment from Professor Ernst from Peninsula Medical School, who indicated that the review was “interesting, but not of high quality.”  He did, however, also indicate that despite limitations with the study, he believed there were “several supplements which have shown promise in the treatment of anxiety.”  Depression and anxiety are two of the most common mental disorders, affecting nearly 55 million people in the United States alone, whilst psychological disorders are reported to be of the most frequent conditions seen by clinicians, often requiring a long term regimen of prescription medications.  The researchers stated that the complexities of the central nervous system make diagnoses, treatment and amelioration of these debilitating illnesses exceptionally difficult; thus, it is not surprising that there is universal interest in finding effective natural treatments.  There have been reviews to assess the clinical effectiveness of herbal and nutrient treatment, but none have been conducted systematically.  The new research paper reviews 24 studies covering five different complementary therapies and eight combination treatments, including Passionflower, lysine, magnesium, Kava and St. John’s Wort, mostly involving patients diagnosed with either an anxiety disorder or depression.  The researchers reported that 71 percent of the trials reviewed showed evidence supporting the efficacy of the supplements, adding that “any reported side effects were mild to moderate.”  Three separate studies on Passionflower were reported to show positive benefits, “providing good evidence of its effectiveness as an anxiolytic agent,” according the researchers.  Also, Kava was the most researched supplement in the review, and out of the trials measuring Kava on its own, 63 percent reported significantly reduced anxiety symptoms, proving good evidence for use in patients with general anxiety disorders.  However, Prof. Ernst noted that the review paper failed to critically evaluate the studies and was too limited, as it only considered primary research, and the lack of critical evaluation was “clearly important, as insubstantial research may not be reliable.”  The authors added that locating and quantifying the active ingredients in herbal substances were needed to create an undisputable body of evidence for their effectiveness; thus, clinical trials and further research are needed before any definitive conclusions may be drawn.
Herbals Plus Conventional Meds Can Be Dangerous Mix
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 05/29/06
"Mix and match may work well when buying clothes, but if the product is medicine, it's better to seek professional advice. According to a new study, older women who mix over-the-counter, herbal and prescribed medication regularly could be risking their health. And, the report in the March issue of Geriatric Nursing suggests, this danger often goes unnoticed, because many women neglect to tell their doctors about all the different medications they take."
High cholesterol linked to prostate cancer
- From NewsScientist.com's Health News - 04/12/06
Italian researchers have found what they call the first direct association between high cholesterol levels and prostate cancer.
Homeopathic and herbal prescribing in general practice in Scotland
- From the Pub Med Central/the British Pharmacological Society, part of the National Institutes for Health- 11/28/06
A new survey suggests that as many as sixty percent of Scottish doctors prescribe homeopathic or herbal remedies to patients, including babies and children. According to a study of nearly two million patients, which was published in the December, 2006, issue of the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, the research team discovered that: 49 percent of practices prescribed a total of 193 different homeopathic remedies, and 32 percent prescribed seventeen different herbal remedies. The top five prescribed herbal remedies were: Gentian (poor appetite, digestive problems), Cranberry (urinary tract infection), Digestodoron (indigestion, heartburn, constipation), Evening Primrose (PMT) and Laxadoron (constipation).
Homeopathy “no cancer care harm” – Some homeopathic medicines may ease the side-effects of cancer treatments without interfering in how they work:
- From the BBC News website's Health section - 04/15/09
A scientific review conducted by Britain’s Peninsula Medical School and Royal London Homeopathic Hospital has concluded that some homeopathic medicines – in particular, Calendula, for preventing dermatitis and mouth sores - may alleviate some of the unpleasant side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy without interfering with those treatments.  One study, seeking ways to counter skin reactions of Radiotherapy, concluded that CALENDULA (from MARIGOLDS) reduced acute dermatitis in breast cancer patients more effectively than the more conventional treatment, trolamine.  Another study, looking into the treatment of chemotherapy’s side-effects found that “Traumeel- S,” a mixture that includes Belladonna, Arnica, ST. JOHN’S WORT and ECHINACEA, was effective in reducing stomatisis (painful mouth sores) when used as a mouthwash.  Although more research is needed; overall, this new piece of evidence simply confirms plenty of previous research demonstrating the unproven nature of homeopathy.
Honey Extract May Ease Heat Stress for Cyclists:
- From Nutraingredients.com - 06/24/09
An extract from BEE PROPOLIS, the waxy resin collected by honeybees, may reduce the detrimental effects of prolonged exercising in hot climates.  According to researchers at the Chinese Culture University in Taiwan, heat stress leads to increased free radical production and endurance impairment, but a phenolic compound from Propolis, may protect against these detrimental effects.  It is reported that Propolis contains about 180 different compounds, and it has previously been linked to improvements of general health, skin health and oral healthThe new findings, published in the Journal of Food, indicate that the Propolis extract created reversal or reduced hyperthermia-induced effects, including a decline in cell death (necrosis), inhibition of the over-production of superoxide and a lessening in depletion of glutathione.  This may enhance the hyperthermal tolerance via antioxidative effect.
Hope for guys: Beer ingredient eyed in prostate cancer prevention: Xanthohumol, a compound is found in HOPS, the bitter flavoring agent in beer, may someday help ward off prostate cancer -
- From USAToday.com's News > Health & Behavior section - 12/09/09
Research from the Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany, has found that xanthohumol, a flavonoid found in HOPS, may ward off prostate cancer.  In animal models, German researchers found that it can block testosterone, the male hormone that plays a role in the cancer’s development.  Xanthohumol is a flavonoid, a group found in many plants, fruits, vegetables and spices, and studies have shown that it blocks the way estrogen works by binding to its receptor, which could also potentially lead to prevention of breast cancer.  It's known that estrogen and testosterone receptors react in similar ways.  For this study, the team started with hormone-dependent prostate cancer cells and stimulated them with testosterone, which led to a massive secretion of prostate specific antigen (PSA), but when the cells were treated with testosterone and xanthohumol together, PSA secretion was inhibited, and this was dependent on the dose of xanthohumol.  Stressing that the studies are only preliminary, the researchers hope that one day they will be able to demonstrate that the Hops compound may prevent prostate cancer development in humans.
Horny Goat Weed Shows Promise for ED Ingredient in Herb Acts as a Natural Viagra
- From WebMD.com's Health News - 09/25/08
A team of researchers from the University of Milan have discovered that HORNY GOAT WEED, a plant used in herbal medicine for sexual dysfunction, acts the same way that Viagra does.   Although this herb has been used for centuries as a powerful aphrodisiac and means to enhance erectile function, modern scientists may now be a step closer to discovering how the compound, icariin, from Horny Goat Weed actually works.  Viagra works by inhibiting an enzyme called PDE-5, thereby keeping blood flowing to the penis, which helps to reach and maintain an erection.  The scientists tested icariin and other plant compounds in a lab by exposing them to an enzyme that regulates blood flow to the penis and found that its effect in the lab was similar to that of Viagra.
Hospitals and Superbugs: Go in Sick... Get Sicker - Nearly 100,000 people die every year from bugs that they pick up in health care facilities
- From ScientificAmerican.com - 10/18/07; link updated 12/11/12
According to a study published in JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association, MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) causes some 94,000 invasive infections in the U.S. each year, resulting in almost 19,000 deaths—more than those caused by HIV.

MRSA is a potent bacterium that has developed resistance to most antibiotics, making it difficult to treat and potentially fatal.  Infections frequently cause painful boils or long-lasting infected wounds that ooze pus and may not respond to conventional antibiotics, dressings and bed rest.  Sometimes, surgery is required to remove infected tissue or treatment with a wound V.A.C., a suction device that aids healing by vacuuming pus, blood and other fluids. It is frequently difficult to pinpoint the source of infection.  Sometimes it may stem from a dirty instrument or from unwashed hands or the contaminated gloves of a health care worker. But one thing is almost certain: Deadly staph can be picked up at a hospital.

Interestingly, recent information has surfaced with regard to the herb, TURMERIC, and its superior actions as an antibacterial.  Many claims have emerged that Turmeric’s potent antibiotic qualities may be helpful in combating MRSA. For further reading about MRSA, we have another article for you to read: An Infection I Just Couldn’t Shake

How your diet can help fight inflammation - High C-reactive protein levels in your body may boost chronic disease risks
- From MSNBC Health's Fitness Section - 06/02/06
"Is inflammation good or bad?  Inflammation can be a good sign. When your thumb swells after you accidentally bang it with a hammer, your immune system sends white blood cells and other hormone-like substances to help start the healing process. This swelling reaction is one kind of inflammation that's easy to see.  But scientists say that another invisible kind can occur throughout the body, over and over again, and it may increase our risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and even cancer."
Industry hails bill on adverse events reporting
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's News - 06/22/06
"An amendment to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act that would obligate supplement manufacturers, packers and distributors to notify FDA of any serious adverse events reports (AERs) was introduced yesterday, to the applause of the industry associations."
Is Caffeine Behind Coffee's Anti-Diabetic Effects?  Coffee’s widely-reported potential anti-diabetes benefits may be related to the caffeine content of the beverage ~
- From NutraIngredients-usa.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/10/10
According to new research from Japan’s Nagoya University, COFFEE can prevent the development of high-blood sugar, as well as improve sensitivity to insulin, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes.  Studying animal models, the researchers noted that after five weeks, the coffee-fed animals did not develop high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), while levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including protein (MCP-1) and interleukin-6, were reduced.  Writing in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the scientists claim that the results showed caffeine as one of the most effective anti-diabetic compounds in Coffee and seek to identify the target tissues upon which Coffee or caffeine acts directly, as well as classify other effective anti-diabetic compounds in Coffee, other than caffeine.  Nonetheless, the present results suggest that Coffee consumption may help to prevent Type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.  The results are consistent with a growing body of research, much of which was compiled in the Archives of Internal Medicine (12/09) by scientists from the University of Sydney, Australia.  Data from over 500,000 individuals with over 21,000 cases of Type-2 diabetes from prospective studies showed that drinking three to four cups of Coffee may reduce the risk of developing diabetes by twenty-five percent.  Beyond caffeine, other groups of researchers have come up with other suggestions for the potential mechanism.  Some have noted that the potential benefits may be related to Coffee’s antioxidant content, which may counter the oxidative stress that promotes dysfunction of beta cells in the pancreas and boost insulin resistance.  Another potential mechanism involves the chlorogenic acid content of Coffee and the compounds it forms on degradation, with previous studies linking these degradation products to reduced glucose absorption in the intestine. There is also evidence suggesting that the magnesium content of Coffee may also play a role in the potential reduction in the risk of type-2 diabetes. Coffee, continues to generate research and interest with data linking it to improved liver health, in addition to the potential anti-diabetes benefits.
Juice 'Prevents Clogged Arteries' - Juices made from APPLE or Purple GRAPE - and the fruit themselves - protect against developing clogged arteries, a study suggests
- From the BBC News website's Health section - 05/16/08
According to a report published in Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, animal studies conducted by French researchers at the Université Montpellier, indicate that Grapes and Apples and their juices can prevent the development of atherosclerosis.  The report claimed that animals eating a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (designed to promote atherosclerosis), who were fed Grape juice, had the lowest risk of developing artery problems, reports.  Juice made from Purple Grapes had the most beneficial effect.  The findings suggest the amount of phenols contained in a food have a direct effect on its antioxidant properties, and the juice's benefits came from its high levels of phenols - an antioxidant.  Antioxidants in various foods have been regularly cited as being beneficial to heart health.   The researchers found that fruit juices had a more powerful anti-atherosclerotic effect than the fruit itself, showing for the first time that processing fruit can have a "major impact" on its health benefits.
Key To Cinnamon Antiviral Extract Found In The Bible
- From Medical News Today's Complimentary Medicine/Alternative Medicine section - 07/25/07
Because ancient Jewish High Priests prepared a holy oil used on their bodies before they made a ritual animal sacrifice, an Israeli researcher  "had a hunch” that this Cinnamon-based oil played a role in preventing the spread of infection to people. Initial experiments proved that Cinnamon extract was able to quickly and effectively immunize chicken embryos from virus, and further studies on Avian Flu, HIV virus and Herpes Simplex also achieved positive results.  The deadly Bird Flu virus is still associated with significant mortality worldwide, especially now that people travel regularly and work together in offices and closed spaces, and until a vaccine is invented, antivirals will be the only medical intervention for use in such a pandemic.  Use of a Cinnamon extract is expected in a whole host of applications from disinfecting the air as a spray against Avian Flu in airports to a daily supplement that protects people against the common flu.
Kitchen Cupboard or Medicine Cabinet?
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 06/09/06
"Friday, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- "Take two bites of chocolate, a sip of burgundy, a filet of fresh fish, and call me in the morning."   Wouldn't that be a great prescription?  It may not be too far off the mark. Studies are suggesting that some of the food on your dinner plates and the drinks in your glasses may be more than just life-sustaining, they may be life-preserving, too, loaded with real power to heal."
Long-Term Coffee Consumption Linked to Reduced Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
- Press Release from the Harvard School of Public Health, January 5, 2004
"Boston, MA- A study by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital has found that participants who regularly drank coffee significantly reduced the risk of onset of Type-2 diabetes, compared to non-coffee drinking participants."
Low folate levels could cut colon cancer risk
- From HealthDay News via HealingWell.com - 04/25/06
"Tuesday, April 25 (HealthDay News) -- Conventional wisdom has indicated that high levels of folate cut risks for colorectal cancer, but a new study suggests low levels may do the trick, too."
Low Iron Could Help Spur Baldness
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 05/31/06
"Could iron deficiency be key to baldness? The answer is yes, according to researchers at the Cleveland Clinic, who reviewed scientific literature on the connection published over the past 40 years. 'If doctors can understand fully the relationship between iron deficiency and hair loss, then they can help people regrow hair more effectively,' study leader Dr. Wilma Bergfeld, head of clinical research in the department of dermatology, said in a prepared statement. 'We believe that iron deficiency may be related to many forms of hair loss and that people may need higher levels of iron stores than previously thought to regrow hair.' "
Medicinal Plants From Saxon Times To The 21st Century
- From the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain via Medical News Today - 04/28/06
"A joint initiative between the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain's Museum and four other medical museums in London will explore the history of medicinal plants as part of the national Museums and Galleries Month (MGM) 2006."
Memory slow? Drink some joe! - Older women who consume three cups of Coffee a day have sharper cognitive skills, study says.
- From HealthDay News via USnews.com's Health section - 08/06/07
Coffee may jolt more than just the nervous system. The results of a new French study, published in the August issue of the journal, Neurology, found that caffeine seemed to help preserve the cognitive skills of older women, and the benefits increased with age and the amount of coffee consumed.  How might caffeine help ward off cognitive decline? “It is a cognitive stimulant,” said study leader, Ritchie, from the French National Institute for Health and Medical Research. “It also helps to reduce levels of the protein called beta-amyloid in the brain,” she said, “whose accumulation is responsible for Alzheimer's disease but which also occurs in normal ageing.” The French study confirms previous research, said William Scott, professor of medicine at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, who has researched caffeine's beneficial effects against Parkinson's disease, also a neurodegenerative disorder.
