Botanical: Rosmarinus officinalis
Family: Labiatae/Lamiaceae (mint)
Rosemary is a tender, aromatic evergreen that generally grows from three to six feet in height, with new varieties reaching eight feet. It is highly ornamental and produces pale blue flowers that are a favorite of bees. Rosemary is a perennial shrub that originated in Asia, but is now cultivated in France, Tunisia and Yugoslavia.
Rosemary's botanical genus, Rosmarinus, is derived from the Latin, ros, meaning “dew” and marinus, meaning “of the sea,” since it was found in abundance near seashores. The Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks and Romans of antiquity revered Rosemary as a sacred herb, regarding it as a symbol of friendship, loyalty and remembrance, and the herb was traditionally carried by mourners at funerals and brides during their weddings. In the Middle Ages, Rosemary was used to ward off evil spirits and during the Plague of 1665, Rosemary was carried and sniffed in suspicious areas to protect against infection. In times past, the resinous herb was burned in sick chambers to purify the air and was placed in law courts as a protection from “jail fever” (typhus). During World War II, French hospitals also burned Rosemary, employing it as an antiseptic in an effort to kill germs and to decrease the spread of disease.
Because Rosemary Oil stimulates and improves circulation throughout the body, it increases the blood supply to the skin, which is thought to help restore a youthful glow, and it is included in many hair products because of its positive effect on the hair and scalp. It is believed to stimulate hair bulbs and prevent baldness.
The essential oil of Rosemary is derived from the flowering tops, and has a yield of 1-2%.
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any essential oils, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Common Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled
Aromatic Description: Fresh, clear, sweet, powerfully herbal
Constituents: 1,8-cineole, a-pinene, pinene, borneol, linalol, alpha-terpineol, terpinen-4-ol, bornyl acetate, camphor, thujone, camphene, limonene, beta-caryophyllene
Therapeutic properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, astringent, carminative, cephalic, cholagogue, cordial, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, hypertensive, nervine, rubefacient, stimulant, sudorific and tonic
Contraindications: Pregnant women should not use Rosemary, nor should it be used continuously by women with heavy menstrual flow. Those who have epilepsy, high blood pressure or fevers should avoid Rosemary Oil. It should not be used in excessive amounts (many times the recommended dosage), as it is neuro-toxic and may produce convulsions.