Menopausal Women Don't Get Enough Guidance On Treatment Options, Stanford Survey Shows
- Medical News Today's Women's Health/OBGYN News Section - 06/18/06
"Few women are consulting their doctors before opting to use herbal therapies and soy products to treat their menopausal symptoms, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found. The trend is of particular note because growing numbers of women are turning to alternative therapies to relieve such symptoms as hot flashes, headaches, mood swings and sleep disruptions because of concerns about health risks associated with hormone therapy, which is still considered the most effective way of treating such difficulties. The researchers recommend that physicians learn more about these products so that they can help their patients choose safe, effective methods of treating their symptoms."
Milk Thistle Cuts Chemotherapy-Induced Liver Inflammation: The medicinal herb, Milk Thistle, can reduce liver inflammation caused by chemotherapy in cancer patients –
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's News Headlines > Research section - 01/08/10
According to a new research published in Cancer, the American Cancer Society journal, Milk Thistle, an herb that has been used for two thousand years to treat chronic liver disease and protect the liver against toxins, may lessen inflammation for those undergoing chemotherapy.  Moreover, the Milk Thistle treatment seemed to help patients endure higher doses of chemotherapy.  The study was conducted on children who developed liver inflammation after undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and after 56 days of oral treatment with Milk Thistle in capsule form, the patients showed significantly lower levels of aminotransferases (markers indicating inflammation in liver cells) and bilirubin (marker for liver cell damage).  Chemotherapy drugs often cause liver inflammation requiring lower than optimal doses or a temporary suspension of treatment until the inflammation subsides, which can compromise its effectiveness, but the new research indicates that Milk Thistle may, in fact, reduce liver inflammation.  In a statement issued by the American Cancer Society, “Milk Thistle needs to be studied further, to see how effective it is for a longer course of treatment and whether it works well in reducing liver inflammation in other types of cancers and with other types of chemotherapy.  However, our results are promising, as there are no substitute medications for treating liver toxicity.”
More Fiber, Less Fat Help Prevent Ovarian Cancer – Long-term dietary change led to 40% reduction in risk, study found
- From HealthDay News via Bio-Medicine.org's Medicine > News section - 10/09/07
According to research conducted by the Cancer Research Center, in Seattle, Washington, older women who stick to a low-fat, high-fiber diet could cut their odds for deadly ovarian cancer. Postmenopausal women who stayed on the high fiber/low fat regimen for more than eight years reduced their risk for the disease by forty percent. The same team has also shown that low-fat/high fiber diets cut the odds of breast and colorectal cancers.  Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cancer killer of women, and ovarian tumors are a "stealth killer," because they are notoriously difficult to detect in their early stages.  Read this important article to find out how simple dietary changes can impact your health for the better.
Mushroom Drug Cancer Secret Probe: Scientists discover how wild mushroom cancer drug works -
- From the BBC News website's Health > Medical Notes section - 12/29/09
Recent research from Britain’s University of Nottingham has found that cordycepin, a compound extracted from the Cordyceps Mushroom may be modified to treat a range of different cancers.  Cordycepin, commonly used in Chinese medicine, was originally extracted from the rare parasitic Cordyceps Mushroom that grows on caterpillars and has been studied by medical researchers for some time.  The first scientific publication on cordycepin was in 1950, showing great promise as a cancer drug; but the researchers also found that it was quickly degraded in the body.  As a result, researchers turned their interest to other potential candidate drugs, and thus, exactly how cordycepin worked on the body's cells remained unclear.  However, the current research team claims their work can help make the drug more effective and useful for treating a wider range of cancers.  It will be possible to predict what types of cancers might be sensitive and what other cancer drugs it may effectively combine with. The study will appear in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, and the discovery will open up the possibility of investigating the range of different cancers that may be treated with cordycepin.  It could also lay the groundwork for the design of new cancer drugs that work on the same principle.
Mushrooms, green tea may lower breast cancer risk: Study aims to uncover why rate of the disease is lower in Chinese women
- From Reuters.com - 03/13/09
New research published in the International Journal of Cancer suggests that women who get plenty of fresh and dried Mushrooms and Green Tea in their diets may have a lower risk of developing breast cancer.  The study of more than two thousand Chinese women found that the more fresh and dried Mushrooms the women ate, the lower their breast cancer risk was. The risk was lower still among those who also drank Green Tea every day.  It is known that the rate of breast cancer in China is four- to five- times lower than rates typically seen in developed countries.  It's too early for women to assume that the foods will help them avoid the cancer; but it is biologically plausible, the researchers point out, since lab research has shown that Mushroom Extracts (Maitake, Reishi, Shiitake) have anti-tumor properties and can stimulate the immune system's cancer defenses.  For its part, Green Tea contains antioxidant compounds called polyphenols that have been shown to fight breast tumors in animals.  The current findings suggest that traditional diets - and specifically, large quantities of Mushrooms and Green Tea - may help explain China's lower incidence of breast cancer.
New Clue to How Chinese Remedy Curbs Drinking:
Kudzu Root Might Dampen Desire for More Alcohol ~
- From www.usnews.com's Health > Managing Your Healthcare section - 01/19/11
In China, Kudzu Root has long been used to reduce, but not stop, alcohol consumption and dependence, but the mechanism of action has been a mystery.  According to study results published in the journal, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, scientists from Harvard Medical School and Brown University found that taking Kudzu Root Extract to curb drinking leads to an increase in blood ethanol levels, which might lessen the desire for more alcohol.  Examining this ancient remedy, the scientists assigned twelve male and female participants to take Kudzu or a placebo for nine days and then consume various quantities of alcohol so that the researchers could evaluate alcohol-related effects.  The researchers noted that pre-treatment with Kudzu had little to no effect on the subjects' behavioral, physical or cognitive abilities, but it did cause an increase in heart rate, skin temperature and blood alcohol levels.  Based on these findings, the scientists suggest that raised blood alcohol levels could translate into increased effects from the first alcoholic drink and delay a person's desire to drink more, but  because there is still no definitive explanation for the rapid rise in blood alcohol levels, use of Kudzu will required additional research, and the researchers plan to use MRI scans to determine if Kudzu alters blood flow in the brain.
New method shows mushrooms a top source for one antioxidant
- From Penn State University's Research News section - 08/31/05
Using a new, more sensitive-testing approach they developed for fungi, Penn State food scientists have found that mushrooms are a better natural source of the antioxidant ergothioneine than either of the two dietary sources previously believed to be best. The researchers found that white button mushrooms, the most commonly consumed kind in the U.S., have about 12 times more of the antioxidant than wheat germ and 4 times more than chicken liver, the previous top-rated ergothioneine sources based on available data.
Nutrient Combo May Curb Hearing Loss - Mix of Magnesium and Vitamins A, C, E May Help Prevent Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
- From WebMD.com's Health News - 03/30/07
Taken together, magnesium and vitamins A, C and E may help protect the ears from noise-induced hearing loss, according to scientists at the University of Michigan's Kresge Hearing Research Institute. So far the team has tested the nutrient mixture against noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs, but the results of those guinea pig tests provide a "compelling rationale for human trials," the researchers write. The University of Michigan has applied for patents for the nutrient combination's use in preventing noise-induced hearing loss.
Nutritional Benefits of Eating Berries
- From About.com's Nutrition section - 05/19/08
Overwhelming evidence suggests that edible small and soft-fleshed berry fruits can have beneficial effects against several types of human cancers.  The anticancer potential of berries has been related, at least in part, to a multitude of bioactive phytochemicals that these colorful fruits contain, including polyphenols (flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, etc.) that can help to prevent some diseases. The pigments that give berries their beautiful blue and red hues are also good for your health.  For example, Cranberries and Blueberries contain a substance that may prevent bladder infections.  Eating a diet rich in Blackberries, Blueberries, Raspberries, Bilberries, Lingonberries, Cranberries, Strawberries (and others) may help to reduce your risk of several types of cancers, and Blueberries, Bilberries and Red Raspberries also contain lutein, which is important for healthy vision.

If you have ever had the pleasure of picking berries right from a garden or gathering wild berries in the woods, you already know how wonderful fresh berries are.   If you don’t have time to skip through the woods with a basket, get your healthy polyphenols and vitamins in supplemental BLUEBERRY, BILBERRY, CRANBERRY, RED RASPBERRY from Herbal Extracts Plus.

Please read this article for important health information and interesting recipes for creating healthy berry treats – perfect for summer!  Then click on the individual herbs to see exactly how nutritious and valuable these berries are!

Obesity Linked To Acid Reflux Disease
- From ScienceDaily.com - 12/19/06
According to a new article in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), more commonly known as Acid Reflux, is linked to obesity. Since GERD is strongly associated with more serious conditions, such as esophageal ulcers and cancer, weight reduction therapy may be useful in treatment and prevention of these conditions.
Older Workers - Living Longer, Working Longer
- From the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - 10/12/06
You'd think that retiring would make you healthier. Finally, you can leave all the stress of the working world behind. Think again! Complete retirement leads to an eleven percent decline in mental health, an eight percent increase in illness, and a twenty-three percent increase in difficulty performing daily activities over a six-year period, according to Dhaval Dave of the National Bureau of Economic Research and Bentley College, Waltham, Massachusetts. There's a quick fix for this: Keep working.
Olive oil chemical may help fight inflammation
Compound in extra-virgin has similar effects as ibuprofen, scientists say
- From Reuter's Health via MSNBC's Health Section - 08/31/05
"LONDON - Scientists have just found out what gourmets have always known - that there is something special about fresh extra-virgin olive oil.  A tasting experience at a molecular gastronomy meeting in Sicily led University of Pennsylvania biologist Gary Beauchamp to analyze freshly pressed extra-virgin olive oil, in which he found a chemical that acted like ibuprofen."
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Guard Against Advanced Prostate Cancer: Even men genetically predisposed to disease benefit from eating fish, study finds
- From HealthDay News via USNews.com's Health > HealthDay Section - 03/24/09
Research from the University of California, and published in the April issue of Clinical Cancer Research, has indicated that OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS may help protect men against advanced prostate cancer.  Eating a healthy diet that includes dark fish, such as salmon, and other sources of long-chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids may decrease the risk of more advanced prostate cancer, even if one has a cox-2 genetic predisposition to the disease.  Men with a genetic variant in the cox-2 gene appear to be at higher risk, and the researchers detected strong protective associations between increasing intake of long-chain Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and advanced prostate cancer.  Men in the high-risk group with the highest intake of Omega-3 Fatty Acids had a 63 percent lower risk, compared with men who had the lowest intake of Omega-3s, who had a substantially increased risk.  Moreover, the results further support the hypothesis that long-chain Omega-3s may modify prostate inflammation through the cyclooxygenase (cox) pathway.  Eating fish at least once a week may reduce the risk of developing advanced prostate cancer, even if one is genetically predisposed to developing the disease, but the American Cancer Society thinks the jury is still out on connecting Omega-3s with lower risk of advanced prostate cancer, and more work is needed to see if the association is real.
Omega-3 Foods May Lower Eye Disease Risk
- From EverydayHealth.com's Health News - 06/13/08
In a study from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and  published in the journal, Archives of Ophthalmology, consuming fish and other foods that contain OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS may reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of severe vision loss in elderly people. The researchers noted that long-chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids form an integral part of the layer of nerve cells in the retina, and because outer cells of the retina are continually shed, deficiencies in Omega-3 Fatty Acids may cause AMD if not adequately regenerated.  The findings suggest that a high dietary intake of Omega-3 Fatty Acids is associated with a thirty-eight percent reduced risk of late (advanced) AMD, and that eating fish twice a week is associated with a reduced risk of both early and late AMD.
Omega-3 May Combat Mouth Bacteria, Boost Oral Health ~ Dental health benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids may include antibacterial effects, extending the benefits beyond inflammation:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 02/05/10
Recent research conducted by the University of Kentucky found that Omega-3 Fatty Acids demonstrated strong antibacterial activity against a range of oral pathogens.  The findings, which were published in Molecular Oral Microbiology, indicated that EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) and their fatty acid ethyl esters could inhibit the growth of oral pathogens, including Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans and Porphyromonas ginigivalis at relatively low doses.  This is the first study to demonstrate the significant antibacterial activity of Omega-3’s, as most Omega-3 studies on oral health have focused on inflammation; for some reason, antibacterial activity has been ignored, and the scientists note that the antibacterial aspect of Omega-3s could be very important.  The study, sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, found that all the Omega-3 compounds exhibited strong (50 percent) antibacterial inhibitory activity.  According to the researchers, the science is promising and although the data support the in vitro effect, the in vivo effects still need to be empirically determined.
Omega-3 Plus Statins Effective For Enhanced Blood Lipid Control: Study
Combining statins with Omega-3 Fatty Acids may be more effective at managing raised blood lipid levels than statins alone ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 10/06/10
Helping to support the already extensive data linking Omega-3 Fatty Acids intake with improved measures of cardiovascular health, a study from Korea’s Seoul National University Hospital indicated that six weeks of dual therapy was found to reduce blood levels of triglycerides by 41.0 percent, compared to 13.9 percent in the group receiving only statins (i.e., simvastatin). The scientists reported that the combination of Omega-3 Fatty Acids, plus simvastatin, achieved a significantly greater reduction of triglycerides without adverse reactions and should be considered as an optimal treatment option for patients with mixed dyslipidemia.  The heart health benefits of consuming oily fish, and the Omega-3 Fatty Acids they contain, was first reported in the early 1970s in The Lancet and The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  To date, the polyunsaturated fatty acids have been linked to improvements in blood lipid levels, a reduced tendency of thrombosis, blood pressure and heart rate improvements, as well as improved vascular function.  Beyond heart health, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, most notably EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), have been linked to a wide-range of health benefits, including reduced risk of certain cancers, good development of a baby during pregnancy, joint health and improved behaviour and mood. The new findings, which were published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, suggest that in contrast to the potential serious side effects of combinations of statins with fibrate, a combination therapy of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and simvastatin showed few adverse events; thus, it could be considered as a good therapeutic choice for patients with mixed dyslipidemia, lowering triglycerides by 40 percent without mitigating LDL cholesterol reduction by statins.  The study was funded by the Innovative Research Institute for Cell Therapy (IRICT) and the Clinical Research Center for Ischemic Heart Disease in South Korea.
OMEGA-3, Some Omega-6, Fatty Acids Boost Cardiovascular HealthReduce heart attack risk and blood pressure, studies show:
- From HealthDay News via MSN Health & Fitness's Nutrition section - 07/07/08; link updated 12/11/12
Two international research teams claim that high intake of the Omega-3 Fatty Essential Acids found in oily fish, green leafy vegetables, grains, seeds, nuts and cooking oils (only from certain vegetable sources) appear to help prevent heart attacks, while the Omega-6 Fatty Acids found in vegetables, nuts, grains and seeds (but not meat sources, which can cause inflammation), help keep blood pressure low.  The news, reported by Harvard Medical School and Northwestern University, indicated that research from Costa Rica found that high intake of linolenic acid, an Omega-3 Fatty Acid, reduced the risk of heart attack by fifty-nine percent; and related studies from China, Japan, the United States and the United Kingdom found a significant relationship between intake of certain some acid, an Omega-6 Fatty Acid, and lower blood pressure.  

Interestingly, fish is not the only source of Omega-3 Acids; Flaxseed contains twice as much as fish oil!  Good sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Flaxseed, Pumpkin Seed, Walnut, Spirulina, Mustard Seed, Soy.  Good Sources of Omega-6 Fatty Acids include Flaxseed, Safflower, Sunflower, Evening Primrose, Pumpkin Seed, Corn, Soy, and Wheatgerm.

Omega-3 Supplementation Backed For Depression In Elderly ~
Supplementation with Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids could help to reduce the symptoms of depression in elderly people.
- From NutraIngredients.com - 10/12/12
Omega-3, Vitamin D Levels Cut Risk of Eye Disease - They lower odds of age-related macular degeneration, studies find.
- From HealthDay News via ABCnews.com's Health section - 05/15/07
The results of two studies published in the May issue of the journal, Archives of Ophthalmology, indicate that eating plenty of fish rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids - such as tuna and salmon - may reduce the risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration, and that people with higher blood levels of Vitamin D may reduce their risk of early stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of blindness among older adults in the United States. Researchers in the first study found that Omega-3 Fatty Acids may help ensure proper blood vessel function in the retina and also reduce inflammation and maintain energy balance. In the second study, researchers found that those with the highest levels of Vitamin D in their blood had a forty percent lower risk of early AMD than those with the lowest levels and that Vitamin D may lower the risk of AMD by reducing inflammation or preventing the growth of new blood vessels in the retina, which contributes to some forms of the eye disease.
Omega-3s can lower blood pressure - Fatty acids have small, but important effect on hypertension, study finds
- From Reuters via MSNBC - 06/05/07
In a study reported in the American Heart Association Journal, researchers from Northwestern University indicated that a diet rich in nutrients called Omega-3 Fatty Acids can help lower a person’s blood pressure.  When it comes to Omega-3 Fatty Acids, fatty fish such as trout, salmon and mackerel are rich in this crucial group of nutrients, and Walnuts, Flaxseed and canola oil are also good sources.  Omega-3 Fatty Acid intake has also been linked to better brain development and a lower overall risk of cancer and heart disease.
Omega-3s May Bring On Better Mood
- From HealthDay News via HealingWell.com - 03/04/06
"Heart-healthy Omega-3 Fatty Acids, like those found in fish, may give a boost to behavior, mood and personality, new research suggests."
Omega-3 May Reduce Gum Disease: Study
Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake is Inversely Associated With Periodontitis in the U. S. Population ~ 
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 10/27/10
According to research from Harvard Medical School, moderate dietary intake of the Omega-3 Fatty Acids DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) were associated with a decreased prevalence of periodontitis of up to twenty percent.  Periodontitis is a common, chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by gum tissue separation from the tooth, forming a periodontal pocket that can lead to bone and tooth loss. Traditional therapies for periodontitis focus on targeting the bacterial infection, and treatment has primarily involved mechanical cleaning and local antibiotic application.  However, more recent therapeutic strategies have targeted the response to the infection, which is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis.  The new findings, which were published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, refocus attention on the anti-inflammatory potential of the fatty acids for reducing the risk of periodontitis.  The scientists point out that a dietary therapy, if effective, might be a less expensive and safer method for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.  A previous study, published in Molecular Oral Microbiology, reported potential antibacterial effects, extending the benefits beyond inflammation when researchers from the University of Kentucky found that EPA, DHA and ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) could inhibit the growth of oral pathogens, including Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans and Porphyromonas ginigivalis at relatively low doses.  The study was said to be the first to demonstrate an antibacterial activity of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and their esters against oral pathogens.  In an accompanying commentary, Professor Kaye of Boston University said that the findings “of a protective association between higher intakes of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and periodontal disease are well-founded…and the findings encouraging in that they suggest it may be possible to attain clinically meaningful benefits for periodontal disease at modest levels of Omega-3 Fatty Acid intakes from foods.”  The researchers of the new study suggest that given the evidence indicating a role for  Omega-3 Fatty Acids in other chronic inflammatory conditions, it is possible that treating periodontitis with the fatty acids could have the added benefit of preventing other chronic diseases associated with inflammation and added that further interventional studies are needed to confirm the potential protective effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on periodontitis.
Onion Compound May Protect Colon From Cancer:
- From NutraIngredients.com - 09/10/09
Colorectal cancer accounts for nine percent of new cancer cases every year worldwide, with the highest incidence rates in the developed world, while Asia and Africa have the lowest incidence rates. A new study from the University of Ottawa (Canada), the University of Aberdeen (Scotland) and National Cancer Registry (Ireland) and published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that increased intakes of the flavonoid, QUERCETIN, which is found in Onion and other plants may reduce the risk of developing cancer of the colon by fifty percent.  The researchers also found that increased intakes of plant flavonols in general were associated with a forty percent reduction in the risk of developing colorectal cancer.  The researchers did not study the mechanism behind the potential beneficial effects, but an earlier study (2008) from UCLA suggested that flavonoids may act by blocking the formation of blood vessels that feed tumor growth and spreading (angiogenesis).  A potential role in apoptosis, or naturally programmed cell death, may also be occurring. Flavonoids include anthocyanins found in berries (i.e., Blueberry, Bilberry) - flavonols in a variety of fruits and vegetables – flavones (i.e. Parsley and Thyme) - flavanones from citrus - isoflavones from Soy - flavonols like the catechins in teas -  and proanthocyanidins from berries, wine and chocolate.  A vast body of epidemiological studies has linked increased dietary intake of antioxidants from fruits, vegetables, Coffee, wine (Red Wine Extract), Chocolate (Cocoa), Teas (highest in Green Tea), and other foods to reduced risks of a range of diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The researchers concluded that flavonols, specifically Quercetin, may be linked with reduced risk of developing colon cancer.
Oral Herbs - Ancient Wisdom, Modern Science
- From The Star Online's Health Section - 08/20/06
"ORAL health is not only important for your appearance and sense of wellbeing but also your overall health, and there is evidence to back the claim...Herbal-based products are gaining popularity in oral health.  Oral care products containing herbs like neem, pudina and meswak are common and have been found to be useful not only in containing dental caries, but also relieve toothache and bad odour."
Pepper May Help Disfiguring Skin Condition - Finding Could Lead to Better Treatments for Vitiligo
- From Reuters via MSNBC.com's Health/Skin and beauty section - 02/14/08
In a study at King’s College, London, British researchers claimed that piperine, the compound that gives Black Pepper (and White Pepper and Green Pepper) its spicy, pungent flavor, helped stimulate pigmentation in the skin of people with vitiligo.  In the study to be published in the British Journal of Dermatology, the researchers stated that the piperine in Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) was particularly effective when combined with phototherapy treatment using ultraviolet radiation and could lead to better treatments for the disfiguring skin condition that affects about one percent of the world’s population.
Peppermint Oil, Fiber Can Fight Irritable BowelThese Older Treatments May Sometimes Work Best, researchers say
- From HealthDay News via USNews.com's Health Section - 11/14/08
According to a new study from McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, the best therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) may be older, cheaper drugs such as Fiber, Antispasmodics and Peppermint.  The researchers claim that these simple treatments have fallen out of favor because of the availability of newer (and more expensive) drugs, some of which have been taken off the market due to safety concerns.  But the experts say more traditional therapies should become first-line treatments in guidelines for the treatment of IBS; and, importantly, there were no serious side effects associated with any of these treatments.  In clinical trials, only soluble fiber, such as Ispaghula husk (also known as PSYLLIUM), reduced symptoms when compared with insoluble fiber (bran).  Peppermint oil appeared to be the most effective therapy of those reviewed, the researchers found.  For some patients with pain and diarrhea the antispasmodics may be useful.  Patients with constipation should try fiber (PEA FIBER is also soluble), and for other patients, PEPPERMINT may be helpful; these treatments might be slightly more effective than recently thought and they are worth trying.
Plant-Based Flavonoid May Cut Ovarian Cancer Risk: 
In a large, population-based study, funded by the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, and published in the International Journal of Cancer, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School demonstrated that increased intake of the flavonoid, apigenin, which is found in PARSLEY, CELERY, RED WINE and TOMATO, may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by twenty percent.  Flavanoids are compounds with antioxidant properties that protect cells against damage by oxygen molecules. The positive mechanism included an inhibitory effect on endogenous estrogen activity, or a reduction on circulating estrogen levels, via competition for estrogen receptors or suppression of estrogen biosynthesis. The researchers say that these results are promising, but more research is needed to confirm this association. Use the links below to access each of two important articles about these studies, and also the related products mentioned in the paragraph above that are availalbe from Herbal Extracts Plus.
Article 1: Plant-based flavonoid may cut ovarian cancer risk - From Reuters website's Health News section - 04/22/09
Article 2: Celery flavonoid may cut ovarian cancer risk - From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Research section - 04/30/09
Polyphenol-Rich Seaweed Extracts May Have Anti-Diabetic Effects:
Extracts from edible seaweed may have anti-diabetic effects due to ability to inhibit certain digestive enzymes~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/25/10
New research from Scotland’s University of Abertay, Dundee, suggests that polyphenolic-rich extracts from several species of commonly-found edible seaweed may possess the capacity to inhibit digestive enzymes - as well as having potential to inhibit colon cancer. The findings, published in Food Chemistry, outline potential biological activities of polyphenols from edible seaweeds and, in particular, suggest that components in Ascophyllum nodosum (Green/Brown Kelp) have potential anti-diabetic effects through the inhibition of both alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase. The polyphenol rich extracts have potential anti-diabetic effects through the modulation of glucose-induced oxidative stress and inhibition of starch-digestive enzymes (alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase). These soluble polysaccharides may also act as prebiotics, stimulating growth of beneficial bacteria in the colon.  Edible marine macroalgae, such as seaweeds, form an important part of the diet in many far Eastern countries, and although they are less used as foods in Western countries, their use is well documented. Apart from food, cosmetic and other commercial uses, edible seaweeds contain a range of components which have been suggested to have potential health benefits. They are good sources of dietary soluble fibre, especially alginates, which can influence satiety and glucose uptake from foods. Moreover, as well as being sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids, minerals and certain vitamins, edible seaweeds can contain appreciable amounts of polyphenols, which are effective antioxidants and may influence other biological activities. The researchers note, for example, that “polyphenol-rich extracts and isolated phlorotannin components have been shown to inhibit proliferation of cancer cells and to influence anti-inflammatory responses.” In the new study, extracts from four edible marine macroalgae commonly found in U. K. waters - Ascophyllum (Kelp), Alaria (also a Kelp alga from the Laminariales order), Palmaria (Dulse) and Ulva (Green Sea Lettuce) - were tested for their potential biological effects towards cultured colon cancer cells and for their ability to inhibit digestive enzymes to achieve potential anti-diabetic effects. The authors reported that all of the polyphenolic-rich extracts from the seaweeds inhibited proliferation of cultured colon cancer cells, observing that Alaria (Kelp) extracts were the most effective. They found extracts from Palmaria, Ascophyllum and Alaria (but not Ulva) produced “reasonable recoveries of phenolics and inhibited the proliferation of colon cancer cells in a dose responsive manner.”  Extracts from Palmaria, Ascophyllum and Alaria all were all also found to inhibit alpha-amylase, whilst Ascophyllum extracts were observed to inhibit alpha-glucosidase, the other key enzyme involved in starch digestion and blood glucose regulation. The scientists concluded that the seaweed extracts have the capacity to inhibit alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase activities and added that further research, to identify the active ingredients responsible for these effects, is needed.
Pomegranate Compounds Show Skin Health Potential: Beauty from Within - Polyphenol-rich Pomegranate may protect skin from detrimental effects of UV exposure, showing potential to prevent skin wrinkles ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 08/10/10
Scientists from Korea’s Department of Food and Nutrition at Hallym University report that the polyphenol, ellagic acid, found in Pomegranate, may prevent the degradation of collagen in human skin cells, which would maintain skin structure and slow the formation of wrinkles.  The researchers used human skin cells (keratinocytes) and human fibroblasts and found that topical or dietary interventions with Pomegranate, which is rich in both ellagic acid and ellagitannins, are promising strategies in curtailing skin wrinkling.  Results showed that the polyphenol reduced the UV-B-induced toxicity of these cells, while also preventing the destruction of collagen that is associated with wrinkle formation.  The interventions also diminished the cutaneous inflammation associated with chronic UV exposure that leads to photo-ageing.  Additional animal studies demonstrated that the polyphenol also prevented thickening of the skin of hairless mice when exposed to UV radiation, with topical application of ellagic acid additionally associated with decreased levels of pro-inflammatory compounds.  The findings, published in Experimental Dermatology, indicate that there is a growing awareness of the link between diet and health, and by extension, physical appearance, with a growing body of science focusing on the potential benefits of supplemental nutrients to boost skin health from within, i.e., lutein (in berries and green and yellow vegetables), lycopene (in Tomato), flavanol-rich Cocoa, superoxide dismutase (in Spirulina and Barley) and hydrolyzed collagen having been reported to improve skin health.
Pomegranate Extract May Lower Breast Cancer Risk: Compounds from Pomegranate may reduce the incidence of hormone-dependent breast cancer –
- From NutraIngredients.com's News Headlines > Research section - 01/07/10
According to research from the University of California, Los Angeles, and supported by the National Institutes of Health, a metabolite of ellagic acid found in Pomegranate may inhibit an enzyme called aromatase, which converts androgen to estrogen, and plays a key role in the development of breast cancer.  Pomegranate, a rich source of antioxidants, has been linked to improved heart health, and a growing body of science indicates the fruit also protects against prostate cancer and plays a role in joint health by slowing cartilage loss in arthritis.  The antioxidants, particularly ellagitannin compounds like punicalagins and punicalins, account for about half of the fruit's antioxidant ability and reportedly are behind the proposed health benefits.  The study results, which were published in Cancer Prevention Research, suggest that Pomegranate intake may be a viable strategy for the chemoprevention of breast cancer, but scientists agree that additional studies of the ellagitannins from Pomegranate will be needed and should be continued to confirm these initial findings.
Pomegranate Juice May Reduce Kidney Dialysis Complications: Study
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/19/10
Researchers from Israel’s Western Galilee Hospital suggest that Pomegranate juice may reduce complications in kidney disease patients on dialysis, including the high morbidity rate due to infections and cardiovascular events.  Investigating the effects of Pomegranate juice consumption on oxidative stress, inflammation and incidence of infections after one year of intervention, the scientists found that consumption of Pomegranate juice yields a lower level of oxidative stress, reduced inflammation, improvement in lipid profile and reductions in blood pressure and has a continuous, cumulative, beneficial effect for dialysis patients.  Previous research has shown that patients on dialysis, in addition to renal disease, also suffer from increased risks of diabetes (over 50 percent risk increase), hypertension (over 80 percent) and cardiovascular disease; furthermore, patients are exposed to high levels of oxidative stress.  In connection with these issues, studies have claimed Pomegranate juice to have multiple health benefits, including being a rich source of antioxidants and lowering both cholesterol and blood pressure – especially in diabetic and hypertensive patients.  Pomegranate is known for its strong antioxidant activity, which is due to its high concentration of anthocyanins and hydrolysable tannins (ellagic and gallagic acids) and punicalagenim – which originate from the peels of Pomegranate and contribute up to fifty percent of its antioxidant activity.  In the current study, the researchers note that their findings support studies that suggest Pomegranate juice has potent antioxidant properties and reported that the patients who drank Pomegranate juice experienced reduced inflammation, and the damage from oxidative, stress-induced free radicals was minimized.  Moreover, they were found to be less likely to be hospitalized due to infections, with a forty percent reduction in first hospitalization events, and over an eighty percent decrease in secondary hospitalizations.  Further analysis of secondary outcome data revealed that the patients also showed an improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, such as reduced blood pressure, improvement in lipid profile and fewer cardiovascular events – suggesting that they had better heart health.  Interestingly, however, in a follow-up clinical evaluation three months post-intervention, when Pomegranate was no longer supplied to patients, there was a clear indication that there was no longer any positive effect remaining from the twelve months’ intervention. The researchers concluded that although further studies are still needed, on-going consumption of Pomegranate juice “may well lead to improved quality of life by reducing the high illness rate among dialysis patients.”
Pomegranate's Prostate Protection Potential Grows: The anti-prostate cancer effects of Pomegranate and its extracts may be related to stopping an enzyme in the liver, which processes environmental carcinogens -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 10/27/09
POMEGRANATE, a rich source of antioxidants, has been linked to improved heart health, but a growing body of science indicates the fruit protects against prostate cancer.  Over half a million men worldwide are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year with over 200,000 deaths attributed to the disease.  New research conducted by the University of Mississippi claims that antioxidant ellagitannin compounds in Pomegranate appear to be behind the fruit’s proposed prostate cancer prevention and prostate health benefits by inhibiting cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1), an enzyme known to be highly expressed in various human cancers, but not in normal tissues, and an established target in the prevention of prostate cancer.  The researchers concluded that the new study asserted a previously unknown mechanism of action by Pomegranate constituents, which could potentially contribute to prostate cancer chemoprevention; and cancer chemoprevention by dietary supplement-based intervention is a desirable form of chemotherapy, not only in patients with a genetic predisposition toward prostate cancer but also in patients undergoing cancer therapy.

The Power of Berries!
- From The New York Times website's Health section - 01/22/09
People who eat diets high in fruits and vegetables have lower cancer rates, according to many studies, and now a large body of research suggests that Berries may be among the most potent cancer-fighting fruits, with particular emphasis on Black and RED RASPBERRY, Blackberry, Strawberry and ELDERBERRY and, to a lesser degree, BLUEBERRY (although according to USDA research chemist, Ronald Prior, PhD., Blueberries are chock-full of anthocyanins that can prevent tumors from forming and suppress their growth, echoing the positive results noted below).  Berries contain a number of healthful compounds including vitamins A, C, E and folic acid; selenium, calcium, polyphenols and, perhaps most notably, the powerful compounds called anthocyanins, which give Berries their color.  In an attempt to identify the key ingredients that make Berries such effective cancer fighters, researchers have conducted studies on laboratory rats, using whole blackberries and concentrated powdered raspberry extracts (anthocyanins), which produced slower tumor growth and fewer esophageal tumors.  Gary D. Stoner, Professor Emeritus and former head of the Cancer Prevention Program at Ohio State University explained: “We’re quite encouraged by that.  It’s not total inhibition, but it was pretty substantial.  It tells us the anthocyanins in the Berries are pretty important and they are deserving of more research.” While Berries, particularly Raspberries, look like a promising super food, it may not be practical to eat them on a regular basis, since one would have to eat about a pound of berries a day to ingest the equivalent doses used in the studies.  Also, variations in climate and growing techniques may alter the concentration of the beneficial compounds found in the fruit, and although frozen berries can substitute for fresh, they may be too costly for most people to eat daily. 

Editor’s Note:  It may be interesting to note that the beneficial compounds (concentrated anthocyanins) can be found in supplemental RED RASPBERRY Extract, ELDERBERRY Extract and BLUEBERRY Extract. 

Prevention's Anti-Aging Guide:  How to take off 10 years or more--and look and feel better than ever
- from Prevention.com's Health section - 05/10/07; link updated 12/11/12
We used to think our fate was in the cards - or in the stars. Now, thanks to research unlocking the secrets to living longer and better, we know differently.  It turns out that most of the factors influencing life expectancy can be due to good choices.  What are the moves that will peel off the years?  According to Prevention magazine, scientists who study ageing said that weight control, exercise, nutrition (including Green Tea, Omega-3, Turmeric, vitamins and other supplements) and related fields deliver the biggest payoff.  Read this enlightening four-page article for their picks – considered powerful enough to make the researchers adopt them in their own lives.
Project in Dominican Republic industrializes nopal herbal properties
- From the Dominican Today website's Economy Section - 09/13/06
"Santo Domingo - A project has been launched to industrialize Nopal, which grows in the Dominican Republic as a wild shrub. The Institute of Biotechnological and Industrial Innovation (IIBI) and the United Nations Special Nourishment Program sponsor the endeavor in a joint effort."
Protein From Yellow Peas May Lower Blood Pressure
- From HealthDay News via ABC News - 03/22/09; link updated 12/11/12
 Researchers have discovered that certain proteins found in the yellow garden PEA (Pisum sativum) appear to help lower blood pressure and delay, control or even prevent the onset of chronic kidney disease – at least in rats.  After purifying a mix of Pea proteins, collectively called Pea Protein Hydrolysate, the researchers administered the derivative to laboratory rats that had kidney disease and found that blood pressure dropped twenty percent in those treated, compared with the blood pressure of those untreated, stating that there is a substance in the Pea, when cleaved, which works in a similar fashion to ACE inhibitors.  Basically, they have a natural substance that works like standard drugs we know a lot about. They also found that urine production, which can be severely curtailed by kidney function breakdown, improved by upwards of thirty percent.  Noting that human trials are underway, the researchers claim that if successful, a Pea-based therapy might be available in two to three years, indicating that this is not the first time the secret to blood pressure control has been found in Mother Nature. Ten years ago, a substance was isolated in CELERY, for example, that also had a controlling effect.  Despite the positive findings, the researchers do not advocate trading blood pressure medication for consumption of yellow or green Peas, explaining that a complex protein purification process is needed to activate what is otherwise a dormant vegetable benefit.  Pea protein needs to be mixed with certain enzymes into a food additive or nutritional supplement in liquid or pill form, which might be easier to tolerate than blood pressure drugs, given the Pea protein's natural sourcing and would also eliminate the risk for overdosing.  The researchers must wait to see the results of human studies but explain, that “if the results are as compelling as they were in animals, then this would potentially be a very reassuring, exciting and positive development, as it is certainly very difficult to control blood pressure in people with kidney disease."
Pycnogenol Outperforms Drug on Chronic Venous Insufficiency
- From NaturalProductsInsider.com -7/13/2006
"Supplementation with an extract of French maritime Pine Bark reduced symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) more effectively than did the primary pharmaceutical remedy, according to results from a study published recently in the Journal of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis - Hematosis."
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Questions and Answers About Black Cohosh and the Symptoms of Menopause:
Black Cohosh fact sheet

- From Office of Dietary Supplements, Member of the National Institutes of Health
This fact sheet is not dated, but we felt that it should be brought to our readers' attention. As the title states, this is a fact sheet compiled of questions and answers about Black Cohosh and Menopause to help you understand the herb and how it is able to help women going through menopause.
Reality Check: Can Eating Ginger Cure Motion Sickness?
- From Seattlepi.com's Health & Fitness section - 08/22/07
According to studies reported by The New York Times, Ginger has been shown to be effective in treating the nausea associated with motion sickness. Whether on a ship, in a car or on an airplane, most people have experienced the miseries of motion sickness, and one of the oldest remedies, Ginger, is among those backed by the most evidence.  A study published in the British medical journal, Lancet, found that subjects who took powdered Ginger in capsules experienced delayed onset of dizziness and motion sickness about twice as long as subjects who took anti-nausea medication. The Bottom Line?  Taking Ginger can, in fact, be effective in treating the nausea associated with motion sickness.
Red Clover May Counter Depressive Symptoms In Older Women: Post-menopausal women taking supplements of Red Clover extract may experience fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 03/04/10
According to new research from Austria’s General Teaching Hospital, Korneuburg, symptoms of depression and anxiety were reduced by about eighty percent following ninety days of RED CLOVER isoflavone supplements.   Although clinical data regarding phytoestrogens and mood disorders is still scarce, the findings determined that Red Clover-derived isoflavones were effective in reducing depressive and anxiety symptoms among postmenopausal women. The study used isoflavones - specifically the compounds biochanin, formononetin, genistein and daidzein - and measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms obtained using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Zung's Self Rating Depression Scale (SDS) showed that anxiety was reduced by 76 percent and depression by 78 percent.  Commenting on the potential mechanism, the researchers proposed isoflavones as protection against neuron damage by inhibiting inflammatory pathways.   It was also noted that Red Clover isoflavones equally protected human cortical neurons against glutamate toxicity and oxidative stress, which could have been the result of their antioxidant and estrogenic actions.  Scientists studying and examining data collected over the last twenty years, as well as the newer trials, concluded that isoflavones may also demonstrate modest but valuable benefit for menopause relief.  The scientists concluded that SOY (also containing genistein and daidzein) and Red Clover-derived isoflavones do not increase the risk of breast cancer and can offer very real relief to post-menopausal women.
Red Wine Compound shows promise as a treatment for herpes
- Reuters Health, Sept. 19, 2000; New Scientist, Sept. 23, 2000 via Herb World News Online, herbs.org
"Researchers at the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine have discovered that a modified form of resveratrol, a compound found in Red Wine, inhibits replication of even drug-resistant strains of the herpes virus.   By attacking the virus at an earlier stage in its life cycle, the compound could offer more effective treatment than current methods. So far, the compound has only been tested in vitro."
Red Wine May Ward Off Gum Disease
- From HealthDay News via HealingWell.com - 03/10/06
"Friday, March 10 (HealthDay News) - Raising a glass to a new weapon against periodontal disease, researchers say red wine may help keep gums healthy and strong."
Red Yeast Rice Demonstrates Cholesterol-Lowering Potential:
- From NutraIngredients.com - 06/30/09
Researchers have found Red Yeast Rice to be effective in treating hyperlipidemia, the elevation of potentially damaging lipids in the blood, for those who cannot tolerate statin treatment.  The study authors from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Jefferson-Myrna Brind Center for Integrative Medicine, Philadelphia, reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine, that patients who received Red Yeast Rice had significantly larger improvements in both LDL and total cholesterol levels than did patients who received a placebo.  Red Yeast Rice is a dietary supplement that can decrease low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and could be a treatment option for patients with statin-associated myalgias, which prevent some patients who would benefit from drug therapy for dyslipidemia, from receiving it.  Dyslipidemia is manifested by elevation of the total cholesterol, the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and the triglyceride concentrations, and a decrease in the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration in the blood.  Red Yeast Rice and therapeutic lifestyle changes decreased LDL cholesterol level without increasing CPK or pain levels and may be a treatment option for patients who cannot tolerate statin therapy. The researchers called for more study, as there were still many questions unanswered.
Red Yeast Rice Effective Where Statins Fail: Dietary supplements of Red Yeast Rice may lower LDL cholesterol levels and offer a blood lipid lowering alternative for people intolerant to statins
- From NutraIngredients.com - 04/06/10; link updated 12/11/12
A new study conducted by the University of Tennessee, the University of Connecticut and Pittsburgh’s Allegheny General Hospital indicated that over-the-counter Red Yeast Rice supplements can lower LDL levels by twenty-one percent, and the researchers also reported reductions in total cholesterol levels of fifteen percent.  Moreover, according to the findings published in the American Journal of Cardiology, ninety-two percent of participants tolerated the dietary supplement.  Red Yeast Rice is the product of yeast grown on rice and is a dietary staple in some Asian countries and reportedly contains several compounds that inhibit cholesterol production. The new study supports similar findings for the ingredient, with American researchers reporting that the Red Yeast Rice could indeed help reduce blood lipid levels in people intolerant to statins.  The scientists concluded that producing Red Yeast Rice under controlled conditions could provide a widely available and safe dietary supplement for lowering cholesterol.
Regimens: An Herbal Extract Eases Symptoms of Heart Failure  
- From The New York Times's Health Section (www.nytimes.com) - 02/05/08
In a review of fourteen studies that was published in The New York Times, researchers have found that the herbal supplement, Hawthorne extract, is effective in treating symptoms of chronic heart failure.  In most of the studies, an extract from Hawthorne leaves, fruits and flowers was used as an adjunct to conventional treatment, and most studies reported mild or no side effects.  The authors conclude that there is a significant benefit in symptom control and physiologic outcomes from Hawthorne extract as an adjunctive treatment for chronic heart failure.  Click below to read this important article.
Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure - Scientific paper published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
 Read about healthy Hawthorne Leaf
Research Links Chilli Compound to Lower Blood Pressure:
Frequent intake of Capsaicin in Cayenne is linked to a reduction in blood pressure when taken long-term ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 08/04/10
New research published in the journal, Cell Metabolism, suggests that capsaicin can improve blood vessel function and lower blood pressure, which lends support to its use as a promising supplemental dietary intervention in high-risk populations with hypertension and related vascular disorders.  Capsaicin is found in the white pulp of red Cayenne (Chilli) peppers and is the compound that gives them their heat, causing a burning sensation in any tissue touching it. The burning pain is due to capsaicin’s selective binding to the receptor TRPV1. The study, conducted on animal models by the China’s Third Military Medical University, found that the blood vessel receptor TRPV1 is stimulated by capsaicin, mediating a beneficial effect in the cardiovascular system by promoting nitric oxide release and lowering blood pressure.  Transient receptor potential channels (TRPs), including TRPV1, have been linked with the development of several diseases, including cardiovascular and neurological diseases, asthma, cancer and renal disease. The researchers’ observations suggest that TRPV1 activation may increase the activity of endothelial nitric oxide in arteries, and increase nitric oxide production in endothelial cells. The new study is not the first to look for a molecular link between capsaicin and lower blood pressure, but earlier studies were based on short-term exposure to the compound, and this is the first time that the effect has been observed for long-term use.  The scientists conclude that further research is needed to confirm these mechanisms and that the study’s findings in rats should be confirmed in humans through epidemiological analysis.
Review Backs Blood Pressure Benefits of Soy Isoflavone ~
Soy isoflavone intake may decrease blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 02/11/11
Hypertension is estimated to affect approximately one billion individuals worldwide and is known to be a major risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and according to the American Heart Association, dietary interventions, in addition to pharmacological therapies, provide an important approach for preventing and treating hypertension.  In light of that, recent analysis of earlier studies confirmed that Soy isoflavone intake can decrease blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure. The meta-analysis, conducted by the China’s Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, evaluated all randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials with reference to the effect of a stated amount of Soy isoflavones on blood pressure.  The findings demonstrated that daily consumption of Soy isoflavones with Soy protein for one-to-twelve months had an effect of lowering blood pressure in hypertensive (high blood pressure) populations. The magnitude of the decrease in blood pressure observed is comparable to that observed in response to antihypertensive agents, such a beta-blockers.  Accordingly, the findings may have significant implications in reduction of CVD risk if applied to the hypertensive population.  The mechanism of the blood pressure lowering effect of Soy isoflavones in hypertensive subjects is not well understood; however, previous research provides a plausible explanation for this observation by showing that oral isoflavone supplementation leads to a significant improvement in endothelial function (endothelium is the thin layer of cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels).  Such a mechanism may be plausible, since hypertensive patients often have endothelial dysfunction. (Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by a shift of the actions of the endothelium toward reduced vasodilation, a proinflammatory state and prothrombic properties, and is associated with most forms of cardiovascular disease, such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure and peripheral artery disease).  The scientists noted that Soy isoflavones have been suggested to result in vasodilating (widening of blood vessels), improvement in artery function and decreased blood pressure.  Soy isoflavones may exhibit antihypertensive effects in hypertensive subjects due to restoration of endothelial function; however, this effect needs to be confirmed in large and carefully designed clinical trials with longer durations, which may provide further insight into the potential benefits of Soy isoflavone.
Review Backs Flaxseed Lignans' Cancer-Fighting Potential ~ Flaxseed lignans might offer protection against breast, prostate, colon and skin cancers, while the soluble fiber they contain could help maintain steady blood sugar levels, found a review of research into the seed:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 05/03/10
Scientists from Canada, England and China evaluated all current research on FLAXSEED and its potential benefits against diabetes and certain cancers, and in an article, published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, they summarized that the health benefits from Flaxseed are due to their antioxidant activity, primarily from the hydroxyl free radical scavengers and also their estrogenic and anti-estrogenic compounds and the structural similarity to estradiol (female hormones).  Flaxseed has been the focus of increased interest in the field of diet and disease research over the years, due to the potential health benefits associated with some of its biologically active components: oil containing alpha linolenic acid and the plant lignan secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG).  The research states that once ingested, SDG is converted in the colon into active mammalian lignans, which have shown promise in reducing growth of cancerous tumors, especially hormone-sensitive ones such as those of the breast, endometrium and prostate. The scientists concluded that Flaxseed lignans could be a significant part of a treatment regimen for cancer based on the large number of small scale studies but they stress that further research is needed in clinical settings to support the role of Flaxseed in cancer prevention in human populations.
Review Supports Health Benefits of Spirulina:
Encouraging health benefits of Spirulina, should promote further research ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 09/13/10
After reviewing a series of published scientific studies examining the health benefits of Spirulina, observers issued a paper indicating that its potential health benefits should be further investigated.  Many of the studies investigated benefits from pure Spirulina biomass, but some also focused on extracts of Spirulina or isolated compounds - mainly C-phycocyanin, the blue-green pigment found only in Spirulina, the unicellular Blue-Green Algae used in dietary supplements for its antioxidant properties.  Scientific research into the health benefits of Spirulina began in the 1970s and has accelerated during the past ten years.  The researchers, funded by a commercial supplier that produces and sells Spirulina, reviewed existing literature and claim that the accumulated scientific studies suggest “Spirulina shows potent immune-stimulating effects and…. antiviral activity against a variety of harmful viruses” with anti-viral properties apparently derived both from its polysaccharides and other components.  In humans, Spirulina produces an immuno-stimulating effect by enhancing resistance to infections, the capacity of influencing hemopoieses (the process by which new blood cells are formed) and stimulating the production of antibodies and cytokines.  In terms of cancer prevention, the authors acknowledged a shortage of human clinical research, but in animal studies they highlighted numerous studies showing Spirulina’s potential to prevent carcinogenesis and to shrink tumors.  By contrast, the cardiovascular benefits of Spirulina are described in many papers, including several reports suggesting that Spirulina may have a beneficial effect in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, showing “far ranging cardiovascular benefits, including improvement of blood lipid profiles, prevention of atherosclerosis and control of hypertension.”  Moreover, decreases in blood pressure and plasma lipid concentrations, especially triacylglycerols and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol have been demonstrated as a result of oral consumption of Spirulina.  Further research into the potential of Spirulina and its constituent pigment C-phycocyanin in the four areas noted promise to unlock further health benefits, noted the authors.
Rhubarb May Cool Hot Flashes; Rhubarb Extract May Treat Symptoms of Perimenopause in Women
- From WebMD.com - 09/15/06
According to a new study, Rhubarb significantly reduced the frequency and severity of hot flashes in perimenopausal women.  Until recently, hormone replacement therapy was the most common treatment for menopausal hot flashes, but in the wake of studies that suggest HRT may increase the risk of heart disease and breast cancer, there is much interest in finding safe, alternative treatments for hot flashes and other symptoms caused by menopause.
Sage Leaf Extract Reduces Anxiety in Clinical Trial
- From the American Botanical Council - 05/31/06
"Garden Sage (Salvia officinalis) has been shown to inhibit cholinesterase enzymes, enzymes that break down acetylcholine (Ach), a chief neurotransmitter. Compounds that inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) may improve mood in some people by helping to maintain optimal levels of Ach and thus brain activity.  Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) also has cholinergic properties and has been shown to significantly reduce the negative mood consequences of a psychological stressor battery. The authors of this trial used the lemon balm study as a model to evaluate the anxiety and mood modulating capabilities of Sage."
Saw Palmetto Shrinks Prostate Tissues
- Excerpt from Urology Times via Herb World News Online, 1999
In the first American randomized clinical trial of Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens), the respected prostate herb proved beneficial in reducing swelling of prostate tissues in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While numerous studies have confirmed the ability of Saw Palmetto extract (SPE) to reduce BPH symptoms, this is the first evidence that it actually shrinks enlarged prostate tissues (Overmyer, 1999).
Scientists Say Seafood's benefits outweigh risks
- From the The Los Angeles Times website - 10/18/06
Confused about fish? Just eat it, the government says - unless you're a child, you're pregnant or you're a nursing mother. And even then, you can eat most of it. Both the Institute of Medicine and Harvard University have published a study in Journal of the American Medical Association indicating that seafood is not only safe, but also highly recommended, with a few caveats for youngsters and women of childbearing age. Health benefits associated with Omega-3 Fatty Acids from fish have been widely documented. The Harvard study recalled that as early as 1980, a report first detailed the relative health of Greenland Eskimos, who traced their longevity to a fish-rich diet.
Seaweed Extract Shows Joint Health Promise: An extract from Brown Seaweed (Bladderwrack and Kelp) may reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis by up to 52 percent, suggests results from Phase I and II clinical trials from Australia~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Product News > Minerals section - 02/15/10
According to a recent commercially-funded study published in Biologics: Targets & Therapy, improvements in measures of pain, stiffness, difficulty with physical activity and overall symptom severity were recorded following supplementation with a blend of extracts from Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosis) and two Kelp species (Macrocystis pyrifera and Laminaria japonica), plus vitamin B6, zinc and manganese.  Using the internationally-validated COAT (Comprehensive Osteoarthritis Test) assessment protocol, the researchers, led by senior scientist, Dr. Helen Fitton, found a dose-dependent response, with the lower dose associated with an 18 percent reduction in symptoms, while the higher dose was associated with a 52 percent reduction in symptoms; all patients felt a significant reduction in pain after just one week of treatment.  In addition to the apparent efficacy to reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis, the researchers noted that the ingredient was also well tolerated.  The study hopes this will open the door for Brown Seaweed extracts into the  osteoarthritis relief/joint health market, now dominated by the combination of Glucosamine and Chondroitin and other alternatives, including Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Pine Bark, collagen, etc.  If results of the new study are supported by future studies, including a Phase III clinical trial, it could see another solid alternative for joint health support.
The Secret to Youth May be Growing in Your Garden: Basil Can Protect Against the Harmful Effects of Ageing
- From The Daily Mail's website's Health section - 09/08/08
According to research presented at the British Pharmaceutical Conference and published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, researchers found that BASIL was effective at actively searching for and eliminating harmful molecules and protecting against damage caused by free radicals in key organs such as the heart, liver and brain.  Holy Basil, the close relative of Sweet Basil, the commonly used herb in Western cooking, is a native of India, and it has long been used in the ancient system of Ayurvedic Medicine that is practiced in India and other parts of Asia, as a rejuvenation drug to promote a youthful state of physical and mental health.  The researchers investigated Basil for its antioxidant and anti-ageing properties, describing how the herb acts at a cellular level, and they discovered that the study validated the traditional Oriental use of the herb as a youth-promoting substance.
Seniors Over 65 If Anxious Or Depressed Prefer Alternative Therapies To Treat Symptoms
- From Medical News Today's Seniors/Aging News Section - 07/10/06
"People over 65 who are depressed or anxious turn to complementary or alternative medicine to treat their symptoms more often than older people who are not anxious or depressed - but not to treat their mental symptoms."
Severely Obese Are Fastest Growing Segment of Overweight Americans
- From HealthDay News via ABCnews.com's Health section - 04/10/07
The proportion of severely obese Americans - increased by fifty percent from 2000 to 2005, twice as fast as the increase in moderate obesity, a new study finds. A typical severely obese man weighs 300 pounds at a height of 5 feet 10 inches, while a typical severely obese woman weighs 250 pounds at a height of 5 feet 4 inches. According to the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, weighing too much may increase your risk for developing Type-2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke, cancer, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, gallbladder disease and fatty liver disease.  The National Institutes of Health suggest that it is possible to lower your health risks by losing as little as ten to twenty pounds or as little as five percent of your body weight.
Spirulina Extract May Reverse Pain Sensitivity
- From NutraIngredients.com - 06/02/09
Research from Taiwan’s National Defense Medical Center and published in Anaesthesia & Analgesia, indicates that phycocyanin, a compound found in Blue Green Algae (i.e., Spirulina) may reduce inflammation and have pain killing effects.  In animal models, increasing doses of C-phycocyanin reduced levels of inflammatory markers; and chronic inflammation has been linked to a range of conditions linked to heart disease, osteoporosis, type-2 diabetes, arthritis, cognitive decline and Alzheimer's.  If the study can be repeated in humans, it offers promise for preventing chronic pain and inflammation brought about by a lack of control of the normal protective mechanism.  Spirulina has long been associated with immune building and antiviral properties, eye and brain health and cardiovascular health, but we now see that this study also isolates the mechanism of action in Spirulina as an anti-inflammatory.
Soy Compound Helps Build Bone: Study
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 06/18/07
Research funded by the Italian Ministry of Education and the University of Messina, Italy, discovered that the genistein found in Soy helped build bone density in a two-year study of older, postmenopausal Italian women, stating “the bone had not only stopped deteriorating but actually began to reform and become more dense."
Soy Compound May Halt Spread Of Prostate Cancer
- From ScienceDaily.com's Science News - 03/17/08
A compound found in Soybeans known as genistein almost completely prevented the spread of human prostate cancer in mice, according to a study published in the March 15, 2008 issue of Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Investigators from Northwestern University found that genistein decreased metastasis of prostate cancer to the lungs by ninety six percent, compared with mice that did not eat the compound, making the study the first to demonstrate genistein can stop prostate cancer metastasis in a living organism.  The researchers said that the impressive results give hope that genistein might show some effect in preventing the spread of prostate cancer in patients.  Soybeans are the most common source of isoflavones, especially genistein and daidzein, which have been shown in some animal studies to exert a protective effect against prostate cancer. Interestingly, Japanese men eat significantly more Soy-based foods than do Western men, and the incidence of prostate cancer is much lower in Asian countries than in Western countries.
Soy Is Still a Puzzle; Evidence of its cancer-fighting benefits is inconclusive
- From MSNBC's Health > Diet & Nutrition > Nutrition Notes section - 11/26/05
"A recent study of women in a cancer risk assessment program highlights the confusion people still have about Soy foods. Forty-five percent of the women who ate soy foods on a regular basis said that part of the reason they did so was to lower their risk of cancer.  Yet seven percent of the women in the study who did not eat soy foods on a regular basis said that they were concerned that soy might increase their risk of breast cancer."
Soy Linked to Lung Benefits: The consumption of SOY products could decrease the risk of lung disease and breathlessness, according to a new study from Japan
- From NutraIngredients.com's Health Condition News > Respiratory Health section - 06/29/09
According to researchers from Japan and Australia, Japanese patients, who were diagnosed with lung disease and were given SOY food products, were positively correlated with improved lung function and inversely associated with the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).  The evidence also indicated an association between total Soy intake and reduced breathlessness.  For the purposes of the study, Soy foods encompassed tofu, natto, Soy bean sprouts and Soy milk. The observed benefits, which were published in the journal, Respiratory Research, were consistent with findings from previous studies, could be a result of the anti-inflammatory benefits of Soy, they said, but added that more research is needed to understand the underlying biological mechanism. Moreover, additional research will be required to ascertain whether the observed findings can be generalized to other populations (outside Japan), before incorporating these foods into dietary guidelines so as to encourage Soy consumption.
Soy may benefit stroke patients: A chemical found in soybeans and chickpeas could benefit people who have suffered a stroke, say researchers
- From the BBC News website's Health section - 09/26/08
A team from the University of Hong Kong demonstrated that treatment with the chemical, isoflavone, is comparable to that of cholesterol-busting statin drugs.  Isoflavone is a major class of phytoestrogens - naturally occurring chemicals that mimic the effect of the human hormone estrogen - which is known to protect against heart disease.  SOY isoflavones in particular have been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, because they inhibit the growth of cells that form artery-clogging plaque, thus helping to improve blood flow through the arteries.  The study showed that diets with higher isoflavone contents might be beneficial in reducing cardiovascular risk in ischemic stroke patients.  Previous research has suggested that eating Soy lowers cholesterol and has a protective effect against breast and prostate cancer, and with regard to this latest study, Dr .Peter Coleman from the Stroke Association said: "This is an important and interesting study showing that dietary supplementation with isoflavones in people who have had a stroke may reduce their risk of further stroke or cardiovascular disease.
Soy Protein Beneficial in Type 2 Diabetics: Study
- From Diabetes Care via www.health.am - 04/23/08; link updated 12/11/12
A study from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and published in the April journal, Diabetes Care, found that a diet rich in SOY protein appears to have a lasting beneficial effect on the heart, blood vessels and kidneys of people with Type 2 diabetes and kidney disease.  The study’s beneficial effects, which were confirmed by the American Diabetes Association in May, demonstrated that patients who ate soy protein showed significantly lower levels of fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, "bad" LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and had a significant positive impact on cardiovascular risk factors and kidney-related biomarkers among Type 2 diabetic patients with kidney disease.
Soy-Based Supplement May Lower Cardiac Risk
- From Reuters Health via Medline Plus - 08/29/07
According to a study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, daily supplements of genistein, a naturally-occurring phytoestrogen found in SOY, combined with calcium and vitamin D, as well as a healthy diet, may help prevent heart disease and regulate metabolism of blood sugar in postmenopausal women with bone loss. The researchers claimed that the combination had positive therapeutic effects on some predictors for heart disease and may also help to prevent the development of diabetes.
Soybean Component Reduces Menopause Effects:
- From Medical News Today's Women's Health/Gynecology section - 04/09/09
Research conducted at the National Chiayi University, Taiwan, and published in the journal, Nutrition & Metabolism, has indicated that dietary supplementation of Soy aglycons of isoflavone (SAI), a group of Soybean constituents, has lowered cholesterol, increased the antioxidative properties of the liver and prevented degeneration of the vaginal lining in animal models.  Although SOY itself has weak estrogenic properties, the isoflavone compounds have shown that in addition to reduced levels of harmful LDL cholesterol and increased beneficial HDL cholesterol levels, menopause-related symptoms may be prevented or improved by dietary supplementation with the Soy compounds.  The authors hope that dietary Soy supplementation may provide an alternative to hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which has been linked to the development of uterus and breast cancers.
St. John's Wort Effective for DepressionThe herbal remedy St. John's Wort effectively treats symptoms of major depression, an analysis of previous studies found
- From Reuters Health - 10/07/08; link updated 12/11/12
In a multi-country study involving thousands of subjects, ST. JOHN’S WORT extracts fared better than placebos and as effective as standard antidepressants in the different trials – and with fewer side effects.  The herb works in a similar way to some prescription antidepressants by increasing the brain chemical serotonin, involved in controlling mood. The studies mostly included patients suffering from mild to moderately severe symptoms, and the researchers found that St. John's Wort extracts were not only effective but that fewer people taking them dropped out of the trials due to adverse side effects.  Depression is a leading cause of suicide and affects about 121 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization, and standard pharmaceutical treatments include compounds called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Standardized Garlic Powder Reduces Heart Attack Risk
- From Atherosclerosis via Herb World News Online, 1999
A study published in the May issue of Atherosclerosis showed that a Garlic powder supplement (Allium sativum) can help prevent and, in some cases, even reverse plaque build-up in the arteries (Koscielny et al ., 1999).
Study Backs Diabetes Benefits of Indian Plant Extract: An extract of the Gymnema sylvestre plant has been found to stimulate insulin secretion in lab tests, opening the way for further research into its diabetes benefits -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 07/01/09
GYMNEMA, grown primarily in the Indian sub-continent, has been used India for centuries as a traditional folk remedy to help maintain optimal overall health and to control blood-sugar levels, but a recent study conducted at Kings’ College, London, and published in Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry examined the effect of a patented plant extract on mouse and human pancreatic beta cells (cells that secrete insulin).  They found that the extract from the plant may help regulate blood glucose levels through a direct effect on the pancreatic beta cells to “significantly” stimulate insulin release without compromising pancreatic beta cell viability.  According to the researchers, the study (which was commercially sponsored) was not conducted with drug development in mind, but that it “may be” possible to transfer the findings to the use of the extract in supplements, claiming their demonstration on the effects of the extract in human cells “validates its development for clinical use” and may provide promising lead targets for Type 2 iabetes therapy.
Study Boosts Wine Chemical Hopes - A Chemical derived from Red Wine could one day help keep the heart "genetically young," claim researchers.
- From the BBC News website's Health section - 06/04/08
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers found that resveratrol, a plant polyphenol found in Red Wine, Grapes, Grape Skins and Pomegranates, appeared to halt age-related changes in the function of heart genes. The effects appear to mimic those produced by eating a very low calorie diet - known to prolong life.  Resveratrol has been suggested as one of the reasons for the so-called "French Paradox" - the relative longevity of the French, despite a diet rich in artery-clogging animal fats.  This new research appears to confirm earlier studies from Harvard University claiming that resveratrol in Red Wine Grapes and Grape Skins may help delay the ageing process by boosting the principal "anti-ageing" enzymes known as sirtutins in living cells, which have been shown to enhance cell survival during stress, delay cell death and extend life.  Resveratrol, which has already been credited with Red Wine’s ability to lower the risk of heart disease and cancer, may be the most potent anti-ageing booster ever discovered.   It has been suggested that the traditional glass of Red Wine taken at mealtimes could help beat heart disease, but one expert said that would not be enough to achieve that effect, because in order to do so, you would have to drink literally gallons of wine, and that is not recommended.  Researchers think that the only way to experience beneficial effects would be in form of the chemical, resveratrol, to overcome the problem.  Fortunately, resveratrol can be extracted and may be found in supplemental RED WINE EXTRACT and GRAPE SKIN.
Study Confirms Rooibos Antioxidant Potential: Researchers have found that Rooibos Tea is able to boost plasma antioxidant defenses in humans ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 07/29/10
New research from Italy’s Antioxidant Research Laboratory in Rome, discovered that ingestion of fermented and unfermented Rooibos Herbal Tea increased total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels.  The study sought investigate how Rooibos Tea affects human TAC levels, as well as lipid triacylglycerols, cholesterol and glycemia plasma levels and the proposition that Rooibos Tea can be as powerful an antioxidant source as Green Tea.  The findings, which were published in the journal, Food Chemistry, indicated that fermented Rooibos Tea increased antioxidant capacity 6.6 percent and unfermented Rooibos increased TAC levels 2.9 percent.  However, no changes in triacylglycerols, cholesterol or uric acid were observed.  The scientists also noted that the two Rooibos Teas exhibited a lower antioxidant potential than did Green Tea and Black Tea infusions, but higher than commercially available teas.  Despite the positive antioxidant findings, the researchers joined with many other antioxidant researchers in being unable to explain or define these potential antioxidant effects, failing to identify the components responsible for the positive antioxidant boost and raising questions as to the direct involvement of flavonoid metabolites as antioxidant molecules.  They concluded that more intervention trials and bioavailability studies will be needed.
Study Finds Broccoli Extract Could Inhibit Breast Cancer Cells:  Sulforaphane, a compound derived from Broccoli and Broccoli sprouts, could help prevent or treat breast cancer by inhibiting cancer stem cells ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 05/05/10
A new study published in Clinical Cancer Research, indicated that eliminating cancer stem cells (CSCs) can be key to controlling cancer and that CSCs have the capacity to drive relapse/recurrence of cancer and tumors. There is also evidence that a variety of cancers are driven and sustained by a small proportion of CSCs.  The scientists found that, in both mice and cell cultures, sulforaphane, the active compound in BROCCOLI, targeted and killed cancer stem cells and prevented new tumors from growing.  The anticancer efficacy of sulforaphane derived from Broccoli/Broccoli sprouts has been evaluated in various cancers, with the risk of premenopausal breast cancer shown to be inversely associated with Broccoli consumption. The researchers argue that lack of efficacy of current chemotherapies requires novel approaches to specifically target CSC populations.  Furthermore, as a chemoprevention agent, sulforaphane possesses many advantages, such as high bioavailability and low toxicity. “Sulforaphane from Broccoli extracts is efficiently and rapidly absorbed in the human small intestine and distributed throughout the body,” said the researchers, adding that the studies provide a strong rationale for investigating the chemoprevention property of sulforaphane in clinical trials.  The authors said that its chemoprevention properties against cancer are through both ‘blocking’ and ‘suppressing’ effects.  The concentrations of sulforaphane used in the study were higher than what can be achieved by eating Broccoli and suggest the concentrations needed to impact cancer can be absorbed by the body from the Broccoli extract.
Study Links Beetroot Juice to Brain Health:
In addition to heart health benefits, Beet Root juice could improve blood flow to the brain ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/04/10
Scientists from North Carolina’s Wake Forest University suggest that Beet Root juice could improve blood flow to the brain and therefore join the fight against dementia.  Beet Root is already thought to possess heart health benefits, and there have been several very high-profile studies showing that drinking Beet Root juice can lower blood pressure.  Beet Root is a high-nitrate food, and in the body nitrate turns to nitrite, which has been found to help open blood vessels and improve blood flow and circulation. The earlier studies found that nitrites dilate the arteries to the heart, helping to increase blood flow and lower blood pressure.  Because the nitrite in Beet Root had vasodilating and circulatory effects, the scientists decided to study its impact on blood flow to the brain. Improved blood flow to t   he brain is relevant to cognitive health and ageing because poorer blood flow in the brain among the elderly is believed to be linked to the onset of dementia. Thus, the researchers wished to explore the potential impact that Beetroot juice could have on brain health, hoping to show that it would also increases perfusion, or blood flow, to the brain.  The researchers conducted a small study over several days, feeding half the participants with a high nitrate breakfast with sixteen ounces of beetroot juice while the other half ate a low nitrate breakfast.  After MRI scans was taken, they revealed that blood flow to the white matter of the frontal lobes, an area commonly associated with dementia, was higher among those who had consumed the high nitrates. The scientists at Wake Forest University are looking to create a Beetroot juice for commercial marketing.
Study links intestinal bacteria to irritable bowel syndrome
- CNN.com Health Section - 12/13/00
"LOS ANGELES, California (Reuters) -- Irritable bowel syndrome, a chronic condition believed to plague 20 percent of the adult population in developed countries, may be caused by too much bacteria in the small intestine, researchers said Wednesday."
Study Shows St. John's Wort Ineffective for Major Depression of Moderate Severity
- NIH News Release from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine - 04/09/02
"An extract of the herb St. John's Wort was no more effective for treating major depression of moderate severity than placebo, according to research published in the April 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association."
Study Supports Cranberry Dose Levels For Urinary Health: The ability of Cranberry proanthocyanidins is dose-dependent, with higher doses significantly more effective at maintaining urinary health ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 06/01/10
According to a study from Rutgers University, researchers found that consumption of  at least 36 milligrams of proanthocyanidins (PACs) from the North American CRANBERRY (Vaccinium macrocarpon) helps reduce the adhesion of certain E. coli bacteria to the urinary tract walls and will subsequently fight urinary tract infections.  Indeed, a lower dose of 18 mgs of Cranberry PACs was less effective; but on the other hand, a higher dose of 72 mg was even more efficient at protecting against bacterial adhesion in the urinary tract.  The results of the findings, which were published in the journal, BMC Infectious Diseases, indicated a dose-dependent effect.  After six hours the researchers found that the 18 mg dose displayed an anti-adhesion activity of 50 percent, compared with 90 percent for the 36 mg dose and 100 percent for the 72 mg dose.  After 24 hours, no anti-adhesion activity was displayed for the lower dose, while the 36 and 72 mg doses had anti-adhesion activities of 12.5 and 50 percent, respectively, highlighting for the first time that to have a bacterial anti-adhesion effect in urine, 36 mg of Cranberry PAC equivalents per day is effective, but the higher 72 mg can offer day and night protection.  The data revealed that while there was good activity for both 36 and 72 milligrams after six hours, this decreased after twenty-four hours, suggesting that it may be beneficial to consume supplemental Cranberry in two split doses in the morning and evening.   PACs are also not exclusive to Cranberries, but can be found in a range of foods, including Green Tea, Grapes and Cocoa; however, the main type of PACs in Cranberry – called A-type PACs - are different from those in these other sources – called B-type PACs, and only Cranberry PACs may prevent bacterial adhesion.  The study supports levels outlined by an earlier 2004 French health claim, and the scientists noted that further human trials are needed to correlate the level of anti-adhesion activity with prevention of clinical urinary tract infections.
Study: Vitamin C May Fight Cancer
- From FOXnews.com's Health Section - 09/12/05
"Vitamin C may have some cancer-fighting potential, new research shows.  It's possible, but many questions remain, write Mark Levine, MD, and colleagues in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Levine’s team studied vitamin C (also called ascorbate or ascorbic acid) and cancer cells in lab tests. Vitamin C appeared to boost production of hydrogen peroxide, which killed cancer cells and left healthy cells unharmed. The levels of vitamin C were so high that they could only be achieved through IV infusions. “These findings give plausibility to IV ascorbic acid in cancer treatment, and have unexpected implications for treatment of infections where hydrogen peroxide may be beneficial,” write the researchers."
Sugar-Control In Type II Diabetes May Be Improved With Herbal Medicine Silymarin
- From MedicalNewsToday.com's Diabetes News Section - 11/2/06
Diabetes is a growing health problem, and antioxidants are recognized as one way of helping people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels. In an article published in Phytotherapy, it was said that the herbal medicine (silymarin) extracted from seeds of the Milk Thistle could help people significantly lower the amount of sugar bound to haemoglobin in blood, as well as reduce fasting blood sugar levels. Silymarin contains a number of active constituents called flavolignans, which are also used to help protect the liver from poisoning. “We don't know the exact mechanism of action for this effect, but this work shows that silymarin could play an important role in treating Type II diabetes,” says lead author Fallah Huseini, who works at the Institute of Medicinal Plants, which is based in Tehran, Iran.
Tea and Coffee May Reduce Brain Tumor Risk: EPIC Study
Daily intakes of more than 100 ml of Tea or Coffee may significantly reduce the risk of certain brain tumors ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlines > Research section - 10/19/10
According to research conducted by London’s Imperial College (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health) and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, people consuming over 100 ml (approx. half cup) of Tea or Coffee - or both - per day are at significantly lower risk of glioblastoma tumors (glioma) than those consuming less than that amount daily.  The study, based on data from over half a million people, found an inverse association between total Coffee and Tea consumption and risk of gliomas - tumors that start in the supportive tissue brain.  The exact causes of gliomas are not known; however, the prognosis for people once diagnosed with the type of tumor is usually very poor.  A recent U. S. study found total Coffee and Tea consumption was inversely associated with risk of glioma, whilst experimental studies have shown caffeine can slow the invasive growth of glioblastoma tumors.  However, very few large scale epidemiologic studies have measured the association between Coffee, Tea or caffeinated beverages and glioma risk.  The researchers suggest it is possible that the effect of Coffee, if causal, is acting late in the process of carcinogenesis by preventing tumor growth. Another potential mechanism that may be implicated in the observed effects involves the DNA repair protein, MGMT.  Higher activation of MGMT is believed to have a protective effect against development of several types of cancer, including colon cancer and glioma.  Coffee compounds have been reported to increase MGMT activity in animal models, whilst certain Tea polyphenols are known to reactivate genes in cancer cells – including MGMT.  These findings, if further replicated in other studies, may provide new avenues of research on gliomas.  Thus far, results of these studies have been inconsistent, but given the limited evidence suggesting that Coffee and Tea intake may reduce the risk of glioma, more studies are needed to address this hypothesis.
Tea and Coffee Support Heart Health ~ Drinking several cups of Tea or Coffee a day appears to protect against heart disease:
- From the BBCNews website's Health > Medical Notes section - 06/18/10
According to a thirteen-year-long study from the Netherlands’ University Medical Center Utrecht, consuming between three and six cups of Black Tea a day may reduce the risk of death from heart disease by about forty-five percent, and drinking Coffee may offer similar benefits, with between two and four cups of day associated with a twenty percent reduction in risk.  The findings, published in the journal, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting health benefits from the most popular hot drinks.  While the protective effect stopped at more than four cups of Coffee a day, even those who drank this much were no more likely to die of any cause, including stroke and cancer, than those who abstained.  It's basically a good news story for those who like Tea and Coffee, since these drinks appear to offer benefits for the heart without raising the risk of dying from anything else.  Black Tea is the most common form of Tea consumed by the Dutch (and used in the study), and they tend to drink Coffee with a small amount of milk and the Tea without milk.  There have been conflicting reports as to whether milk substantially affects the polyphenols - believed to be the most beneficial substance in Teas - but having a cigarette with the Coffee could completely cancel any benefits - and drinking lots of Tea in front of the TV for hours on end without exercising is unlikely to offer your heart much protection at all.  Thus, it is worth remembering that leading a healthy overall lifestyle is the thing that really matters when it comes to keeping your heart in top condition.
Tea Consumers May Have Younger Biological Age: The cells of regular tea drinkers may have a younger biological age than cells from non-drinkers, according to new research from China -
- From NutraIngredients.com - 08/25/09
More good news about TEASAccording to new research published in the British Journal of Nutrition, cells of regular TEA drinkers may have a younger biological age than cells from non-drinkers.  The study looked at the length of telomeres (DNA sequences that shorten as cells age), which some experts claim may be a marker of biological ageing.  Ageing and lifespan of normal, healthy cells are linked to the so-called telomerase shortening mechanism, which limits cells to a fixed number of divisions.  During cell replication, the telomeres function by ensuring the cell's chromosomes do not fuse with each other or rearrange, which can lead to cancer.   Experts liken telomeres to the ends of shoelaces, without which the lace would unravel.  The University of Hong Kong researchers noted that the telomeres of people who drank an average of three cups of Teas per day were longer than people who drank an average of a quarter of a cup a day, and this average difference corresponds to approximately a difference of five years of life.”  The Chinese Teas in the study refers to both Black Teas and Green Teas, but the data showed that majority of Chinese Teas consumed by the subjects were Green Teas.  Green Tea contains between thirty-forty percent of water-extractable polyphenols, while Black Tea (Green Tea that has been oxidized by fermentation) contains between three-ten percent; Oolong Teas rank somewhere in between Green and Black in oxidation. Previous studies have also reported that telomeres are highly susceptible to oxidative stress, and the antioxidative properties of TEA may protect telomeres from oxidative damage in the normal ageing process.
Technology To Eradicate Malaria:  Emerging technologies could boost supplies of Essential Plant-Based Drugs to combat and ultimately help eradicate malaria, says a report
- From BBCNews.com's Health section - 11/19/08
Because of increasing parasite resistance to anti-malarial drugs, and in view of the millions of cases of malaria occurring annually, there is now great reliance on Artemisinin Combination Therapies (ACTs) to treat malaria, based upon plant compounds. The WORMWOOD plant is a source of the antimalarial drug, Artemisinin.  However, Artemisinin compounds are expensive and demand threatens to outstrip supply, and although there is already expected to be a shortage in 2010, owing to a lack of the Wormwood plant, the raw material for the drugs, plant breeding and clever ways to make Artemisinin in the lab are the answer, according to world experts.  Because of the millions of malarial cases reported annually, with many deaths reported (largely to children in Sub-Saharan Africa), the goal is to create a stable, second source of Artemisinin to supplement existing natural sources. The Centre for Novel Agricultural Products at the University of York (UK) is using fast-track plant breeding to create crops that produce higher yields of Artemisinin.
Teen Soy Intake Linked to Lower Breast Cancer Risk - High intakes of Soy during adolescence may reduce the risk of breast cancer before menopause by about 40 per cent:
- From NutraIngredients.com's Research News Headlines - 06/01/09
According to new data from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the risk of premenopausal breast cancer was also reduced by fifty-nine percent for adults with the highest SOY protein intake, and by fifty-six percent for adults with the highest average isoflavone intakes. SOY isoflavones are naturally occurring estrogen-like compounds, and supplements are currently marketed as a way of reducing symptoms of menopause and offer an alternative to hormone replacement therapy. Previously, studies have reported that, while the underlying mechanism is not known, it is hypothesised that the estrogenic effects of Soy isoflavones cause changes in breast tissue during childhood that may decrease sensitivity to carcinogens later in life.  A similar protective effect has been found in studies of overweight girls, perhaps because fat tissue also secretes estrogen.
The Ten Best Foods You're Not Eating: Want to do your body a world of good?  It's as easy as expanding your grocery list
- From ABC News Cold and Flu Coverage; ABC News's Health section - 07/09/08
There are many “superfoods” that never see the inside of a shopping cart. Some you've never heard of, and others you've simply forgotten about. That's why we've rounded up the best of the bunch – Cinnamon, Beets, Pomegranate, Cabbage, Blueberries, Pumpkin Seeds, Artichoke, plus others.  By eating more antioxidant-rich plant foods, you'll boost the amount of the disease-fighting chemicals floating in your bloodstream. The result: Every bite fortifies your body with all-natural preventive medicine. Make a place for them on your table and you'll instantly upgrade your health—without a prescription – and make time to read this important article to find which fruits and vegetables should be on your grocery list, and in case you don’t make it to the market, check out some comparable botanical supplements too! More information about Spinach and Tomato!
A Thanksgiving Worth Celebrating
- From CVS Caremark's website in the Fitness & Nutrition section - First published 11/25/03; last updated 06/01/06; link updated 12/11/12
Modern tastes and customs have turned a healthy, delicious meal into a nutritional nightmare, so this Thanksgiving, why not celebrate in the original spirit of the holiday?  The Pilgrims didn't need deep-fat fryers, sticks of butter or bags of marshmallows - and neither do we. When properly prepared, the staples of a Thanksgiving meal are a nutritionist's dream. Season your vegetables with a little healthy olive oil and fresh herbs such as Dill, Basil and Oregano.  Try baking sweet potatoes in orange juice and sweetening your squash with apple juice or fruit preserves. A little bit of Cinnamon and Nutmeg will be a perfect topping.  A moist slice of roast turkey is loaded with protein, but low in fat.  Mashed potatoes are a delicious source of vitamins and carbohydrates. Sweet potatoes, squash and pumpkin are full of carotenoids, antioxidants that help protect the body from heart disease and cancer; in addition, sweet potatoes are loaded with vitamin E, and Cranberry is loaded with antioxidants and cancer-fighting compounds. They're also packed with cancer-fighting ellagic acid and a potent cancer-fighting compound. Read this important article for some timely hints on how to prepare your holiday meal for a happy and healthy Thanksgiving. Click on the names of the herbs in the paragraph above for more information about that herb.
Three Common Herbs Effective In Boosting Key Lymphocytes
- From Medical News Today's Cosmetic Medicine/Plastic Surgery News Section - 08/21/06
"As the public's appetite grows for more “natural” health remedies, there is a concomitant demand from physicians and governments to document the benefits and effects of some herbs.  In partial response, a team of researchers has recently investigated three common medicinal herbs - Echinacea purpurea, Astragalus membranaceus  and Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) - and found them to be effective in boosting key blood lymphocytes, the basic building block of the body's immune system."
Tomato Juice Can Reduce Osteoporosis, Claims Study
Tomato juice can significantly increase the presence of cell-protecting antioxidants that help to fight against osteoporosis ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 11/23/10
According to new research conducted by Canada’s University of Toronto, 30mg of lycopene, which is found in Tomato – or the equivalent to two glasses of Tomato juice – is enough to help prevent the brittle-bone disease.  Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass, which leads to an increased risk of fractures, especially the hips, spine and wrists.  An estimated 75 million people suffer from it in Europe, the U.S. and Japan, and women are four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men.  Previous research indicates that diabetes decreases bone turnover that is associated with impaired osteoblastic maturation and function, so boosting bone density in high-risk and post-menopausal women could ease the burden of osteoporosis.  Lycopene is the red pigment in Tomatoes, and according to the scientists, it is a potent carotenoid with a high ability to decrease oxidative stress, which has been associated with a decreased risk of chronic diseases.  The study team claims that to date, no intervention studies have been published demonstrating the effect of the antioxidant lycopene on bone, and that the aim of the study thus was to determine whether lycopene would act as an antioxidant to decrease oxidative stress parameters that result in decreased bone turnover markers. Writing in Osteoporosis International, the calcium researchers found that after the four-month study of post-menopausal women, the participants without lycopene supplementation showed increased reobsorption (also called resorption) of bone (the process of something being absorbed again, such as the removal of calcium from the bone back into the blood).  In other words, within a month, the participants were more prone to the risk of osteoporosis.  On the other hand, the lycopene group had significantly increased antioxidant capacity, decreased oxidative stress parameters and decreased bone resorption.  The researchers concluded that the results of the study demonstrate that after supplementation with juice or lycopene-based capsules, there was a decrease in the bone resorption marker in postmenopausal women and may be due to the ability of the absorbed lycopene to reduce the oxidative stress parameters in these women.  Thus, lycopene intervention, given in capsule or juice form may decrease the risk of osteoporosis by decreasing oxidative stress and bone resorption.
Tomato Pill “Beats Heart Disease” - Scientists say a natural supplement made from Tomatoes, taken daily, can stave off heart disease and strokes:
- From BBCNews website's Health News - 06/01/09
According to scientists from the U.K., the TOMATO pill contains an active ingredient from the Mediterranean diet, lycopene, which blocks artery-clogging "bad" LDL cholesterol.  Tomato is a rich source of lycopene, an antioxidant found in the Tomato’s skin, which gives it the red color, and previous science has confirmed that diets rich in antioxidants are beneficial in reducing plaque buildup in arteries.  Earlier research has also pointed out that when Tomato is heated, cooked or processed, it is most effective, because lycopene, when ingested in its natural form, is poorly absorbed.  Scientists from England’s Heart UK, the Stroke Association and Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, assert that the preliminary findings are very promising and may point the way to an entirely new approach to the treatment of high blood cholesterol.  The findings open up the exciting possibility that the supplement could be much more effective than statin drugs that are currently used by doctors to treat high cholesterol.
A Ton of Bitter Melon Produces Sweet Results for Diabetes
- From ScienceDaily.com's Science News - 03/27/08
Scientists have uncovered the therapeutic properties of Bitter Melon that make it a powerful treatment for Type 2 diabetes.  The results of a study published in the international journal, Chemistry & Biology, declared that teams from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research and the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica extracted four bioactive components from the Bitter Melon, and all appear to activate the enzyme AMPK, a protein well known for regulating fuel metabolism and enabling glucose uptake.  Scientists stress that while there are well known diabetes drugs on the market that also activate AMPK, they can have side effects, but the advantage of Bitter Melon is that there are no known side effects.
The Total-Body Benefits of BerriesLearn about the surprising ways Berries Boost Health
- From EatingWell.com - July/August 2008; posted here 11/14/08
When it comes to health, berries have a fabulous reputation. Blueberries are packed with antioxidants, called anthocyanins, which may help keep memory sharp as you age, and Raspberries contain ellagic acid, a compound with anti-cancer properties.  All berries are great sources of fiber, a nutrient important for a healthy digestive system, but two new studies suggest that berries may be good for your heart and your bones as well.  According to one study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, an eight-week daily diet of just under a cup of mixed berries that included Strawberry, BILBERRY (similar to BLUEBERRY), RED RASPBERRY, plus Black Currant, Lingonberry and Choke Berry was associated with increased levels of "good" HDL cholesterol and lowered blood pressure, two positives when it comes to heart health.  Another study conducted by the Florida Study University has indicated that the polyphenols in Blueberry may also help preserve bone density after menopause.
Tomato Compounds Enlisted in Fight Against Prostate Cancer
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Healines > Research section - 12/02/10
Researchers from the University of Illinois and Ohio State University are exploring why Tomatocompounds appear to help reduce the risk of prostate cancer in humans.  Usually occurring in older men, it is estimated that there will be more than 217,000 new cases of prostate cancer in the U.S. this year, resulting in over 32,000 deaths.  The scientists, funded by the National Institutes of Health, believe that carotenoids, the pigments that give the red, yellow and orange colors to some fruits and vegetables, provide the cancer-preventive benefits found in Tomatoes, but are unsure of exactly how this works.  Using isotopic labeling of three Tomato carotenoids (lycopene, phytoene and phytofluene) with heavier than normal carbon atoms will allow tracking of the Tomato components' absorption and metabolism in the body.  Currently it is not clear to what extent these Tomato carotenoids contribute to chronic disease prevention, and this tool promises to help scientists clarify absorption and metabolism of these three carotenoids.  The results will provide key information about the health aspects of Tomato’s bioactive compounds:  First, whether the carotenoids themselves are bioactive, or are their metabolic or oxidative products responsible for their benefits.  Secondly, whether lycopene alone is responsible for Tomato's benefits, or are other carotenoids also important.  Previous animal studies have shown that whole Tomato powder, which contains all of the fruit's nutritional components, is more effective against prostate cancer than lycopene alone.  Lycopene, which gives the fruit its red color, has received a lot of attention, but two little-known colorless carotenoids, phytoene and phytofluene, probably also have benefits.
Traditional Chinese Medicine For Diabetes Has Scientific Backing
- From Medical News Today's Complementary and Alternative Medicine News Section - 08/03/06
"Reports of a traditional Chinese medicine having beneficial effects for people suffering from Type 2 diabetes now has some scientific evidence to back up the claims. A collaboration between Chinese, Korean and Australian scientists at Sydney's Garvan Institute, has revealed that the natural plant product berberine (substance found in Goldenseal, Oregon Grape and Barberry) could be a valuable new treatment."
Treating Heart Failure
- From The Star Online's Lifestyle > Health Section - 07/09/06
This article discusses different methods of Treating Heart Failure, touching on diuretics, beta blockers, alternatives and supplements, and more.
Turmeric Compounds Show Blood Sugar Management Activity ~
Extracts from Turmeric may help manage blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 diabetes, suggest data from a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial from China.
From the following sources - 8/31/12:
  US National Library of Medicine/National Institutes of Health
  Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
  NutraIngredients-USA
Type-1 Diabetes Prevention Linked to Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- From the All Children's Hospital's (allkids.org) Health Section - December 2007; posted here 2/1/08; link updated 12/11/12
Youngsters at high risk for developing Type-1 diabetes might be able to prevent the disease by eating foods rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids, a new study from the University of Colorado suggests.  Reporting in the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers found that high-risk children with the highest Omega-3 intake had up to a 55 percent reduced risk of Type-1 diabetes. Omega-3 Fatty Acids are found in fish, walnuts and certain plant oils, such as canola and olive.  Omega-3 Fatty Acids also have anti-inflammatory properties and are believed to help reduce the incidence of heart disease.  In past research, scientists discovered that Norwegian children who were regularly given cod liver oil supplements, which are rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids and vitamin D, had a lower incidence of Type-1 diabetes.
U.S. Military May 'Shock and Awe' Omega-3 MarketA multi-million dollar Omega-3 Market could open up within two-to-three years if the U.S. Department of Defense orders its troops to take EPA and DHA Omega-3 Fatty Acids –
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headlings > Industry section - 02/02/10
The Department of Defense is considering either supplementing or fortifying the rations of all active service personnel with Omega-3 Fatty Acids in order to enhance stress resilience and general wellness leading to improved combat performance and speedy recovery from traumatic brain injuries.  The military application of Omega-3’s was the subject of a December conference staged in Alexandria, Virginia, entitled ‘Nutritional Armour for the Warfighter: Can Omega-3 Fatty Acids enhance stress resilience, wellness and military performance?  Dubbed “Nutritional Armour,” Omega-3’s could significantly enhance battlefield performance, according to many scientists, including at least one former U.S. Surgeon General, Richard Carmona.  Some military dieticians believe supplementation could help to cut medical bills running into millions dollars.  Discovered eighty years ago, there’s a wealth of science supporting the health benefits of long-chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid). Omega-3s have been shown to have an impact in four of the five top areas for which soldiers receive hospital treatment: Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, surgical complications and, for women, pregnancy.  The most logical delivery form would be fortification, not supplementation, but a U.S. military directive prohibiting the military from providing any pharmaceutical or supplement via the food supply chain would have to be rescinded; and military nutritionists want to see more scientific research to identify the contribution of EPA and DHA.  Meanwhile, change could be led by increasing numbers of individual soldiers taking the personal decision to take Omega-3 supplements.  Proponents of the supplementation quote Napoleon’s advice: “An army marches on its stomach.”  This advice seems to have impressed the U.S. military, which is considering fortifying troops and hope rations with Omega-3 Fatty Acids will be introduced soon, since there is evidence that higher levels of Omega-3 fats have multiple health benefits, some of which are particularly important for soldiers.”
USDA Examines Diabetes Benefits of Cinnamon: Cinnamon can be used in the battle against Type-2 diabetes ~
- From NutraIngredients.com's Headlines > Research section - 07/23/10
The United States Agricultural Department (USDA) has reported findings from Maryland’s Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center suggesting a water-soluble extract of Cinnamon can have a beneficial effect on insulin or blood glucose levels and may be beneficial to some people with diabetes.  These findings support previous USDA-funded Oklahoma State University research and other studies, and add to a growing body of research reporting that active compounds in Cinnamon may improve parameters associated with diabetes.  The researchers note that insulin is a key hormone that ‘opens a door’ within cells and then escorts glucose into those cells, thus providing fuel to them.  Without a sufficient insulin supply, or ability to use available insulin, glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells where it can be metabolized and used for fuel; thus, overtime, damage occurs to the eyes, kidneys, heart and nerves.  The USDA’s Agricultural Research Service is also purifying, characterizing and evaluating the components of Cinnamon and other spices to explore their beneficial effects on insulin levels and related functions.  The Cinnamon extract study focused on volunteers with metabolic syndrome (which increases the chances of developing diabetes) who were randomly assigned to supplement their diets with either water-soluble Cinnamon extracts or a placebo for twelve weeks.  Those who took the Cinnamon extract showed significant decreases in fasting blood glucose and small increases in lean muscle mass compared with the placebo group.  The researchers noted that improvement in lean muscle mass is considered a marker of improved body composition.  Pre- and post-study analysis of the extract group also revealed small, but statistically significant, decreases in body fat and blood pressure.  Characteristics of metabolic syndrome, such as abnormal blood LDL or HDL cholesterol levels or triglycerides, however, were unaffected by the Cinnamon extract.  Other related research shows that new diabetes biomarkers, known as fatty acylcarnitines, could act as indicators and help physicians and other health care professionals monitor the success of experimental nutrition-based strategies designed to help prevent Type-2 diabetes.  Levels of some fatty acylcarnitines were nearly 300 percent higher in the diabetics than in those without the disease.  The biomarkers research also promises to identify more quickly children and adults who are at risk of developing this Type-2 diabetes.
Vegetables May Boost Brain Power in Older Adults - Study Found Leafy, Green Veggies, But Not Fruits, Slowed Cognitive Decline
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 10/23/06
"Want to preserve your mental edge as you age?  Vegetables - particularly green, leafy ones - will do the trick if you eat three servings a day, new research shows. According to Martha Clare Morris, associate professor at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, and lead author of the study, 'People who consumed two or more vegetables a day had a 35 to 40 percent decrease in the decline in thinking ability over six years. That's the equivalent of being five years younger in age.' "
A very peculiar practice
- From the BBC News Health Section - 08/26/99
"At the Hale Clinic in London - where Princess Diana used to receive treatment - you can see anyone from an osteopath to a Qi Gong therapist. Dr Dooja Purkitt, who was medically trained in India, practises Ayurvedic medicine at the clinic - an ancient Indian art which uses herbal remedies, yoga, massage and meditation." This article also discusses other alternative methods.
Vine Root Extract (Kudzu) Has Heart Health Supplement Potential: Extracts from the roots of a vine that has overgrown almost 10 million acres in the southeastern United States may improve heart health
- From NutraIngredients.com - 08/27/09
Often called the “Green Menace of the South,” extracts from the root of the KUDZU plant may play a role in the prevention or improvement of symptoms related to metabolic syndrome, a condition characterised by central obesity, hypertension and disturbed glucose and insulin metabolism - and which has been linked to increased risks of both Type-2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease.  In the U.S. alone, about fifty million people are affected by the metabolic syndrome.  According to research presented in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, U. S. scientists found that rats supplemented with Kudzu root extracts experienced reductions in cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar and insulin levels, and because the supplement appears to have no adverse or toxic effects at these dietary levels in animal models, it may be useful to consider the use of Kudzu polyphenols as complements to strategies used to reduce metabolic disorders.  Although the exact mechanisms remain to be determined, the scientists suggest that incorporation of Kudzu root supplements into a diet may modulate glucose, lipids and blood pressure, noting that phenolic compounds in Kudzu extract are related to its beneficial effects.  Kudzu root extract contains not only a high concentration of puerarin, but also other phenolic compounds.
Vit D-Curcumin combo offers brain health potential: A combination of Vitamin D3 and Curcumin, from Tumeric, may boost the immune system, and help it clear the protein plaques linked to Alzheimer's, says a new study.
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com - 07/27/09
New data from the University of California (UCLA), and published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, may lead to new approaches for preventing and treating Alzheimer's by using vitamin D in combination with natural or synthetic CURCUMIN (also called TURMERIC) to boost the immune system and protect the brain against beta-amyloid.  The buildup of plaque from beta-amyloid deposits is associated with increased brain cell damage and death from oxidative stress, a loss of cognitive function and an increased risk of Alzheimer's, the most common form of dementia, which currently affects millions of people worldwide.  A growing number of studies have linked vitamin D deficiency to increased risks of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, depression and periodontal disease, all of which have been linked to increased risks for dementia.  There are two types of Alzheimer's patients: Type-1 patients, who respond positively to curcuminoids (the active constituents in naturally-occurring and newly-developed synthetic Curcumin), and Type-2 patients, who do not. Since vitamin D and Curcumin work differently with the immune system, a combination of the two, or each used alone, may be more effective, depending on the individual patient.  Interestingly, other studies have also suggested that the herb has the ability to reduce the effects of Alzheimer’s disease.  Curcumin is the major ingredient in CURRY, which is used quite liberally in the Indian diet, and India has one of the lowest Alzheimer’s disease rates in the world.
Vitamin C as a Cancer Fighter - A Special HealthCheck Report
- From 6abc.com's Health section - 11/8/06
"Millions of us start the day with orange juice, because it tastes good and because we think vitamin C is important for overall health.   One doctor thinks this essential vitamin could do a lot more. He is putting it directly into bloodstreams of patients to fight one of the deadliest diseases around."
Vitamin C 'Helps to Fight Cancer'
- From the BBC News website's Health Section - 09/13/05
"Scientists found that intravenous vitamin C in the form of ascorbate killed cancer cells in lab tests. The findings contradict earlier studies, but the Maryland-based Institutes of Health said they had looked at lower-dose oral vitamin C. In the latest study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers conducted laboratory experiments which simulated clinical infusions of vitamin C on a range of nine cancer and four normal cells. In five of the cancer lines, there was a 50% decrease in cell survival, while normal cells were unaffected. A more detailed look at lymphoma cells - which were especially sensitive to ascorbate - showed they were killed completely. The effective dose was around four millimoles, a concentration much higher than an oral dose but easily achievable by intravenous infusion."
Vitamin C Shows Promise as Cancer Treatment
- From HealthDay News via The Washington Post - 08/05/06
New animal research suggests that intravenous doses of vitamin C could one day reduce the size of cancerous tumors in people, echoing the original research (6/18/06) from Dr. Mark Levine, chief of the U.S. National Institutes of Health's Molecular and Clinical Nutrition Section. The findings are preliminary and still must be confirmed in humans. And even if the treatment works, it's not a cure but would likely be used in combination with other drugs, the researchers said.
Walnuts May Beat Olive Oil for Heart Health - Spanish study suggests they leave arteries more elastic
- From HealthDay News via Medline Plus - 10/09/06
Both Olive oil and Walnuts decrease the onset of inflammation and oxidation in the arteries after a high-fat meal, but Walnuts preserve the blood vessels' flexibility.  According to lead researcher Dr. Emilio Ros, director of the Lipid Clinic at Hospital Clinico in Barcelona, his study attributed much of the beneficial effect to the alpha-linolenic acid found in Walnuts. This nutrient is similar to the Omega-3 Fatty Acids found in fish.  The alpha-linolenic acid in Walnuts has the same chemical structure as Omega-3 Fatty Acids, he noted, and "linolenic acid found in plant foods provide an inexhaustible supply, while fish are being depleted."
Watercress May “Turn Off” Breast Cancer Mechanisms: 
A compound found in Watercress may suppress breast cancer development by stopping the function of a protein important in tumor development ~
- From NutraIngredients-USA.com's Headines > Research section - 09/15/10
According to new research conducted at Britain’s University of Southampton, phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a compound found in Watercress and cruciferous vegetables such as Broccoli and Cabbage, may block key processes in cancer development by interfering with and ‘turning off’ the function of a protein called Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF).  As tumors develop they need more blood and begin to stimulate surrounding tissues to grow new blood vessels.  It is suggested that PEITC blocks the development of blood vessels to cancer cells by reducing the activity of HIF – an important positive regulator of blood vessel development.  PEITC has also been shown to induce apoptosis (cell death) in certain cancer cells, and, in some cases, even in cells that are resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs.  The researchers observed that crude Watercress extracts inhibited cancer cell growth and HIF activity.  The scientists state that this research takes an important step towards understanding the potential health benefits of Watercress, since it shows that Watercress may interfere with a pathway that has already been tightly linked to cancer development.  The researchers say that the findings, which were published in the British Journal of Nutrition, indicate that this study offers a “new insight into the potential anti-cancer effects of Watercress.”  The researchers also concluded that although further investigations are required to confirm these findings, this pilot study suggests that dietary intake of Watercress may be sufficient to modulate this potential anti-cancer pathway.
Weekly Curry 'May Fight Dementia'The Key Ingredient Appears to be Turmeric:
- From BBC News website's Health News - 06/03/09
Research from Duke University, North Carolina, suggests that eating CURRY once or twice a week could help prevent the onset of Alzheimer's disease and dementia. The key ingredient is CURCUMIN, a component of the spice, TURMERIC. Curcumin appears to prevent the spread of amyloid protein plaques in the brain that are thought to cause dementia.  Researchers are currently testing the impact of higher doses to see if they could maximize the effect, and a clinical trial was now underway at the University of California, Los Angeles, to test Curcumin's effects in Alzheimer's patients. Indian communities that regularly eat Curcumin have a surprisingly low incidence of Alzheimer's disease, and although the reason is not yet known, England’s Alzheimer's Society is keen to explore the potential benefits of Curcumin in protecting the brain and conducting their own research into this area.  This may be a cheap, accessible and safe treatment that could transform the quality of life for thousands of people with the condition.
What is the Healthiest of All Beans?
- From SixWise.com - 12/19/06
Beans have been described as nutritional powerhouses – Superfoods - and the U.S. Department of Agriculture recommends that U.S. adults eat more of them. A report by nutrition experts at Michigan State University concluded that beans (including kidney, pinto, navy, lima and black beans) are an often-overlooked food source that could be helping Americans fight a host of chronic diseases, including cancer, heart disease, diabetes and obesity. Beans are loaded with healthy nutrients like folate, magnesium, alpha-linolenic acid, calcium, potassium and vitamin B6. They're rich in protein and are an ideal source of both soluble and insoluble fiber.
White Tea May Help Combat Obesity, say experts: A daily cup of White Tea may help combat the obesity epidemic, say scientists
- From Telegraph.co.uk's Health News section - 05/01/09
German researchers, writing in the journal, Nutrition and Metabolism, have shown that an extract from WHITE TEA, the least processed of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis, prevents new fat cells that make up the body's adipose tissue from forming, and also helps to burn off and break up the fat in existing ones, which could help in the battle against obesity.  White Tea is made from the buds and first leaves of the plant used to make Green Tea and the Black Tea most commonly drunk in Western countries.  Because it is the least processed of the other teas, it contains more active ingredients that affect human cells, such as methylxanthines (like caffeine) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) – which the authors believe to be responsible for many of the anti-adipogenic effects demonstrated in their study.  The herbal brew also increases metabolism and boosts slimming by having a very high concentration of antioxidants compared to the more popular Green variety.  The potential anti-obesity effects of White Tea have been demonstrated in a series of experiments on human fat cells (adipocytes).
Why is too much water dangerous?
- From the BBC News website's Magazine section - 01/15/07
Contrary to conventional wisdom, drinking too much water may be harmful to your health. If you drink too much water, eventually the kidneys will not be able to work fast enough to remove sufficient amounts from the body. After the recent death of a woman engaged in a water-drinking contest was published, there have been many explanations for the “water intoxication.”
According to Professor Robert Forrest, a consultant in Clinical Chemistry and Forensic Toxicology at the Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield (UK), “If you put too much water…the cells will swell,” he says. This swelling is a problem in the brain. As the brain is squeezed, it compresses vital regions regulating functions such as breathing." Eventually these functions will be impaired and you are likely to stop breathing and die.
Why You Need More Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- From Life Extension Magazine's website - 09/07/06
"New research demonstrates that Omega-3 Fatty Acids, long recognized for their remarkable ability to protect against cardiovascular disease, may confer a wealth of additional benefits for human health, guarding against depression, cancer, osteoporosis, arthritis and other crippling diseases of ageing."
Will These Foods Make You Smarter? The trend to fortify foods with the omega-3 DHA
- From EatingWell magazine (EatingWell.com) via MSN Health & Fitness - 2007; posted here 1/4/08
One of the reasons nutrition experts recommend eating fish twice a week is that they are a good source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an Omega-3 Fatty Acid that has heart-healthy benefits. Now preliminary studies suggest that DHA may help boost brain power too, and some research links higher intakes with reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease and the cognitive decline that precedes it.  Also, growing evidence suggests that supplementation during pregnancy and early infancy may result in superior cognitive performance of the child. Since research indicates supplementation may have some mental benefits, you might want to look into Omega-3 Fatty Acid supplements too.
Wine Ingredient May Nix Fat's Effects; Red Wine's Resveratrol May Protect Against Unhealthy Diet and Prolong Life
- From WebMD.com - 11/01/06
Resveratrol, an antioxidant found in Red Wine may help defend against a fatty diet and help obese people live a longer, healthier life. Resveratrol is one of a group of compounds called polyphenols found in Grapes and Red Wine, as well as in other plants, such as peanuts and Blueberries. According to a new study conducted by the the National Institute on Ageing's Laboratory of Experimental Gerontology, Ageing, Metabolism and Nutrition Unit, it has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties and is being studied for a variety of pharmaceutical uses.
Wine May Lower the Risk of a Rare Esophageal Cancer:
- From The New York Times website's Health section - 03/04/09
Research, published in the journal, Gastroenterology, reports that while millions of Americans suffer from heartburn and gastric reflux, only a small number develop the serious conditions that lead to esophageal cancer.  Scientists trying to understand what may protect against these conditions have identified an unlikely agent: Wine. Two separate studies (Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland and Kaiser Permanente in Oakland, California) suggest that people who drink wine (red or white) in moderation are less likely to develop conditions that may lead to esophageal adenocarcinoma, an uncommon cancer that has increased sharply in the United States over the past thirty years.  The reports are particularly surprising because alcohol intake is a well-established risk factor for the other main form of esophageal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma. The two studies’ findings are consistent with those from an Australian report in Gastroenterology in December. That study found that drinking wine in moderation was linked to lower risks for both forms of the cancer.  Researchers noted the studies were preliminary, but these are the first few studies that have looked at this, and they all find the same thing in three different populations in three different countries.
Yellow and Green Vegetables Can Guard Against Blindness
- From The Daily Mail's Health Section - 08/16/06; link updated 12/11/12
Scientists from the University of Wisconsin report that women under 75 who ate diets rich in vegetables containing the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin  had a reduced risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness.
You are Where You Eat - It's not just WHAT you eat that matters. HOW you dine can play a major role in your weight and digestive well-being.
- From Newsweek.com - 07/27/07
Our desks, cars, couches and even our beds are just a few of the settings for meals stuffed into an already overstuffed schedule.  But abandoning the dining-room table for these locales may be an unwise diet choice, as not all eating sites are created equal. Many of the ways we eat can often lead to weight gain and severe digestion difficulties. Eating hastily has long been associated with indigestion and heartburn, so whether you’re in a rush, not chewing properly or eating like a couch potato, watch out for the worst ways to chow down and make a few changes that can improve your health, your waistline and maybe even your pocketbook. Read this important article to avoid the pitfalls of unhealthy dining, and look to some old-fashioned herbal remedies to improve your digestion…naturally.

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